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ADA Draft Public Rights-of-Way Accessibility Guidelines

Where required
Guidelines will apply to new construction and alterations.

"Each crosswalk with pedestrian signal indications shall have a signal device which includes audible and vibrotactile indications of the WALK interval."

Walk indication
Specifications of the walk indication:
  • Shall be both audible and vibrotactile
  • Audible indication shall be by voice or by tone
  • Tones shall consist of multiple frequencies with dominant component at 880 Hz; duration of .15 seconds, repeated at intervals of .15 seconds
Measurement of the volume for walk indication and locator tone
  • Tone or voice volume measured at 36 inches from the APS, shall be 2dB minimum and 5dB maximum above ambient noise level
  • APS shall be responsive to ambient noise level changes
Pedestrian pushbuttons
Pushbuttons shall
  • Be integral with the APS device
  • Have locator tones that operate during the flashing and steady Don't Walk intervals.
  • Have locator tones that repeat at one-second intervals for a duration of 0.15 sec max
  • Shall require 5 lbf maximum force
  • Shall be operable with one hand, and not require grasping, twisting or pinching
  • Shall be installed with the control face facing the intersection and parallel to the direction of the crosswalk it serves
  • Shall be 2 inches minimum across, and contrast visually with housing
Location of pushbuttons
Pushbuttons shall be
  • Located at a level landing connected to the pedestrian access route
  • 60 inches maximum from the crosswalk line extended
  • 120 inches maximum and 30 inches minimum from the curb line
  • 120 inches minimum from other pedestrian signal devices at the crossing
Pushbutton signage
Tactile and visual signs on the face of the device or its housing or mounting shall indicate crosswalk direction and the name of the street containing the crosswalk served by the pedestrian signal.

Signage shall
  • Comply with ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) 703.2 specifications for Braille and raised print
  • Include a tactile arrow aligned parallel to the crosswalk direction and specifications for arrow size; arrow shall contrast with the background
  • Where provided, graphic indication of the crosswalk shall be tactile and characters shall contrast with background
Audible beaconing
Not specifically mentioned although 'additional features' are permitted

Extended button press permitted to activate additional features; buttons of devices with additional features shall be marked with symbol comprised of three Braille dots forming an equilateral triangle.

  • Public comment period ended October 28, 2021
  • Notice of Proposed Rule-making anticipated Spring 2003, followed by a public comment period
  • Review by Office of Management and Budget
  • Notice of Final Rule
  • Adoption as regulation by Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The development of rights-of-way guidelines can be monitored on the U.S. Access Board's website at www.access-board.gov. The Board also maintains a toll-free technical assistance line at (800)872-2253 (V); (800)993-2822 (TTY).

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