walkinginfo.org Logo Go to contents of page
APS home go to front of Accessible Pedestrian Signals
Go to Front page Background section Travel by Blind
Rules & Regulations
Technologies and Features section Types
Walk Indications
Other Features
Choosing and Installing section Where to Install
Designing Installations
New Construction or Reconstruction
Retrofitting an Intersection with an APS
Installation Specifications
Field Adjustments
State of Practices section Case Studies
International Practice
Devices section Manufacturers
Selection Tool
Product Matrix
Downloads section Full Guide
Rating Scales
Field Adjustments

Summary of legislation

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Requires nondiscrimination on the basis of disability in programs and activities receiving or benefiting from federal financial assistance

"No qualified handicapped person shall...be denied the benefits of...any program or activity that receives or benefits from Federal financial assistance administered by the DOT."

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) states that pedestrian safety considerations should be included in new transportation plans and projects. Section 1202 (g)(2) directs that they "...shall include the installation, where appropriate, and maintenance of audible traffic signals and audible signs at street crossings."
  • Required that FHWA develop guidance on pedestrian and bicycle facility design.
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • ADA is a civil rights law with five parts:
    • Title I - Employment
    • Title II - Public services - State and local government programs
    • Title III - Public accommodations - public and commercial facilities
    • Title IV - Telecommunications - telephone services
    • Title V - Miscellaneous
  • Guidelines for implementation of each part were developed by agencies charged with that responsibility.
  • Under Titles II and III of the ADA, the US Access Board develops and maintains accessibility guidelines for buildings, facilities, and transit vehicles.
  • The ADA Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) serve as the basis of standards issued by the Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Transportation (DOT) to implement the ADA.
ADA and Public Rights-of-Way
Title II requires state and local government programs and properties to be accessible to persons with disabilities.
  • Guidelines implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act were published in 1991. However a section on Public Rights-of-Way has still not been issued as a Final Rule.
  • Access to pedestrian travel on public rights-of-way is considered to be a program provided by state and local governments, and therefore must be accessible under Part II of the ADA.
  • The fact that there are not specific guidelines does not absolve municipalities and states from the responsibility to provide street crossings that are accessible to persons with disabilities, including visual impairments.
topup arrow

  << previous page  |  next page >>
spacer image
This site was developed under the sponsorship of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program.