Advanced Stop Lines:

At signalized intersections and midblock crossings, the vehicle stop line can be moved farther back from the pedestrian crosswalk for an improved factor of safety and for improved visibility of pedestrians. In some places, the stop line has been moved back by 4.6 to 9.1 m (15 to 30 ft) relative to the marked crosswalk with considerable safety benefits for pedestrians. One study found that use of a “Stop Here For Pedestrians” sign alone reduced conflicts between drivers and pedestrians by 67 percent. With the addition of an advanced stop line, this type of conflict was reduced by 90 percent compared to baseline levels.7

The advanced stop lines allow pedestrians and drivers to have a clearer view of each other and more time in which to assess each other’s intentions. The effectiveness of this tool depends upon whether motorists are likely to obey the stop line, which varies from place to place.

Advanced stop lines are also applicable for non-signalized crosswalks on multi-lane roads to ensure that drivers in all lanes have a clear view of a crossing pedestrian.

• Improve visibility of pedestrians to motorists.
• Allow pedestrians to advance in a crosswalk before motor vehicles turn.
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• Effectiveness depends on motorist compliance with the marked stop line.
• If placed too far in advance of the crosswalk, motorists may ignore the line.
• In some locations, a wider crosswalk may be an effective alternative.
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  Estimated Cost
There is no extra cost when the recessed stop line is installed on new paving or as part of repaving projects. A STOP HERE ON RED (R10-6) sign can be used to supplement the recessed stop line.
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  Case Studies
New York, NY 
Halifax, Nova Scotia 
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Sketch by Michael Kimelberg

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U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration