Crash Analysis
Pedestrians are quite often in conflict with left-turning vehicles when permissive signal phasing is used.

Deciding on the set of treatments that will provide the greatest benefits in terms of providing safety and mobility requires transportation and land-use planners, engineers, law enforcement officials, and community leaders to engage in problem-solving. In most cases, a two-prong approach is required. The first prong involves an examination of the pedestrian crash problem through a review of historical crash data. Two specific types of crash analyses include the identification of high-crash locations and the detailed examination of pre-crash maneuvers that lead to pedestrian-motor vehicle incidents. Both are described in more detail in this section.

However, many of the problems faced by pedestrians either do not involve crashes or the crashes are not reported. Thus, the second prong addresses these types of problems by focusing on performance objectives that will lead to changes in behavior, which in turn, will result in a safer and more accessible environment for pedestrians. The types of objectives most often pursued by local agencies are discussed in this section.

Identification of High-Crash Locations
A first step in the problem-solving process of improving pedestrian safety and mobility is to identify locations or areas where pedestrian crash problems exist and where engineering, education, and enforcement measures will be most more

Pedestrian Crash Typing
The development of effective roadway design and operation, education, and enforcement measures to accommodate pedestrians and prevent crashes is hindered by insufficient detail in computerized state and local crash more

Definitions of Pedestrian Crash Types
For any crash type, there are multiple problems or possible causes that may have led to the crash. The following section also provides examples of a few possible causes/problems for each crash type and some of the countermeasures within PEDSAFE that may be more

Crash-Related Countermeasures
A total of 49 different pedestrian countermeasures are presented in this application that address various types of roadway situations. To assist engineers and planners who may want further guidance on which measures are appropriate to address certain types of pedestrian crashes, an interactive matrix of 12 pedestrian crash groupings by seven categories of countermeasures is more

Program of Improvements
Some pedestrian crashes are associated with deficient roadway designs. Pedestrians and motorists often contribute to pedestrian crashes through a disregard or lack of understanding of laws and safe driving or walking more


U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration