Countermeasures: Engineering, Education and Enforcement

A total of 49 engineering, education, and enforcement countermeasures are discussed in this section. The treatments and programs selected for inclusion in this application are those that have been in place for an extended period of time and/or have been proven effective at the time the material for this product was being complied. Since that time, new countermeasures continue to be developed, implemented, and evaluated. Thus, practitioners should not necessarily limit their choices to those included here; this material is a starting point. More information on the latest treatments and programs can be found through many of the web sites and resources included in the More Info section.

Pedestrian Facility Design Pedestrian Facility Design:
It is a public responsibility to provide a safe, secure, and comfortable system for all people who walk.

Roadway Design Roadway Design:
The goal of an appropriately designed roadway should be to safely and efficiently accommodate all modes of travel, from pedestrians to bicyclists to motorists.

Intersection Design Intersection Design:
The primary point of conflict and the most prevalent location for crashes between pedestrians and motor vehicles is the intersection.

Traffic Calming Traffic Calming:
Traffic calming is a way to design streets, using physical measures, to encourage people to drive more slowly.

Traffic Management Traffic Management:
Traffic management includes the use of traditional traffic control devices to manage volumes and routes of traffic.

Signals and Signs Signals and Signs:
Traffic engineers have an arsenal of signs and signals that can be used to regulate and warn both motorists and pedestrians.

Other Measures Other Measures:
Engineers must be cognizant of the capabilities and needs of all pedestrians when designing a roadway or developing an operations plan.


U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration