Enforcement Resources and Research

document National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, The United States Department of Transportation
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study. ...more >
web PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, Federal Highway Administration
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. The online tools provide the user with a list of possible engineering, ...more >
document Pedestrian Synthesis Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, Federal Highway Administration
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices; ...more >
document Law Enforcement Pedestrian Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This manual is designed as a resource for police agencies needing to solve unfamiliar traffic safety problems. ...more >
document Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The FHWA University Course contains modular resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation. ...more >
document Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States. ...more >
web AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This site provides education and research material to government agencies, educational institutions, advocacy organizations, and schools. ...more >
web Active Living Network Storybank, Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment. ...more >
document International Synthesis Report: United Kingdom, Federal Highway Administration
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom. A comprehensive list of references is provided. The report covers many types of pedestrian facilities, the UK pedestrian safety record, ...more >
multimedia An Evaluation of 3D/4D Visualization: North & South Roosevelt Blvds. Key West, Florida, Federal Highway Administration & Florida Department of Transportation
This CD-ROM documents the process that is involved in the use of 3D and 4D visualization technologies. ...more >
document Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes. ...more >
document Phoenix School Safety Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Phoenix task force results in successful statewide program for improving pedestrian safety in school zones through education, enforcement, and multiple engineering measures. ...more >
document PEDS Take Back the Streets Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Partnership between government agencies and non-profit organizations use broad educational and enforcement measures to improve pedestrian safety and reduce pedestrian fatalities. ...more >
document Evaluation of Automated Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections, Federal Highway Administration
Automated pedestrian detection systems provide the means to detect the presence of pedestrians as they approach the curb prior to crossing the street, and then "call" the Walk signal without any action required on the part of the pedestrian. ...more >
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Burlington uses an annual pedestrian safety campaign, including education, enforcement, and engineering measures, to institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety in the community. ...more >
document Pedestrian Safety Enforcement DVDs, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Pedestrian and bicycle safety enforcement DVDs used in Wisconsin to educate and train local traffic officers, drivers education students, and members of the general public. ...more >
document Missoula Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Missoula combines radio and television announcements with targeted enforcement to increase yielding rates of drivers for pedestrians in crosswalks. ...more >
document Pedestrian Safety in Native America, Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States. ...more >
document Look Out For Each Other, Share the Responsibility, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Television, radio, billboards, and other publicizing methods are used in Edmonton, along with targeted enforcement, to reduce pedestrian collisions and fatalities. ...more >
document Info 2 Share, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Combination of low-cost engineering, education, and high-level enforcement reduce jaywalking and pedestrian fatalities on corridor in New Jersey. ...more >
document Capitol Building Intersection Renovation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Crosswalk redesign, land reductions, access management, and targeted enforcement used to create a safer pedestrian environment around Tallahassee capitol building. ...more >
web National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report, United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States. ...more >
web Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida. ...more >
document Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement, Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data, ...more >
document Case Study No. 13: A Synthesis of Existing Bicyclist and Pedestrian Related Laws and Enforcement Programs, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to compile a comprehensive set of laws and ordinances which may be adapted as necessary and passed by individual governing bodies. ...more >
document Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes two related studies intended to address double-lane roundabout accessibility issues for visually impaired pedestrians. ...more >
document Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Federal Hghway Administration
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed. ...more >
document A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007. ...more >
web Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports. ...more >
web University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources. ...more >
document Model Pedestrian Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration
This Supplement to the Model Pedestrian Safety Program User's Guide provides detailed information on specific pedestrian safety countermeasures. ...more >
document City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking. ...more >
web Traffic Safety Digest, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003. ...more >
document The Effects of NO TURN ON RED / YIELD TO PEDS Variable Message Signs on Motorist and Pedestrian Behavior, Highway Safety Research Center, Florida Department of Transportation
This report evaluates the effects of variable message signs in Orlando, Florida, on motorist and pedestrian behavior. ...more >
document Motorist Yielding to Pedestrians at Unsignalized Intersections, Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the evaluation of engineering treatments that can be used to improve the safety of pedestrians crossing in marked crosswalks on busy arterial streets. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ...more >
document Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility,
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management, ...more >
document How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, Federal Highway Administration
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change. ...more >
document FHWA Office of Highway Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists. ...more >
document Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic ...more >
document Community Action and Fundraising in Portland, OR, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Community group in Portland partners with a local business, the city, and DOT to improve the pedestrian environment through specially designed umbrellas and multiple engineering measures. ...more >
web Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format) ...more >
document What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws, Oregon Department of Transportation
This brochure provides information for drivers regarding the safe way to drive, how to avoid hurting pedestrians, and the crosswalk laws in Oregon. ...more >
document What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws (Spanish), Oregon Department of Transportation
This Spanish-language brochure provides information and safety tips for drivers regarding the traffic and crosswalk laws in Oregon. ...more >
document Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs in Madison, Wisconsin, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of a "Yield To Pedestrians" sign in increasing driver compliance with Wisconsin's pedestrian rights laws. ...more >
web Prevent Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Preventing Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children Provides information to parents on pedestrian risks for preschool and elementary school children. Safe and Sober Campaign. Taken from the NHTSA website. ...more >
multimedia Resource Guide on Laws Related to Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
The resource guide contains a array of vehicle and traffic laws that may have the potential to affect pedestrian or bicycle safety, either positively or negatively. This guide is for anyone interested in vehicle and traffic laws and pedestrian and bicycle safety. ...more >
web Streets in America Are Unsafe and Unforgiving For Kids, Federal Highway Administration
Article by Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Speeding cars, children darting into traffic, and streets without sidewalks place youth at risk on America's roads ...more >
web Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area), Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives' mission is to reclaim New York City's streets from the automobile, and to advocate for bicycling, walking and public transit as the best transportation alternatives. ...more >
document Motorists, Bicyclists and Pedestrians: Sharing the Road Safely, The New York State Department of Transportation
This training supplement is provided to trainers in Driver Improvement Programs to encourage motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians to safely share the road. ...more >
document Hey! Older pedestrians need more time than that to cross a street!, Highway Safety Research Center
This article focuses on the need for longer traffic walk lights, zoning, and education for the older pedestrian population. This article was written for the Partnership for a Walkable America by Emily Smith of the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center. ...more >
web Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc., PEDS, Inc.
PEDS is a member-based advocacy organization dedicated to making metro Atlanta safe and accessible for all pedestrians. When PEDS was founded in 1996, pedestrians were not yet on metro Atlanta's radar screen. ...more >
web Pedestrian Safety Talking Points, NHTSA
This list of pedestrian safety talking points is a useful tool for making presentations to community groups and organizations. It explains the effects of motor vehicle crashes on pedestrian safety and provides statistics regarding pedestrian safety. ...more >
web Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. ...more >
web Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition,
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education. ...more >
web Northwestern University Traffic Institute, Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences. ...more >