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document A Low-Cost Way to Improve Walkability, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Resurfaced roads, repaired sidewalks, 50 volunteers, 12 businesses, 32 trees and several gallons of paint changed this neglected street into an inviting, walkable place. ... more >>
web Bicycle & Pedestrian Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Human and Natural Environment, promotes bicycle and pedestrian transportation accessibility, use, and safety. ... more >>
web Recreational Trails Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Federal transportation funds benefit recreation by making funds available to the States to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail-related facilities for both nonmotorized and motorized recreational trail uses. ... more >>
web Active Living by Design - Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Active Living by Design
Archived presentations hosted by Active Living by Design ... more >>
web Transportation Enhancements, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Transportation Enhancement (TE) activities offer funding opportunities to help expand transportation choices and enhance the transportation experience. ... more >>
web National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse (NTEC)
Communities across America are using Transportation Enhancements (TE) funds from the federal government to expand travel choice, strengthen the local economy, improve the quality of life, and protect the environment. ... more >>
document A Profile of Pedestrian Fatalities in King County, WA, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
As pedestrian fatalities and injuries are most common in urban areas, Seattle and King County have by far the greatest number of pedestrian fatalities and injuries in Washington. ... more >>
document Testing and Evaluation of Pedestrian Sensors, Southwest Region University Transportation Center
The main objective of this study was to evaluate sensors for use in a pedestrian safety test bed in College Station, TX. ... more >>
web Active Living Research: Tools and Measures, Active Living Research
The Active Living Research: Tools and Measures page provides audit tools for assessing communities and parks. ... more >>
web Accessible Rights-of-Way: A Design Guide, United States Access Board
This design guide is based on provisions in the ADA Accessibility Guidelines, which requires facilities to be designed and construceted to be readily accessible to and usable by people with diabilities. ... more >>
document Columbus Avenue Neighborhood Transportation Study, San Francisco County Transportation Authority
This report outlines results from a survey of individuals along Columbus Avenue in San Francisco, CA. Results show that a majority of individuals rely on walking, biking, and transit to reach the area. ... more >>
web Designing for Pedestrians, Washington State Department of Transportation
Washington State's Designing for Pedestrians website offers assistance in the form of research materials, frequently asked questions, and outlines of design standards. ... more >>
document Curbing Cars, Transportation Alternatives
This study examines the travel, shopping and spending patterns of visitors, residents and workers on Prince Street, a vibrant commercial street in the historic SoHo neighborhood of Manhattan. ... more >>
document Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing major Urban Thoroughfares for Walkable Communities, Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This report provides guidance and demonstrates for practitioners how context sensitive solutions (CSS) cocepts and principles may be applied in roadway improvement projects that are consistent with their physical settings. ... more >>
document Making Walking and Cycling Safer, Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation. ... more >>
document The Fatality Risk of Walking in America, Center for Urban Transportation Research - University of South Florida
This paper proposes a time-based comparative approach to examining the fatality risk of walking. ... more >>
document A Method for Estimating Pedestrian Volume for Street Intersections in San Francisco, Department of Geography and Human Environmental Studies - San Francisco State University
This paper presents a model for estimating pedestrian volume in San Francisco, and examines the built environment at multiple geographic scales and included pedestrian activities of all potential trip purposes. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Pedestrian Countdown Signals in Montgomery County, Maryland, Transportation Research Board
Pedestrian countdown signals installed at five intersections in Montgomery County, Maryland, were evaluated with a before-and-after study. ... more >>
document Sidewalk Planning: A GIS-Based Approach, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A custom GIS-based toolset was developed to accurately identify potential sidewalk construction and maintenance projects, score and prioritize these projects using weighted comparisons, and provide cost estimates. ... more >>
document World Health Day 2010, World Health Organization (WHO)
For World Health Day 2010, cities around the world will use the Ciclovia model to close their streets to traffic and promote physical and mental health activities. Ciclovia means "bicycle path& ... more >>
web New York City Department of Transportation: Pedestrians & Sidewalks, New York City Department of Transportation
Provides valuable information about pedestrian services and facilities around New York City. ... more >>
document Interim Report to the U.S. Congress on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program SAFETEA-LU Section 1807, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This interim report summarizes progress and initial results of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) and the four pilot communities' participation in the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program ( ... more >>
web WalkSafe, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
WalkSafe was developed to improve pediatric pedestrian safety, increase physical activity levels through encouraging children to walk to and from school, and improve the walkability in and around elementary schools. ... more >>
document Guidebook for Mitigating Fixed-Route Bus-and-Pedestrian Collisions, Transportation Research Board (TRB)
This document is designed to help assist transit agencies and community members in identifying preventative or remedial strategies for reducing the frequency and severity of bus-and-pedestrian collisions. ... more >>
document Analysis of Bicycle-Related and Pedestrian-Related Roadway Crashes, Colorado Department of Transportation
The Colorado Department of Transportation has released a report that explores potential trends, based on patterns in crash types and causes, associated with crashes involving bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
web Case Study #71: Neighborhood Speed Watch Programs, Phoenix, AZ, PedSafe, City of Phoenix, Arizona
Case study of Neighborhood Speed Watch pilot program in Phoenix, Arizona. ... more >>
document International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ... more >>
document Understanding How the Built Environment Around TTA Stops Affects Ridership, Department of City and Regional Planning, UNC-Chapel Hill
"This study determines the characteristics of urban development that related to Triangle Transit Authority (TTA) bus ridership levels in the Triangle region of North Carolina." ... more >>
document Method of Improving Pedestrian Safety Proactively with Geographic Information Systems, Transportation Research Record
"The proactive data integration technique developed in this study was applied to pedestrian safety problems on a college campus, aiding the process of planning and implementing various countermeasures related to education, ... more >>
document An accident waiting to happen, Accident Analysis and Prevention
"There are about 75,000 pedestrian crashes in the United States each year. Approximately 5000 of these crashes are fatal, accounting for 12% of all roadway deaths. On college campuses, pedestrian exposure and crash- ... more >>
document Understanding Sustainable Transportation Choices, University of California Transportation Center
This paper explores factors that are associated with the decision to walk or bicycle — rather than drive — for routine travel. ... more >>
document Impact Speed and a Pedestrian's Risk of Severe Injury or Death, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This study estimates of the risk of severe injury or death for pedestrians struck by vehicles at various speeds. ... more >>
document Chicago Pedestrian-Motor Vehicle Collisions 2001-2005, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes the methods and sources of data used and developed, and summarizes roadway/environmental, and vehicle/person characteristics of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions for the City of Chicago. ... more >>
document Strategies for Reducing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury at the Corridor Level, California Department of Transportation
This study was conducted to develop methods for identifying sites where there is potential for significant reductions in pedestrian and bicyclist injury. ... more >>
document Forecasting Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Demands Using Travel Demand Model and Mode Share/Trip Length Data, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to forecast pedestrian and bicycle usage on the Columbia River Crossing project, agencies were able to plan for and accommodate walking and bicycling on the bridge. ... more >>
document Traffic Safety Facts - Children, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This briefing presents child traffic fatality and injury statistics, based on data collected in 2008. Subsections focus on child pedestrian safety trends. ... more >>
web Model Design Manual for Living Streets, Ryan Snyder Associates
This manual focuses on all users and all modes, seeking to achieve balanced street design that accommodates cars while ensuring that pedestrians, cyclists and transit users can travel safely and comfortably. ... more >>
document Incidence Rates of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Crashes by Hybrid Electric Passenger Vehicles: An Update, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report seeks to understand the relationship of pedestrian- and bicyclist-motor vehicle crashes by vehicle type, specifically hybrid electric vehicles. ... more >>
document Safer Vulnerable Road Users: Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Motorcyclists, and Older Users, US Department of Transportation
This is one paper in a series intended to develop a National Strategy on Highway Safety. ... more >>
document When Distracted Road Users Cross Paths, Public Roads Magazine, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper examines the role of distraction — both among drivers and pedestrians — in yielding behaviors at crosswalks on the college campus. ... more >>
web Health Economic Assessment Tool (HEAT), World Health Organization (WHO)
This tool is designed to help you conduct an economic assessment of the health benefits of walking or cycling by estimating the value of reduced mortality that results from specified amounts of walking or cycling. ... more >>
document Contents and Assessment of Traffic Education Programmes, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
In addition to outlining the importance of education programs, this document presents a framework for evaluating the effectiveness of existing programs. ... more >>
document Shared Space: Safe or Dangerous?,
This paper examines the philosophy of shared space and the effects of its implementation on traffic safety. ... more >>
document Sense and Nonsense About Shared Space,
This paper examines the traffic safety improvements and potential conflicts associated with shared space implementation in Germany and the Netherlands. ... more >>
document Police Enforcement and Driving Speed, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The paper evaluates current techniques used by police to enforce speed limits, and recommends new strategies. ... more >>
document Retrofitting the Suburbs to Increase Walking, University of California Transportation Center (UCTC)
Walking travel and land use patterns vary substantially within the South Bay. Analyzing the correlates of walking provides insight into ways to retrofit auto-oriented suburbs for more pedestrian travel. ... more >>
document Crossing Facilities for Cyclists and Pedestrians, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This document presents data on roadway crossing safety, and recommends strategies that can be incorporated to better-understand and improve crossing facilities. ... more >>
document Transit and Trail Connections, John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, US Department of Transportation (USDOT)
This study characterizes the use of transit and non-motorized transportation modes for visitor access to National Wildlife Refuges and identifies opportunities for and constraints to alternative transportation access. ... more >>
document Pedestrians, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This report briefly presents pedestrian safety statistics and gives an overview of techniques used to improve safety. ... more >>
web Proven Safety Countermeasures, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety
This website provides documentation and information on several countermeasures that have shown to be effective in improving roadway safety. ... more >>
document Vulnerable Road Users, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This paper defines a "vulnerable" road user, and presents methods for determining who is vulnerable, as well as measures for protecting these individuals. ... more >>
document Assessment of Driver Yield Rates Pre- and Post-RRFB Installation in Bend, Oregon, Oregon Department of Transportation
This report evaluates the effects of the installation of two Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons (RRFB) on driver yielding behavior in Bend, Oregon. ... more >>
document Better Streets, Better Cities, Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP), Environmental Planning Collaborative (EPC)
This manual is intended for planners, designers, engineers, government officials and citizens who are interested in improving the quality of urban environments and the character of streets in our cities. ... more >>
document Bicycle Helmets, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The report outlines the importance of bicycle helmets, from good fit to frequent use, and gives statistics related to their use. ... more >>
document Signalized Intersection Enhancements that Benefit Pedestrians, America Walks, Fehr and Peers
This resource summarizes treatments for improving pedestrian safety at signalized intersections. ... more >>
document Going on a Road Diet, Public Roads Magazine
Lane reduction can increase safety for pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorists while improving the quality of life in downtowns across the country. ... more >>
web Database of Dutch Laws for Various Travel Modes, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This database of laws and measures can be searched by multiple variables, including mode of travel, time period, and type of law. ... more >>
document Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2012 Benchmarking Report, Alliance for Biking and Walking
The benchmarking report analyzes bicycling and walking mode share, safety, and funding data across the US. ... more >>
web Dutch Data Sources, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
Provides links to dozens of organizations and data sources that SWOV uses in its research. ... more >>
web Surface Transportation Environment and Planning (STEP) Cooperative Research Program, Federal Highway Administration
The general objective of the STEP is to improve understanding of the complex relationship between surface transportation, planning and the environment. ... more >>
document Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA's aggressive approach to reducing the fatality rate in 13 States and 5 municipalities is showing promising results. ... more >>
web Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV) Online Library, Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This searchable database provides a one-stop location for all of SWOV-produced research materials. ... more >>
document New Zealand Pedestrian Profile, National Pedestrian Project of New Zealand
This Profile aims to make visible the extent and importance of pedestrian activity and injury in New Zealand. ... more >>
document Safety and Operational Analysis of 4-lane to 3-lane Conversions (Road Diets) in Michigan, Michigan State University
This paper provides an evaluation of road diet treatments in several locations in Michigan. ... more >>
web American College of Sports Medicine, American College of Sports Medicine
The college publishes several journals that report recent research and new developments on physical fitness and the health benefits of active living. The current contents of these journals can be browsed online. ... more >>
document Integration of Bicycling and Walking Facilities into the Infrastructure of Urban Communities, Mineta Transportaton Institute
This project highlights best practices and identifies program characteristics associated with high levels of nonmotorized travel, with an emphasis on bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
document Walking and Cycling in the United States, 2001–2009, American Journal of Public Health
This paper examines trends in walking and bicycling based on data collected in the 2001 and 2009 National Household Travel Surveys. ... more >>
web Data from Healthy People 2010, US Department of Health and Human Services
This site tracks the success of the Healthy People 2010 objectives developed to improve the health of Americans by the year 2010, including the 10 leading health indicators, major data sources, DATA2010 from the The National Center for Health Statistics ( ... more >>
multimedia Materials for Hispanic Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration
This page contains PDF files of Spanish-language brochures, posters, flyers, and radio public service announcements targeted at the Hispanic population. ... more >>
document Deployment of Practical Methods for Counting Bicycle and Pedestrian Use of a Transportation Facility, University of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies
This paper presents a method for counting pedestrians and bicyclists using video data. ... more >>
document New Jersey Safety along Railroads: Short-Term Action Plan, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This action plan was developed to improve pedestrian safety near rail corridors in New Jersey. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Alternative Pedestrian Traffic Control Devices, Oregon Department of Transportation
This report summarizes a field study and survey of two treatments in Oregon: Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons and Pedestrian Hybrid beacons. ... more >>
document Transportation and the New Generation, Frontier Group, US PIRG Education Fund
This paper explores trends in vehicle miles traveled among young people in the United States, and related impacts on policy. ... more >>
document Guidelines for Providing Access to Public Transportation Stations, Transportation Research Board, Transit Cooperative Research Program
This report presents guidelines for providing access to transit stations, and specifically addresses transit station access for pedestrians and bicyclists. ... more >>
document Proven Countermeasures for Pedestrian Safety, Public Roads Magazine, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA and many State DOTs are relying on the demonstrated effectiveness of medians and walkways to help protect those on foot. ... more >>
document Active Transportation Beyond Urban Centers, Rails to Trails Conservancy
This report highlights the importance of bicycling and walking outside of urban areas. ... more >>
web healthfinder, US Department of Health and Human Services
healthfinder is an award-winning Federal Web site for consumers, developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services together with other Federal agencies. Since 1997, healthfinder® has been recognized as a key resource for finding the best government and nonprofit health and human services information on the Internet. ... more >>
document Analyzing Trends in Walking,
This paper discusses the National Household Travel Survey and how changes in methodology impact data trends. ... more >>
document Guidance on Pedestrian Crossing Safety At or Near Passenger Stations, Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
This report provides implementation guidance to railroads on strategies and methods to prevent pedestrian accidents, incidents, injuries, and fatalities at or near passenger stations. ... more >>
document Review of Studies on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety, 1991-2007, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report reviews the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research literature in print as of 2007. It summarizes and synthesizes the key studies, evaluates existing knowledge and identifies research gaps and provides recommendations for future direction. ... more >>
document Community Design and the Incidence of Crashes Involving Pedestrians and Motorists Aged 75 and Over, University Transportation Center for Mobility, Texas Transportation Institute (TTI)
This study employs a series of negative binomial regression models to understand how urban form may affect the incidence of total and killed-or-severely-injured (KSI) crashes involving older drivers and pedestrians. ... more >>
document Safety Effects of In-Roadway Warning Lights or “Flashing Crosswalk” Treatment, UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This review of nine before-after evaluation studies indicates that this treatment is not a panacea for all problem crosswalk locations. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety Roadmap & Resource Catalog, Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)'s Pedestrian Safety Roadmap & Resource Catalog is divided into these six helpful sections: 1. Making a Commitment: Motivate key decision-makers to take action in making your community safer and more walkable. ... more >>
document Guide for Review and Assessment of Local Mobility Plans, Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), Center for Urban Transportation Research
This report sets forth a proposed practice to guide the review of mobility plans with respect to supporting alternative modes, reducing vehicle miles of travel, and enhancing the multimodal environment. ... more >>
document How Far, By Which Route, and Why?, Mineta Transportation Institute
The report examines the distance pedestrians walk to rail transit stations and the environmental factors that influence their route choice. ... more >>
web Physical Activity and Children and Adolescents, Georgetown University Maternal and Child Health Library
This resource outlines high-quality resources that analyze data, describe public health campaigns and other promotion programs, and report on research aimed at identifying strategies for increasing physical activity. ... more >>
web CDC Transportation Recommendations, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
These policy recommendations include promoting active transportation options, such as walking and bicycling, for improving health and quality of life. ... more >>
document Leveraging the Partnership: DOT, HUD and EPA Programs for Sustainable Communities, US Department of Transportation (DOT), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
This guide is intended to help communities identify federal resources available to support efforts to promote livable and sustainable communities. ... more >>
document Why Communities & States Need Bicycle and Pedestrian Staff, League of American Bicyclists (LAB), Alliance for Bicycling and Walking
Bicycle and pedestrian program managers are common in U.S. cities and, along with other transportation planners and bicycling advocates, are a critical part of creating a bicycle-friendly community. ... more >>
document New Zealand Pedestrian Crossing Facility Calculation Tool, Land Transport New Zealand
This tool can be used to calculate delay, safety, and benefit cost for potential pedestrian facilities in New Zealand. ... more >>
document New Zealand Non-Motorised User Review Procedures, Land Transport New Zealand
This process ensures that the needs of people who wish to walk, cycle or, where relevant, ride a horse, are considered when works are being planned and designed. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Guidelines, Carson Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (CAMPO)
The primary goal of these guidelines is to offer recommendations on how to enhance the pedestrian safety within the CAMPO area. ... more >>
web New Zealand Community Street Reviews, New Zealand Land Transport
This survey combines an audit process with rating scales that indicate the level of service perceived by the users and the relative importance of fixing the defects identified. ... more >>
document State Indicator Report on Physical Activity 2010, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The 2010 State Indicator Report provides information on physical activity behavior and policy and environmental supports within each state. ... more >>
document Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom, provided with a comprehensive list of references. ... more >>
document The National Bicycling and Walking Study: 15-Year Status Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This update to the National Bicycling and Walking Study reports progress toward two national goals of increasing mode share while reducing fatalities and injuries. ... more >>
document Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This report oulines and describes the six primary areas of Canadian pedestrian safety research. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety in Sweden, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries. ... more >>
document Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety in Australia, Federal Highway Adminstration (FHWA)
This report explores pedestrian safety in Australia, and focuses on Local Area Traffic Management and other innovative traffic calming measures. ... more >>
document Informational Report on Lighting Design for Midblock Crosswalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides information on lighting parameters and design criteria that should be considered when installing fixed roadway lighting for midblock crosswalks. ... more >>
document Accessible Pedestrian Signals: A Guide to Best Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
Provides training information for engineers, orientation and mobility specialists, and signal technicians on when, where, and how to install accessible pedestrian signals (APS). ... more >>
document Developing Successful Bicycle/Pedestrian Commuter Programs, Florida Institute for Marketing Alternative Transportation
This booklet is designed to provide employers with the framework needed to institute a successful bicycle/pedestrian commuter program. ... more >>
document Street Design Guidelines for Healthy Neighborhoods, Walkable Communities, Inc.
Reflecting the current shifts in thinking about neighborhood and street design, these guidelines identify ways to design new neighborhoods that will be more interactive, walkable, enjoyable and livable. ... more >>
document City of Kirkland Walkable Community Profile, City of Kirkland
This brochure highlights some of the efforts taken to promote a walkable, healthy community in Kirkland, Washington. ... more >>
document The National Bicycling and Walking Study, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans. ... more >>
web National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project, Alta Planning & Design, Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This nationwide effort provides a consistent model of data collection and ongoing data for use by planners, governments, and bicycle and pedestrian professionals. ... more >>
document Walking and Cycling to Health, American Journal of Public Health
This study sought to determine the magnitude, direction, and statistical significance of the relationship between active travel and rates of physical activity, obesity, and diabetes. ... more >>
document Stop Neighborhood Speeding, Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety (PEDS)
This flier explains how community members can create safer streets by lowering automobile speeds. ... more >>
document What Georgia Drivers Must Know About Pedestrians, Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety (PEDS)
Aimed at drivers, this flier explains Georgia's laws concerning safe and legal behavior around pedestrians. ... more >>
web Walk ON,
Walk ON is a partnership committed to engaging the community in the creation of environments that support walking. ... more >>
web International Federation of Pedestrians,
The goals of the International Federation of Pedestrians (IFP) are to promote and to defend the pedestrian's right to full access and mobility. ... more >>
web Living Streets,
Living Streets is a national charity committed to promoting access and safety in public places. ... more >>
document Active Transportation for America, Rails to Trails Conservancy
Investment in a more diverse transportation system - one that provides viable choices to walk and bike - will lead to a far more efficient use of transportation resources. ... more >>
multimedia Bicycle/Pedestrian Planning Strategies, Center for Transportation and the Environment
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA- LU), passed by Congress in 2005, provides new provisions and expands previous legislation that support bicycle and pedestrian programming, ... more >>
multimedia Transportation and Public Health, Center for Transportation and the Environment
This broadcast will feature representatives from federal and state transportation agencies as well as researchers from universities and the Centers for Disease Control to discuss the current state of the science and future research needs with regard to transportation and public health issues. ... more >>
document New Zealand Pedestrian Planning and Design Guide, New Zealand Transport Agency
This guide outlines a process for deciding on the type of provision that should be made for pedestrians and provides design advice and standards. ... more >>
document Bicycling and Walking in the Nineties and Beyond, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary output of this Scandinavian activity is the expertise gained in new techologies, practices, and policies, and the examination of their suitability for application in the US. ... more >>
document FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in England, Germany, and The Netherlands, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report documents the findings of a US team that visited England, the Netherlands, and Germany, to learn about policies for improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety. ... more >>
document The Truth about Lane Widths, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths. ... more >>
document Sunday Parkways: Helping Minority Communities Connect to Bicycling and Walking, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Active Transportation Alliance believed that a Sunday Parkways program can connect diverse communities to bicycling, walking, and physical activity. ... more >>
web Traffic Safety Fact Sheets, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This site contains links to annual NHTSA traffic safety fact sheets from 1993 to the current year for pedestrians, cyclists (pedalcyclists), school transportation, and others. ... more >>
document Walk Wise, Drive Smart, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
"Walk Wise, Drive Smart" was created to improve pedestrian safety and walkability for older adults in the greater Hendersonville, North Carolina community. ... more >>
document Green Ribbon Month, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community groups, schools, and government agencies cooperate on a "Green Ribbon" public awareness campaign to successfully improve pedestrian safety at school zone intersections. ... more >>
document Literature Review on Vehicle Travel Speeds and Pedestrian Injuries Among Selected Racial/Ethnic Groups, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The relationship between vehicle travel speeds and resulting pedestrian injury was reviewed in the literature and in existing data sets. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures and Their Effects on Crashes and Injuries, Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the safety benefits of road diets. ... more >>
web Institute of Transportation Engineers Traffic Calming Library, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Federal Highway Administration
The Traffic Calming Library contains a searchable database of reports, articles and other documents related to traffic calming. In some cases the full publication is available online and in others only a source listing or abstract is available. ... more >>
web What Do Traffic Crashes Cost?, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report updates the national estimates of employer costs of crashes presented in Traffic Safety and Health Care: State and National Estimates of Employer Costs and adds estimates of employer costs by industry. ... more >>
document Accommodating Pedestrians in Work Zones, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure provides some helpful guidelines that can be used to accommodate pedestrians in work zones. ... more >>
document National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study. ... more >>
document Zone Guide for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This guide describes what zoning is and explains how to design and use pedestrian safety zones to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of pedestrian safety programs. ... more >>
web Worker Safety, Federal Highway Administration
There are regulations and available resources that can specifically help workers perform their jobs safely. ... more >>
document Accessible Pedestrian Signals, United States Access Board
This document provides a guide to planners on accessible pedestrian signals. ... more >>
document Safety Effectiveness of the HAWK Pedestrian Crossing Treatment, Federal Highway Administration
A before-after study of the safety performance of the HAWK was conducted. ... more >>
web PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. The online tools provide the user with a list of possible engineering, ... more >>
document Environmental and Policy Determinants of Physical Activity in the United States, American Journal of Public Health
This study examined (1) descriptive patterns in perceived environmental and policy determinants of physical activity and (2) associations between these factors and behavior. The full text can be obtained through the American Journal of Public Health at the link below. ... more >>
document Walkability Checklist, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Includes questions to evaluate a neighborhood's walkability as well as solutions to a neighborhood's potential problems. ... more >>
multimedia GIS Tools for Improving Pedestrian and Bike Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This TechBrief discusses the use of GIS software to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety. ... more >>
document Walk Card (Spanish), Florida Department of Transportation
These cards explain pedestrian signals in Spanish. ... more >>
web Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES) promotes walking, bicycling, and the development of accessible recreation facilities. ... more >>
document Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
The guidance supplied in this document is based on established U.S. and international practices and is supplemented by recent research. ... more >>
document Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2007, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Synthesis Report, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices; ... more >>
document GIS-Based Crash Referencing and Analysis System, Federal Highway Administration
This paper summarizes efforts to develop a crash referencing and analysis system within GIS. ... more >>
document Passive Pedestrian Detection at Unsignalized Crossings, Oregon State University, DKS Associates, Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses a project conducted by the City of Portland to evaluate available sensor technologies for passive pedestrian detection, thedesign of a crossing to utilize these sensor technologies, ... more >>
document Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2008, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds. ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brief summary highlights the findings from the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes. ... more >>
document Ultra-Violet Headlamp Technology for Nighttime Enhancement of Fluorescent Roadway Delineation and Pedestrian Visibility, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Center for Applied Research, Federal Highway Administration
This study reports on the the first extensive field evaluation of the pedestrian safety benefits provided by UV headlamps. ... more >>
document Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2009, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds. ... more >>
web Americans with Disabilities Act and the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADA-ABA), United States Access Board
This document contains scoping and technical requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and elements by individuals with disabilities, particularly as applies to walking surfaces. ... more >>
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This document covers the history of the TE program, how TE funds are distributed, the project development process, and provides fifteen case studies of outstanding TE projects across the country. ... more >>
document Communities Benefit! The Social and Economic Benefits of Transportation Enhancements, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report showcases ten outstanding Transportation Enhancements projects from around the country, highlighting economic and social impacts on local communities. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Data Collection in United States Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study presents methods for collection of pedestrian and bicycle data. ... more >>
document Guidelines for Developing Traffic Safety Educational Materials for Spanish-Speaking Audiences, Education Development Center, Inc., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This guidebook is designed for organizations seeking to create, or to help others create, culturally and linguistically appropriate traffic safety educational materials for Spanish-speaking audiences. ... more >>
document Designing for Active Recreation, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what constitutes an "activity-friendly environment" for recreational physical activity. ... more >>
document Innovative Financing for TE Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
A series of procedural innovations applied to TE over the years improved the ability of project sponsors and state Departments of Transportation (DOT) to implement projects. ... more >>
document Designing for Active Transportation, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what makes a community "walkable" or "bikeable," so people can get physical activity as part of their daily routine - ... more >>
document Law Enforcement Pedestrian Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This manual is designed as a resource for police agencies needing to solve unfamiliar traffic safety problems. ... more >>
document Innovations in State TE Management, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Additional streamlining, innovative financing, and cost-sharing provisions applied specifically for TE activities. ... more >>
document Guide for the Planning, Design and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, The American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
The purpose of this guide is to provide guidance on the planning, design, and operation of pedestrian facilities along streets and highways. ... more >>
document Designing to Reduce Childhood Obesity, Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what environmental factors may be related to young people's eating and physical activity patterns. ... more >>
document Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Innovative partnerships with state Departments of Transportation (DOT) and other government organizations can help sponsors raise necessary funding, as can savvy networking. ... more >>
web Ice, snow and slippery sidewalks: For many seniors, winter is "hip season", University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
This article focuses on hazardous winter walking conditions and the effect they have on the senior population. ... more >>
document Highway Safety Needs of U.S. Hispanic Communities: Issues and Strategies, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report discusses the highway safety needs of Hispanic communities. ... more >>
web Impaired Pedestrians, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Fact sheet on crashes involving impaired pedestrians. ... more >>
document A Citizen's Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended to help community members understand how transportation decisions are made at the local, state, and national levels. ... more >>
document Active Living Research Briefing, Active Living Research
This summary is an overview of peer-reviewed research from health, transportation, and recreation literature about active living and activity-friendly environments. ... more >>
web Funding Sources for Bicycle and Pedestrian Projects, Federal Highway Administration
This page lists and describes various sources of federal funding for bicycle and pedestrian projects. ... more >>
document Compilation of Pedestrian Devices in Use at Grade Crossings, Federal Railroad Administration
This document was developed as a first step in providing future guidance for the selection and installation of pedestrian traffic control devices at railroad grade crossing. ... more >>
document New York City's Summer Streets, New York City, New York
New York City's Summer Streets program that showcased car-free streets several days during the summer. ... more >>
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Overview of Methods, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. The guidebook describes and compares the various methods that can be used to forecast non- ... more >>
web National Safety Council, National Safety Council
This site contains upcoming events, headline news, safety fact sheets, a safety product buyer's guide, an online library, and online training courses, in addition to information about services offered including consulting, ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Types of the Early 1990s, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research applied basic NHTSA pedestrian and bicyclist typologies to a sample of crashes to refine and update the crash type distributions. ... more >>
document Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
The FHWA University Course contains modular resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Caution, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish. ... more >>
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, & Gaps, USDOT and Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This review of existing data and data needs was based on outreach to user groups that included planners, advocates, and researchers at federal, state, and local government agencies, universities, and nonprofit organizations. ... more >>
web National Safety Council Partnership for a Walkable America, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute for Transportation Engineers, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This site provides links to the International Walk to School website, a Walkability Checklist, and the ITE Pedestrian Project Awards. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Intoxication, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure educates pedestrians on the safety hazards of alcohol both in English and Spanish. ... more >>
web Transportation Research Board, Transportation Research Board
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. The site provides a wealth of documents online as well as books and journals for sale. ... more >>
web Office of Behavioral Safety Research Electronic Library of Publications, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA's Office of Behavioral Safety Research, in conjunction with the DOT Library, has established an electronic library of the Office's research publications. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Sidewalks and Crosswalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish and encourages pedestrians to walk facing traffic. ... more >>
document Guidance Memorandum on Consideration and Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures, Federal Highway Association
FHWA memo of action on consideration and implementation of proven safety countermeasures. ... more >>
web Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), Federal Highway Administration
The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) defines the standards used by road managers nationwide to install and maintain traffic control devices on all streets and highways. ... more >>
document Characteristics of Emerging Road Users and Their Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This study identifies the operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of trail and other nonmotorized transportation users. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Countermeasure Deployment Project, Federal Highway Administration
In 2002, the Federal Highway Administration awarded grants to the cities of San Francisco, Las Vegas and Miami to examine and map out their pedestrian crashes and develop a plan for deploying and evaluating various pedestrian safety countermeasures in high crash & ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Signals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure educates pedestrians about traffic signals both in English and Spanish. ... more >>
document Characteristics Related to Midblock Pedestrian-Vehicle Crashes and Potential Treatments,
The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the characteristics of midblock pedestrian crashes for use in determining appropriate safety treatments. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Supporting Documentation, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. Supporting Documentation provides substantially more detail on the methods including purpose, ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Flyer: Crosswalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
These flyers urge pedestrians to look both ways before stepping into the crosswalk in both English and Spanish. ... more >>
web Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV), Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
SWOV is an independent, scientific institute. SWOV's knowledge is public information and is made available to anyone who wants it, and is professionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands. ... more >>
document Livability in Transportation Guidebook, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administration
The Guidebook provides examples of communities that have approached today's new livability in transportation context with innovative and practical strategies, using the transportation planning process to guide successful project implementation. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Flyer: Crosswalks and Signals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
These flyers urge pedestrians to make eye contact before crossing the road. In English and Spanish. ... more >>
document Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking, Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Flyer: Intoxication, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
"Every seven minutes a pedestrian is killed or injured in a crash. Almost half are under the influence of alcohol." These flyers promote pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish. ... more >>
document Evaluating the Impact of Neighborhood Trail Development on Active Travel Behavior and Overall Physical Activity of Suburban Residents, Transportation Research Board
In this pilot project, a longitudinal design is used to assess a trail construction impact on active travel behavior and overall physical activity among suburban residents. ... more >>
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the effects of pedestrians and bicyclists on the capacity of signalized intersections. These procedures augment the existing Highway Capacity Manual signalized intersection Level of Service procedures for locations with substantial pedestrian and/ ... more >>
web The Walking School Bus: Combining Safety, Fun and the Walk to School, National Center for Safe Routes to School
This guide outlines the benefits of starting a walking school bus or bike train and points to consider before launching one. Describes two general ways to conduct a walking school bus along with benefits and considerations of each. ... more >>
document Injury to Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the current study was to broaden understanding about the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Flyer: Sidewalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
These flyers encourage pedestrians to walk facing traffic both in English and Spanish. ... more >>
web AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This site provides education and research material to government agencies, educational institutions, advocacy organizations, and schools. ... more >>
web Benefits of Complete Streets, National Complete Streets Coalition
A series of fact sheets covering topics such as economic revitalization, climate change, and health and the benefits of complete streets. ... more >>
document Biligual Pedestrian Poster: Caution, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster encourages pedestrians to take care when crossing the street in Spanish and English. ... more >>
web Active Living Network Storybank, Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment. ... more >>
document Public Lighting for Safe and Attractive Pedestrian Areas, NZ Transport Agency
This report adds to the understanding of public lighting for safe and attractive pedestrian areas ... more >>
document International Synthesis Report: United Kingdom, Federal Highway Administration
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom. A comprehensive list of references is provided. The report covers many types of pedestrian facilities, the UK pedestrian safety record, ... more >>
document Guidelines and Recommendations to Accommodate Older Drivers and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 1998. ... more >>
document Sight Line - Designing Streets for People with Low Vision, Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment
A pioneering study that shows how better street design can transform life for people with low vision, helping them to become more confident and more mobile. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Strategic Planning Research Workshops, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents a summary of the workshop activities, recommendations from the participants, and a series of white papers on a variety of pedestrian and bicycle issues requiring further research. ... more >>
document International Synthesis Report: Canada, Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Canadian research on pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Poster: Crosswalks and Signals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster teaches pedestrians to not assume drivers will stop before the crosswalk. In Spanish and English. ... more >>
graphic Maybe They'll Catch a Train Poster, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This poster educates people about the dangers of walking on railroad bridges. ... more >>
document International Synthesis Report: Sweden, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Poster: Intoxication, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster educates pedestrians about the safety hazards of alcohol. In Spanish and English. ... more >>
document Recommended Procedures for Testing and Evaluating Detectable Warning Systems, Transportation Research Board
This report presents a set of recommended test methods for evaluating durability of detectable warning systems. ... more >>
document International Synthesis Report: Netherlands, Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references. ... more >>
document Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Poster: Sidewalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster urges pedestrians to walk facing traffic. In Spanish and English. ... more >>
web American Council of the Blind--Pedestrian Safety, American Council of the Blind
The American Council of the Blind is the nation's leading membership organization of blind and visually impaired people. ... more >>
document Improving Pedestrian Conditions on a High Traffic Arterial, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
San Francisco's 19th Avenue/Park Presidio Boulevard is a major multi-use transportation corridor with many issues including heavy traffic, difficult pedestrian crossings, and unwelcoming design features. ... more >>
document International Synthesis Report: Australia, Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Australian research and activities regarding pedestrian safety. ... more >>
multimedia Hispanic Radio Public Service Announcement #1, Federal Highway Administration
This public service announcement is intended for broadcast on hispanic radio. It uses a small dramatized conversation between two women to highlight the necessity of respecting traffic signals and of looking both ways before crossing the road. ... more >>
multimedia An Evaluation of 3D/4D Visualization: North & South Roosevelt Blvds. Key West, Florida, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) & Florida Department of Transportation
This CD-ROM documents the process that is involved in the use of 3D and 4D visualization technologies. ... more >>
multimedia Hispanic Radio Public Service Announcement #2, Federal Highway Administration
This public service announcement is intended for broadcast on hispanic radio. It uses a small dramatized conversation between two men on their way to work to illustrate the need to respect traffic signals and look both ways before crossing the road, ... more >>
document Smart Growth Implementation Assistance in Teton County, Idaho, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The towns of Victor and Driggs applied for assistance from the Environmental Protection Agency's Smart Growth Implementation Assistance (SGIA) program which provides direct technical assistance to state and local governments. ... more >>
document Making Streets Safer for Seniors on Foot, Highway Safety Research Center
Older walkers face the same dangers as younger pedestrians but often have less physical agility to cope with those dangers. This news style article written for the Partnership for a Walkable America discusses the challenges for elderly pedestrians. ... more >>
document Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design on Rural Multilane Highways, Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effects of various cross-section-related design elements on accident frequency and developed an accident prediction model for rural, multilane, nonfreeway highways. ... more >>
document Perils for Pedestrians, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Monthly public access television show produced in Bethesda educates viewers on pedestrian safety and solution through local and international examples. ... more >>
web America Walks, The National Coalition of Walking Advocates
America Walks provides a support network for local pedestrian advocacy groups and offers advice how to get started and how to be effective with public officials and engineering and design professionals. ... more >>
document 'Cops in Crosswalks': Pedestrian Decoy Enforcement in New Jersey, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The New Jersey Pedestrian Decoy Safety Program, 'Cops in Crosswalks,' worked to raise awareness of pedestrian safety and new driving laws regarding crosswalks. ... more >>
document Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes. ... more >>
document Phoenix School Safety Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Phoenix task force results in successful statewide program for improving pedestrian safety in school zones through education, enforcement, and multiple engineering measures. ... more >>
web Motor-Vehicle-Related Deaths Involving Intoxicated Pedestrians, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This article from the Centers for Disease Control's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report provides statistics on motor-vehicle-related deaths involving intoxicated pedestrians between 1982 and 1992. ... more >>
document Elementary School Crosswalk Enhancement Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Raised crosswalks, gap-fill sidewalk construction, bollards, and other engineering measures combined with education plaques and brochures to improve pedestrian safety near schools in Bellevue. ... more >>
web Sidewalk Assessment Tool, University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health
Tool developed by the University of South Carolina Prevention Research Center to assess the maintenance of sidewalks and provide an index score for comparing different sidewalk conditions. ... more >>
document Cross the Street As If Your Life Depends On It, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Injury Prevention Coalition uses dramatic poster and movie theatre advertisement to inform and educate the public about pedestrian safety in Greater Toronto. ... more >>
document National Pedestrian Crash Report, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Analyzed trends in pedestrian fatalities and police-reported motor vehicle crashes involving a pedestrian in the US. Pedestrian fatalities declined between 1997 and 2006. The probability of a pedestrian fatality increased. ... more >>
document Synthesis of Active Traffic Management Experiences in Europe and the United States, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides a compilation of lessons learned, experiences, operational results, and benefits associated with active traffic management applications. ... more >>
web Active Community Environments (ACES) Community Assessment, Eat Smart Move More North Carolina
Tool developed by the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services to assess the health of a community and identify ways to increase opportunities for physical activity in the community. ... more >>
multimedia Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT), Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists. ... more >>
document The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Highway Safety Problem as it Relates to the Hispanic Population in the United States, Center for Applied Research, Inc., Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the level of involvement of Hispanics in pedestrian and bicycle crashes. ... more >>
document Crosswalk Marking Field Visibility Study, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this study was to investigate the relative daytime and nighttime visibility of three crosswalk marking patterns: transverse lines, continental, and bar pairs. ... more >>
document An Evaluation of Illuminated Pedestrian Push Buttons in Windsor, Ontario, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper evaluates illuminated push buttons at four intersections in Windsor, Ontario. The research reported here is part of a larger national effort to evaluate the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian treatments: ... more >>
document Pedestrian Crosswalk Case Studies, Highway Safety Administration
The overall objective of the research was to determine the effect of crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at unsignalized intersections. ... more >>
document Comprehensive School-Age Pedestrian Safety Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian safety integrated into Orange County, Florida, school curriculum and projects through the work of a safety team comprised of police officers, firemen, engineers, school officials, and advocacy group members. ... more >>
web Keystone Healthy Routes Neighborhood Assessment, Hamer Center for Community Design Assistance, Penn State
A series of tools to measure the safety and health of various communities, from rural, to suburban, to urban. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Automated Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections, Federal Highway Administration
Automated pedestrian detection systems provide the means to detect the presence of pedestrians as they approach the curb prior to crossing the street, and then "call" the Walk signal without any action required on the part of the pedestrian. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide, Highway Safety Research Center
This guide provides useful information regarding walkable environments, pedestrian crashes and their countermeasures, and engineering improvements for pedestrians. ... more >>
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Burlington uses an annual pedestrian safety campaign, including education, enforcement, and engineering measures, to institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety in the community. ... more >>
web Worksite Walkability Audit Tool, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Instrument developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the walkability surrounding a workplace. ... more >>
document Effects of Yellow Rectangular Rapid-Flashing Beacons on Yielding at Multilane Uncontrolled Crosswalks, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study examined the effects of the RRFB at uncontrolled marked crosswalks. ... more >>
document An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists, Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Enforcement DVDs, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian and bicycle safety enforcement DVDs used in Wisconsin to educate and train local traffic officers, drivers education students, and members of the general public. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Recommendations for Research and Product Development, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Strategic Plan identifies 28 new research topics to address four primary categories of research needs. ... more >>
document Walk Safe Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A comprehensive study of pedestrian crash data is used to develop an injury prevention program at Miami-Dade County schools. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Background Report, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This Background Report provides the knowledge base behind the Strategic Plan and documents the activities and findings of the project that support the development of the Plan. ... more >>
document An Analysis of Factors Contributing to "Walking Along Roadway" Crashes: Research Study and Guidelines for Sidewalks and Walkways, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study for the Federal Highway Administration was conducted to determine the roadway, traffic, and socio-economic factors related to pedestrian "walking along roadway" crashes involving motor vehicles. ... more >>
document Street Smarts, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian crash data used to identify problem areas in San Jose, and a comprehensive Street Smarts campaign is used to educate children and the public. ... more >>
document Evaluation of HAWK Signal at Georgia Avenue and Hemlock Street, NW in the District of Columbia, District Department of Transportation
A High-intensity Activated crossWalK (HAWK) signal was installed at an intersection in Washington DC to reduce incidences of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts as well as overall crashes involving pedestr ... more >>
document Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This document contains both new and revised procedures for analyzing various types of exclusive and mixed-use pedestrian facilities. It also includes a comprehensive set of recommended service measures of effectiveness, ... more >>
document Let's Walk Downtown, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
State and local officials participate in the "Walk There!" challenge to publicize and promote walking in Atlanta. ... more >>
document Walk Oakland! Map and Guide, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Walk Oakland! promotes walking and bicycling through a map that includes walking and bicycle routes, pedestrian and bicycle safety tips, and community information. ... more >>
document Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-on-Red Intersections (Final Report), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this study was to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian accidents, and develop guidelines for prohibition of RTOR. ... more >>
document Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marked crosswalks at uncontrolled locations are safer than unmarked crosswalks under various traffic and roadway conditions. Another objective was to providerecommendations on how to provide safer crossings for pedestrians. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Safety, Design, and Operation of Shared Use Paths, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ... more >>
document Missoula Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Missoula combines radio and television announcements with targeted enforcement to increase yielding rates of drivers for pedestrians in crosswalks. ... more >>
web Bus Stop Checklist, Easter Seals Project Action, Federal Transit Administration
Tool developed by Easter Seals Project Action to evaluate pedestrian access features and connections, assess passenger comfort amenities, evaluate safety and security features, and document information features. ... more >>
document The Effects of Innovative Pedestrian Signs at Unsignalized Locations: A Tale of Three Treatments, Federal Highway Administration
This paper is part of a national-level research effort to evaluate the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian treatments, and summarizes past research in this field. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety in Native America, Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States. ... more >>
document Look Out For Each Other, Share the Responsibility, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Television, radio, billboards, and other publicizing methods are used in Edmonton, along with targeted enforcement, to reduce pedestrian collisions and fatalities. ... more >>
document Arlington County Bus Stop Assessment, Florida Department of Transportation
Tool included in the 2003 Florida Department of Transportation study, Safer Stops for Vulnerable Customers, used to assess bus stop locations, surroundings landing areas, connections, amenities, seating, ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety on Rural Highways, Federal Highway Administration
The research described in this paper sought to identify the characteristics of rural pedestrian fatalities in ten states with above-average rates of rural pedestrian fatalities. ... more >>
document Let the Bus Go, Then You Go, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Transit agency in Toledo partners with local schools and police department to produce a safety video and campaign for safe pedestrian activity near buses. ... more >>
document Universal Design Audit Checklist, Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access
Tool developed by the Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access to assess the design of a facility for universal access. ... more >>
document An Evaluation of High-Visibility Crosswalk Treatment, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The overall objective was to evaluate the effect of a novel illuminated overhead crosswalk sign and high-visibility ladder style crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at nonsignalized intersections in Clearwater, ... more >>
web Pedsmart, Highway Safety Research Center
Explores the recent developments in hardware and other technologies offering the potential of improving pedestrian safety and access by addressing specific problems associated with crossing the street. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Education in a San Diego County School, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Bilingual presentations at schools in low-income communities teach children proper pedestrian safety through video clips of their local neighborhoods. ... more >>
document Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America, AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians. ... more >>
document Trail User Counts and Surveys, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Ozaukee Interurban Trail is a 30-mile shared-use trail that connects six communities in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin. ... more >>
document Walking and Cycling for Healthy Cities, Built Environment
Walking and cycling are the healthiest ways to get around our cities, providing valuable physical activity for people on a daily basis. ... more >>
web Regulatory Negotiation Committee on Accessibility Guidelines for Outdoor Developed Areas, United States Access Board
Evaluates requirements for access to outdoor facilities and those listed under Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG). ... more >>
document Healthy Aging Research Network Environmental Audit Tool and Protocol, Healthy Aging Network
Tool developed by the Healthy Aging Network to quantitatively and qualitatively assess community-scale and street-scale factors associated with physical activity in older adults. ... more >>
document Getting Back on Track: Aligning State Transportation Policy with Climate Change Goal, Smart Growth America
This report examines what states are doing to curb emissions caused by transportation. ... more >>
web Community Toolbox, National Park Service
The Community Toolbox is a set of techniques for project development and community participation. There are tools to get organized and aid with events, outreach, publicity, decision making, and more. ... more >>
document Local Street Improvements Make Walking Safer and Easier, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Addition of curbs and planting strips make sidewalks safer and more attractive to pedestrians in a low-income Seattle neighborhood. ... more >>
document Smart Traffic Signal System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Installation of smart traffic signal system at busy intersections in Northern Virginia makes crossing safer. ... more >>
web Stepping Out, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This web page will tell you how to maintain your safety while walking - whether you are walking for exercise or to run errands. ... more >>
document Bringing Life to Transportation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
City of Tucson uses European signal systems -- PELICAN, HAWK, TOCAN, and PUFFIN -- and education program to improve pedestrian safety and fatality rate. ... more >>
document Ke Ala Hele Makalae Trail, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to guarantee public access to the coast for current and future residents, private landowners and city officials worked together to develop a multi-use path along Kauai's southeastern shore. ... more >>
document Walking and Cycling International Literature Review, Victoria Department of Transport
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation. ... more >>
web Sustaining and Growing an Organization, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A guide to creating, sustaining, and growing an organization, with emphasis placed on computers, staff, volunteers, and members. ... more >>
document A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in the United States, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes the available information on modeling bicycle and pedestrian trip data. ... more >>
document Info 2 Share, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Combination of low-cost engineering, education, and high-level enforcement reduce jaywalking and pedestrian fatalities on corridor in New Jersey. ... more >>
document Route 71 Pedestrian Tunnel at Monmouth University, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Underpass constructed at a high-volume street at Monmouth University eliminates growing pedestrian-vehicle conflicts. ... more >>
document Safety Benefits of Walkways, Sidewalks, and Paved Shoulders, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Providing walkways separated from the travel lanes could help to prevent up to 88 percent of these "walking along roadway" crashes. ... more >>
web International Walk to School, National Center for Safe Routes to School, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The official website of International Walk to School. ... more >>
document WALKArlington Pedestrian Initiative, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
WALKArlington initiative provides new signs, signals, and Light Emitting Diode (LED) crosswalks in an attempt to increase walking and reduce pedestrian crashes in rapidly urbanizing Arlington County. ... more >>
web Complete the Streets, National Complete Streets Coalition
This site contains design guides, training materials, illustrative presentations, susccessful case studies, and further resources on creating complete streets. ... more >>
document 28th Street Multi-Modal Improvements, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A busy automobile oriented street in Colorado that connects Boulder to Rocky Mountain National Park and Denver gets a makeover to become a "Complete Street." ... more >>
document Safety Benefits of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas, Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) strongly encourages the use of raised medians (or refuge areas) in curbed sections of multi-lane roadways in urban and suburban areas. ... more >>
document Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Synthesis and Guide to Best Practice, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This document provides background information on how pedestrians who are blind or visually impaired cross streets, and how Accessible Pedestrian Signals assist this process. ... more >>
document The Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior, Highway Safety Administration
Whereas earlier studies usually focused on vehicle speeds and volumes, this study looked at motorist yielding and pedestrian crossing behavior, in addition to vehicle speeds. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Planning Group, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizen group partners whith government agencies in Bethlehem, NY to improve pedestrian safety through new sidewalks, signs, and institutionalized planning relationship. ... more >>
document Irondequoit Lakeside Multi-Use Trail, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Lacking sidewalks through a popular park led to the construction of a new trail that minimized the impact on sensitive wetlands and provided greater transportation alternatives. ... more >>
document Measuring Walking and Cycling Using the PABS (Pedestrian and Bicycling Survey) Approach, Mineta Transportation Institute
This project developed a low-budget survey method and related sampling strategy for communities to easily, affordably, and reliably document the amount of local walking and cycling happening among residents. ... more >>
web Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach, United States Department of Transportation
This policy statement adopted by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) offers recommendations to public agencies, professional associations, advocacy groups, and others for integrating bicycling and walking into the transportation mainstream. ... more >>
web The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
This website is the health, physical activity, fitness and sports information website of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. You can find out about the Council and its work, view its publications, ... more >>
document Camelback Pedestrian Underpass, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian underpass with multiple safety features used to connect high-traffic destinations under a six-lane street in Pheonix. ... more >>
web Keep Kids Alive Drive 25®, Keep Kids Alive Drive 25® (KKAD25)
Keep Kids Alive Drive 25® is a non-profit safety campaign targeting observance of the residential speed limit. The website provides promotional materials, ordering information, crash statistics, and other information. ... more >>
document Thurston Avenue Bridge Rehabilitation Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The only direct path for vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle traffic traveling between the main residence halls and the central academic campus of Cornell University was congested with high traffic volumes. ... more >>
document A Checklist for Accessible Sidewalks and Street Crossings, United States Access Board
ADA checklist for accessible sidewalks and street crossings. ... more >>
document Traffic Calming to Enhance Pedestrian Safety, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
New York village uses a roundabout, colored crosswalks, curb extensions, and other treatments to improve pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document A Resident's Guide for Creating Safe and Walkable Communities, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Guide includes information, ideas, and resources to help neighborhood residents learn about issues that affect walking conditions; find ways to address or prevent these problems; and promote pedestrian safety. ... more >>
web Building a True Community, US Access Board
The following report is a recommendation for a new national set of guidelines that define the details necessary to make the streetscapes in public rights-of-way accessible to all users. ... more >>
web Tip # 8, Kids on the Move: Walking and Bicycling Safely, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Web-based tip sheet for parents highlights what parents need to know to enable their children to walk and bike safely. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 1: Reasons Why Bicycling and Walking Are And Are Not Being Used More Extensively as Travel Modes, Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses current levels of bicycling and walking for utilitarian and recreational purposes and assesses the potential for increased usage. Part and parcel of this is an exploration of the major demand constratints on non- ... more >>
document Norfolk Pedestrian Safety Initiatives, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Significant population growth in Norfolk requires pedestrian safety measures to accommodate growing and diverse pedestrian population. ... more >>
web National Trails Training Partnership (NTTP), National Trails Training Partnership
The National Trails Training Partnership provides technical assistance and resources for trails and greenways. ... more >>
document Severance Circle Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shopping mall that is unfriendly to pedestrian and bicycle use is retrofitted with sidewalks, pedestrian activated crossings, bicycle paths, and numerous other safety measures. ... more >>
web Detectable Warnings Memorandum and Synthesis, United States Department of Transportaion, Federal Highway Administration
Americans with Disabilities Act Title II Memorandum concerning the use of detectable warnings, specifically truncated domes. ... more >>
document Eighth United States-Japan Workshop on Advanced Technology in Highway Engineering, Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes the 8th U.S.- Japan Workshop on Pedestrian and Nighttime Safety. Focus areas included general trends in the U.S. and Japan, funding, disabled and elderly pedestrians, Geographic Information Systems ( ... more >>
document Case Study No. 2: The Training Needs of Transportation Professionals Regarding the Pedestrian and Bicyclist, Federal Highway Administration
At the time of the publication of this paper, most American college transportation planning and engineering programs paid attention only to the automobile mode, with an elective course offered on transit design. ... more >>
document On the Move: by Foot, Department for Transport
This document suggests how we might both improve conditions for walking and increase the number of journeys made on foot. ... more >>
document Crossing Solutions at Roundabouts and Channelized Turn Lanes for Pedestrians with Vision Disabilities, Transportation Research Board
This report explores concerns over the accessibility of two complex intersection forms for blind pedestrians: intersections with channelized right turn lanes and roundabouts with one-lane and two-lane approaches. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 3: What Needs to Be Done to Promote Bicycling and Walking?, Federal Highway Administration
This study explores way to promote bicycling and walking as partners in a balanced, diversified transportation system. ... more >>
document Tempe Crosscut Canal Multi-Use Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use path in Tempe provides locally relevant public art and creates pedestrian and bicycle connections to neighborhoods and transit. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Crash Trends and Potential Countermeasures from Around the World, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as Vulnerable Road Users (VRU), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 4: Measures to Overcome Impediments to Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This case study is designed as a resource to assist policymakers, facility planners, and public officials in developing programs to make thses modes more accessible to the general public. Findings are based on a detailed analysis of these relevant written studies, ... more >>
document Saranac Lake River Walk, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian and environmentally friendly riverwalk in Saranac Lake transforms downtown river into a community asset. ... more >>
web KidsWalk-to-School, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This is a community-based program that aims to increase opportunities for daily physical activity by encouraging children to walk to and from school in groups accompanied by adults. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 5: An Analysis of Current Funding Mechanisms for Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs at the Federal, State, and Local Levels, Federal Highway Administration
The aim of this case study was to identify the many different ways State and local governments funded facilities and programs for the benefit of bicyclists and pedestrians, and to present the information in such a way that Government agencies and those advocating better facilities and programs can easily see how it has been done. ... more >>
document Serene Way Sidewalk Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Porous concrete used to construct a needed walkway in Snohomish County inside existing road right-of-way without requiring storm water detention facilities. ... more >>
web Project for Public Spaces, Project for Public Spaces
This site has an extensive collection of resources to support lively public spaces in the built environment. ... more >>
web Rails to Trails Conservancy, Rails to Trails Conservancy
Rails-to-Trails Conservancy is a nonprofit organization working with communities to preserve unused rail corridors by transforming them into trails, enhancing the health of America's environment, economy, ... more >>
document Greensboro's Downtown Greenway: Successful Revitalization through Active Transportation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Downtown Greenway provided a transportation solution for accessing downtown, a place for public art, public park space, and an important link between socially diverse neighborhoods. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 6: Analysis of Successful Grassroots Movements Relating to Pedestrians and Bicycles and A Guide On How to Initiate a Successful Program, Federal Highway Administration
This analysis and guide are written to not only initiate a grassroots movement but also to help make the movement successful. ... more >>
document Capitol Building Intersection Renovation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Crosswalk redesign, land reductions, access management, and targeted enforcement used to create a safer pedestrian environment around Tallahassee capitol building. ... more >>
document Advocacy and Public Health: Partners for Walkable, Bikeable Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The ACEs project developed the concept of an Active Living Task Force to formalize collaboration among people from diverse sectors with a stake in the way a community supports active living. ... more >>
document Interstate Interchange Pedestrian Enhancement, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
New sidewalks, fencing, bus shelters, bus turn-outs, and other amenities transform unsafe interstate interchange in Englewood into a pedestrian friendly gateway into the community. ... more >>
document Sidewalk Construction Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizens groups coordinate with government agencies in Alameda County to fund and construct new sidewalks in high need areas. ... more >>
document Philip A. Rayhill Memorial Trail, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Two communities built a multi-use trail to connect to each other and commercial, recreational, and educational facilities along the way. ... more >>
document Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part I, Federal Highway Administration
The guides Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Parts 1 and 2 provide the state of the art practice for applying the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) and similar requirements to pedestrian facilities. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Policy, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Guidance from a Kentucky task force on pedestrian and bicycle design results in the incorporation of nonmotorized design elements in new transportation projects. ... more >>
document Pulaski County Pedestrian and Bicycle Bridge -- Murray Lock and Dam, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge stretches over 4,000 feet in length to connect pedestrian and bicycle trails on the north and south ends of the Arkansas River. ... more >>
document Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part II, Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook is the second part of a two-phase project focused on designing sidewalks and trails for access. It was created to provide planners, designers, and transportation engineers with a better understanding of how sidewalks and trails should be developed to promote pedestrian access for all users, ... more >>
document Traffic Calming Guidelines, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Sacramento adopts guidelines to assist the public, city staff, consultants, and developers in creating a safer environment for pedestrians and bicyclists by identifying traffic calming devices and steps for implementation. ... more >>
document Livable Streets Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Livable Streets Partnership in Raleigh brings various groups and interests together in a public planning process to produce a pedestrian friendly downtown action plan. ... more >>
document Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities, Institute of Transportation Engineers
Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities, A Recommended Practice of the Institute of Transportation Engineers is intended to provide guidance on how to implement a comprehensive program of engineering, ... more >>
document Charlotte's South Corridor, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Charlotte adopts station area planning principles to ensure that areas surrounding all new light rail stations provide adequate pedestrian amenities and accessibility to transit. ... more >>
web National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report, United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States. ... more >>
document East Winston Heritage Trails, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Forsyth County installs walking trails connecting historic neighborhoods to encourage physical activity while celebrating local heritage and culture. ... more >>
document False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling. ... more >>
web Case Study #67: Red Light Camera Enforcement, Boulder, Colorado, PedSafe, City of Boulder, Colorado
Case study of successful Red Light Camera Enforcement pilot program in Boulder, Colorado ... more >>
document Citizen's Accessibility Evaluation Tool, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Hillsborough County MPO develops a pedestrian accessibility evaluation tool to identify problem areas in a specific high-volume corridor. ... more >>
document Complete Streets Implementation in Sacramento, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Streets should be designed to accommodate all users, promote sustainable transportation, and make neighborhoods and the urban core more livable. ... more >>
web Case Study #68, Red Light Photo Enforcement, West Hollywood, CA, PedSafe, City of West Hollywood, California
Case Study of red light photo enforcement pilot program in West Hollywood, California ... more >>
web Fatality Facts 2005 - Pedestrians, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
The following facts are based on analysis of data from the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). ... more >>
document Bridgeport Way: The Role of a Major Arterial in Town-Making, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redevelopment of an arterial road in University Place, Washington to reduce crashes and contribute to the local economy. ... more >>
web Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities; Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Guidelines; Supplementary Material, United States Access Board
This supplementary material provides information on the adoption of enforceable standards based on the guidelines under the ADA and ABA. ... more >>
document Transportation Planning Handbook: Chapter 16 - Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This chapter from the Transportation Planning Handbook provides standards for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including methods to measure bicycle route suitability, travel demand simulations, LOS analysis, ... more >>
document Effective Delivery of Small-Scale Federal-Aid Projects, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this synthesis is to identify and document methods for meeting federal requirements for small-scale projects in a more streamlined fashion. ... more >>
document Reconfiguration of Thomas Circle, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Thomas Circle was retrofitted from a previous automobile dominated design to one that would preserve its historic character and accommodate pedestrian and bicycle traffic. ... more >>
document Fiscal Year 2011 Update on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program,
This March 2011 update summarizes some of the accomplishments of the four communities that are part of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP). ... more >>
document Mulberry Street Improvement Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Mulberry Street, in Milton, Delaware, was transformed from an automobile dominated through fare to a street that is safe for pedestrian and bicycle traffic. ... more >>
document The Role of FHWA Programs In Livability: State of the Practice Summary, U.S. Department of Transportation; Federal Highway Administration
This research paper highlights the current state of the practice relative to the implementation of livability principles within the context of the Federal-aid highway program. ... more >>
document New Jersey Congestion, Security, and Safety Initiative, Center for Advanced Infastructure and Transportation (CAIT) at Rutgers University, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project examines the relationship between effective national transportation congestion, security, and safety technology transfer applications. ... more >>
web Victoria Transport Policy Institute, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems. ... more >>
document Walkability Checklist in Spanish, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Insightful questions allowing you to evaluate your neighborhood's walkability. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 7: Transportation Potential and Other Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This study is a compendium of success stories and the hard work of many individuals, grass-roots organizations, private interests, local governments, and state agencies. ... more >>
document Identification and Ranking of High Pedestrian Crash Zones for Allocation of Safety Funds, Transportation Research Board
This paper presents 1) a methodology to study the spatial patterns of pedestrian crashes in order to identify high pedestrian crash zones, and 2) an evaluation of methods to rank these high pedestrian crash zones. ... more >>
web Shannon Region Trails Web Site, Shannon Region Trails
This Web site provides an abundance of information, including directions and detailed maps for many trails in Ireland's Shannon Region, covering the counties Limerick, Clare, North Tipperary, and South West Offaly. ... more >>
document NJ Walks and Bikes: Common Ground Conference Report, Voorhees Transportation Center
This paper represents the final report from a conference that explored how community design can support healthy lifestyles, specifically through the advancement of walking and biking. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 8: Organizing Citizen Support and Acquiring Funding for Bicycle and Pedestrian Trails, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze specific courses of action necessary to successfully develop independent bicycle and pedestrian facilities. ... more >>
web Metropolitan Transportation Commission Bicycles/Pedestrians, San Fransisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
The San Fransisco Bay Area MTC website offers information on current events, as well as a detailed planning toolbox and an engineering countermeasure database. ... more >>
document Pedestrians Make Safe Choices Flier, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This activity is for older elementary school age children. It demonstrates the safe way to cross a street. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 9: Linking Bicycle/Pedestrian Facilities with Transit, Federal Highway Administration
A number of transit agencies and local and State Governments have initiated efforts to improve nonmotorized transit access, but many major problems and opportunities have not yet been addressed. This report highlights some of these efforts and opportunities. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 10: Trading Off Among the Needs of Motor Vehicle Users, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to consider how limited resources can best be allocated to meet the needs of motro vehicle users, bicyclists, and pedestrians. ... more >>
web Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Activity Page, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
A pedestrian safety activity for children in midelementary school age years. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement, Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data, ... more >>
document Preserving Historic and Cultural Resources, Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This article discusses how trails and greenways may be used to further historic and cultural preservation. ... more >>
document Sunday Ciclovia: "Bike. Walk. Dance. Breathe.", Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
As part of a community-building initiative, the town closed its streets for several hours once a week, opening them to walking, bicycling, and community growth. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 12: Incorporating Consideration of Bicyclists and Pedestrians into Education Programs, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this study was to determine how consideration of bicyclists and pedestrians can be incorporated into educational curricula and programs, including driver licensing procedures. ... more >>
document A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections. ... more >>
document Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum teaches and encourages pedestrian safety for students grades Kindergarten through 5th Grade. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 13: A Synthesis of Existing Bicyclist and Pedestrian Related Laws and Enforcement Programs, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to compile a comprehensive set of laws and ordinances which may be adapted as necessary and passed by individual governing bodies. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 14: Benefits of Bicycling and Walking to Health, Federal Highway Administration
The major emphasis of this report is to provide information on the potential health benefits and deleterious health effects accruing to individuals and the nation as a whole while engaging in bicycling and walking. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 15: The Environmental Benefits of Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This study attempts to estimate the environmental benefits of bicycling and walking, primarily through the amount of fuel consumption and automotive pollution that they avoid by displacing use fo passenger vehicles. ... more >>
document Sunnyslope High School Pedestrian Demonstration Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Staggered crosswalk, pedestrian and motorist signage, and speed monitors improve pedestrian safety at Phoenix high school. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Control Device Evaluation Methods, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report offers traffic engineering practitioners information on how to evaluate roadway traffic control devices used by pedestrians and bicyclists. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 16: A Study of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in European Countries, Federal Highway Administration
Most European nations have embarked on programs to reduce congestion, lower traffic accidents and improve the safety of cyclists and pedestrians. This paper concentrates on the ways bicycle and pedestrian facilities have been improved and cyclists and pedestrians benefited by these practices of & ... more >>
document Pedestrian Countermeasure Policy Best Practice Report, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report highlights State departments of transportation that have developed policies related to medians, walkways, and shoulders. ... more >>
document Traffic Control Devices Handbook, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This Handbook bridges the gap between the MUTCD provisions and those decisions to be made in the field on device usage and application. ... more >>
document Pedestrian roadway fatalities, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
"The objective of this study by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) was to examine the pedestrian fatalities in motor vehicle crashes." ... more >>
document New Directions in Speed Management: A Review of Policy, Department for Transportation
This review was formed to develop a speed policy that takes account of the contribution of reduced speeds to environmental and social objectives as well as road safety. ... more >>
document State Best Practice Policy for Shoulders and Walkways, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report highlights three agencies that have implemented policies and plans that promote the inclusion of paved shoulders and walkways. ... more >>
document A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions involving pedestrians. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 17: Bicycle and Pedestrian Policies and Programs in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines biycle and pedestrian programs and policies in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, with particular attention to lessons that may be useful to U.S. transportation professionals and policymakers. ... more >>
document Technical Assistance for Small Cities and Rural Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Rural region of Georgia forms a pedestrian and bicycle task force to ensure adequate education, planning, and implementation of nonmotorized projects. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 18: Analyses of Successful Provincial, State, and Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in Canada and the United States, Federal Highway Administration
This report reviews various potential indicators of success demonstrated by different programs to determine how very different bicycle and pedestrian programs can be compared and used as an example or model for other communities. ... more >>
document South Carolina Bicycling and Walking Resolution, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
South Carolina DOT forms a pedestrian and bicycle committee and holds a statewide conference to increase education and awareness of pedestrian and bicycle issues. ... more >>
document Active Travel in Germany and the USA, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This study estimates differences between Germany and the USA over time in population levels of daily walking and cycling at different health-enhancing thresholds across socio-demographic groups. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes two related studies intended to address double-lane roundabout accessibility issues for visually impaired pedestrians. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 19: Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques - Their Effects on Bicycling and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
The body of this report can be divided into three parts. The first two major sections examine the history and traffic-calming techniques installed in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The final section of the report examines the practical and policy implication of traffic calming. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 20: The Effects of Environmental Design on the Amount and Type of Bicycling and Walking, Federal Highway Administration
This report focuses on the effects of environmental design on the amount and type of bicylcing and walking in downtown, spcifically. ... more >>
document Bike, Walk, and Wheel: A Way of Life in Columbia, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A community coalition forms in Columbia to address sedentary lifestyles of a specific neighborhood through multiple pedestrian-related projects. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 21: Integrating Bicycle and Pedestrian Considerations into State and Local Transportation Planning, Design, and Operations, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the process of "institutionalization" of bicycle and pedestrian considerations. It follows the process of institutionalization, the elements of integration, methods to legitimize bicycling and walking, ... more >>
document City of Richmond Pedestrian Strategy, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
British Columbia city improves pedestrian safety through a five-point comprehensive pedestrian strategy that includes new crosswalk lighting and signage, accessible transit, education materials, and strategic partnerships. ... more >>
document A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic Congestion and Enhancing Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This document provides information on reducing congestion. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 22: The Role of State Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this case study is to discuss the role of State bicycle/pedestrian coordinators. One particular focus is on hose coordinators should structure the mix of pedestrian and bike duties in their programs. ... more >>
document Transit Waiting Environments, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Transit user survey identifies desired bus stop amenities and aids planning for improving existing and future stops, depending on several funding techniques. ... more >>
document Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Design Assistance Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Regional pedestrian and bicycle fund helps ensure consideration during infrastructure improvements and construction in the Greater Phoenix area. ... more >>
document Crash Models for Rural Intersections, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes the collection, analysis, and modeling of crash and roadway data for intersections on rural roads in California and Michigan for the years 1993-1995. ... more >>
web Bicycle/Pedestrian Trip Generation Workshop, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document is a summary of the results of a 1996 FHWA sponsored workshop to discuss trip generation. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 23: The Role of Local Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators, Federal Highway Administration
This report provides a model for how a City, County or Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) can create a bicycle/pedestrian coordinator position that will most effectively accomodate, and encourage bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
document Health Impact Assessment of Proposed Atlanta Beltline, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Health Impact Analysis conducted for massive transit, pedestrian, and bicycle beltline project around Atlanta that takes advantage of unused railroads. ... more >>
web Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This site freely offers extensive data, statistics, and reports concerning transportation in the United States in addition to an online bookstore. ... more >>
document Walk Wise, Drive Smart, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Safety concerns for senior pedestrians led to the beginning of Walk Wise, Drive Smart, a program in Hendersonville, North Carolina that specifically caters to the needs of older pedestrians. ... more >>
web Walkable Communities, Inc., Walkable Communities, Inc.
Walkable Communities is dedicated to helping whole communities, whether they are large cities, small towns, or parts of communities,become more walkable and pedestrian friendly. ... more >>
document Case Study No. 24: Current Planning Guidelines and Design Standards Being Used by State and Local Agencies for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
It is the goal of this case study to define current planning guidelines and design standards that are being used by States and localities fo the development of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and identify state- ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Initiative, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Local businessman works with local governments to improve pedestrian areas around bus stops in an area with a significant Hispanic population. ... more >>
web Consumer Product Safety Commission Recreational Safety Publications, United States Consumer Product Safety Commission
This page provides a safety reports concerning a variety of recreational and sports activities. ... more >>
document Finding Strategies to Improve Pedestrian Safety in Rural Areas, United States Department of Transportation, Connecticut Transportation Institute
The objective of this research is to study the safety of pedestrian crossings in rural areas to discover factors that help explain high rates of collisions involving pedestrians crossing the road. ... more >>
document Sunday Parkways Programs, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Bogota, Colombia gets people moving by shutting streets down to automobile traffic. ... more >>
document TrailNet, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Active non-profit organization in St. Louis promotes active living through walking and bicycling while working to expand and create facilities. ... more >>
web National Household Travel Survey, Federal Highway Administration
This page provides links to the National Household Travel Survey reports for each year it was published between 1969-2001. ... more >>
document From Targeted "Black Spots" to Area-wide Pedestrian Safety, Injury Prevention
This study describes and illustrates the geographic distribution of pedestrian crash sites in Montreal, Canada with an alternative data source. The full article may be purchased from Injury Prevention, ... more >>
document A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007. ... more >>
web Focusing on the Senior Pedestrian, Federal Highway Administration
This short web document addresses the unique difficulties of the senior pedestrian, illustrating with charts and graphs. ... more >>
document Mobile Tablet Bus Stop Inventory, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Transit authority in Louisville uses federal grant and GPS units to conduct thorough bus stop inventory to help develop new trip planning software. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Pedestrian Data Needs and Collection Efforts, Transportation Research Board, University of Utah Department of Environmental Engineering
This paper discusses the extent to which pedestrian demand, behavior, and facilities data can assist in the study of pedestrian safety issues, reviews data collection strategies, suggests some data collection improvements, ... more >>
document Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-On-Red Intersections (User's Manual), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study sought to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian crashes, and develop improved guidelines for prohibition of RTOR. ... more >>
document Investigation of the Impact of Medians on Road Users, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety impact of raised curb medians, two-way left-turn lane medians, and undivided cross sections on vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The study concentrates on medians located on unlimited access arterials in central business districts ( ... more >>
web NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, New York University Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management
This site freely provides all the center's research publications, information on education courses and technical assistance, and updates on news and events. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Federal Highway Administration guidelines and prompt lists will help familiarize transportation professionals with pedestrian issues and help them identify specific concerns related to pedestrian safety throughout the road safety audit process. ... more >>
document Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This report compares five school-pedestrian crossing designs with their fully signalized control sites discussing their relative advantages and disadvantages. Further comparisons were made between the various alternatives. ... more >>
web Rutgers Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center, The State University of New Jersey at Rutgers
The Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a national leader in the research and development of innovative transportation policy. ... more >>
document Can New Urbanism Encourage Physical Activity?, Journal of the American Planning Association
This study compared various measures of physical activity for residents of a new urbanist neighborhood to those for a group of conventional suburban neighborhoods in central North Carolina. The full article may be purchased from the Journal of the American Planning Association or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document ViaRecreActiva Metropolitana, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
To connect two diverse neighborhoods in Guadalajara, Mexico, officials closed streets to automobile traffic and opened them for bicycling, walking, and community building. ... more >>
document Crosswalk Flags and the Adopt-a-Crosswalk Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Motorists' inability to see pedestrians crossing at various road and crosswalk types created an unsafe environment for pedestrians. ... more >>
web Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports. ... more >>
document Destination Doylestown Bike & Hike Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use path in Doylestown combines with traffic calming measures to provide safer pedestrian and bicycle access to multiple neighborhoods. ... more >>
web University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources. ... more >>
document Factors Influencing Injury Severity of Motor Vehicle-Crossing Pedestrian Crashes in Rural Connecticut., Accident Analysis & Prevention, Elsevier Science Ltd.
The ordered probit model was used to evaluate the effect of roadway and area type features on injury severity of pedestrian crashes in rural Connecticut. The full text can be purchased through ScienceDirect, ... more >>
document "Cross Safely Drive Safely", Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to prevent future pedestrian injuries at the University of Massachusetts, the UMass Police and UMassSAFE partnership worked together to develop and implement the "Cross Safely Drive Safely& ... more >>
document Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes that protion of the research dealing with pedestrian signal displays and operation which was completed in Phase II of the three-phase project on urban intersection improvements for pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document The Padden Parkway Pedestrian/Bicycle Bridge, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use overpass installed over a major parkway in Clark County increases neighborhood connectivity and provides safe crossing for pedestrians and bicyclists. ... more >>
web Easter Seals Project Action, Easter Seals Project Action, Federal Transit Administration
Easter Seals Project ACTION promotes cooperation between the transportation industry and the disability community to increase mobility for people with disabilities under the ADA and beyond. It offers a research clearinghouse, ... more >>
document New Jersey Governor's Pedestrian Safety Initiative, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The governor of New Jersey starts a Pedestrian Safety Initiative to reduce teh number of pedestrian fatalities across the state. ... more >>
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This third edition of Enhancing America's Communities highlights a variety of transportation enhancement projects from around the country, showcasing the potential of TE to build strong places through targeted transportation investments. ... more >>
document Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes research completed in the first phase of a three-phase project. This phase was directed at identifying and defining the safety and operational problems associated with the interaction of pedestrians and vehicles at intersections. ... more >>
document Linear Shared Use Path, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The linear shared use path in Piqua spans more than 10 miles and provides additional pedestrian and bicycle facilities through the use of old railroad right-of-way. ... more >>
document Flexibility in Highway Design, Federal Highway Administration
Presents methods of designing facilities that are sensitive to the surrounding environment that still meet accepted design guidelines. ... more >>
document Tucson Region Sidewalk Inventory, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Tucson region's metropolitan planning organization, Pima Association of Governments (PAG), addresses the need to assess regional sidewalk connectivity and accessibility in order to establish priorities for funding and construction through its Regional Sidewalk Inventory. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety: Evaluating In-Pavement, Flashing Warning Lights, Federal Highway Administration, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report describes work undertaken to determine the effect of an in-pavement flashing warning light system installed on a crosswalk on pedestrian safety, relative to striping. ... more >>
document Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the study of Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety was to identify problems associated with pedestrian-vehicle interactions at intersections, develop countermeasure concepts that would reduce these problems, ... more >>
document Geometric Design Practices for European Roads, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations. ... more >>
document Portland SmartTrips, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Portland promotes nonmotorized transportation through its SmartTrips program. ... more >>
document Using Walk Score for Neighborhood Planning in Washington, DC, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The DC Office of Planning used Walk Score to fill the void of a data source that would address the need of measuring the built environment in relation to walkability. ... more >>
document Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This report presents the final results of the signal timing element fo the FHWA research project "Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety." The report discusses the research which was conducted, ... more >>
document Sidewalk Improvements in the Downtown Area, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Major sidewalk reconstruction and streetscape program transforms unattractive historic downtown area into a safer and more welcoming pedestrian environment. ... more >>
document SeeClickFix: A Tool for Neighborhood Empowerment, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
SeeClickFix provides technology to crowdsource the reporting of public infrastructure issues, send alerts directly to city government, and allow citizens to see when problems have been addressed. ... more >>
document A Quick Guide to Transportation Enhancements, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This brochure discusses the Transportation Enhancement Program and Transportation Enhancements. ... more >>
document Creating Walkable Communities, Partnership Campaign, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Nonprofit in Upstate South Carolina helps educate local officials, professions, and the general public on pedestrian issues through expert presentations. ... more >>
document Accessible Sidewalks and Street Crossings, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The intent of this guide is to focus on some of the emerging accessibility issues and the design parameters that affect sidewalk and street crossing design and operation. ... more >>
document Olympia's Parks and Sidewalks Funding Measure, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Olympia had neglected sidewalk construction for decades. The City Council worked with the Parks Department and advocacy groups to get sidewalk funding. ... more >>
web Be Alert and Share the Road, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This one-page publication provides summer safety messages for a variety of audiences from your friends at NHTSA. ... more >>
document Model Pedestrian Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration
This Guide describes how localities can plan, imnplement, and evaluate a pedestrian safety program. A six-step Model Pedestrian Safety Program is described. ... more >>
document Creating a Pedestrian Facility Inventory, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
MPO uses aerial photography and GIS to create a pedestrian facility inventory that allows local governments to better plan to fill existing gaps and measure the associated effects. ... more >>
document Rails with Trails: Lessons Learned, Federal Highway Administration
A research report about trails located near railroad and transit rights-of-way. ... more >>
document Model Pedestrian Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration
This Supplement to the Model Pedestrian Safety Program User's Guide provides detailed information on specific pedestrian safety countermeasures. ... more >>
document North Carolina Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Grant Initiative, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
North Carolina Department of Transportation creates a multi-source funding initiative to help insure quality pedestrian and bicycle planning across the state. ... more >>
web The Facts: Alcohol Impaired Pedestrians Among Diverse Populations, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Summary of a study that addressed the involvement of various cultural populations in alcohol-related pedestrian crashes, and suggested potential countermeasures targeting this problem. ... more >>
document A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety and Mobility Aids for Crossings at Bus Stops, New Jersey Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration
This paper describes a project initiated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) and New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT) to investigate solutions poor mid-block crossings that would benefit pedestrians and encourage mass transit ridership. ... more >>
document Conflicts on Multiple Use Trails, Federal Highway Administration
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety and Transit Corridors, Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC), Washington State Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This research examines the relationship between pedestrian accident locations on state-owned facilities (highways and urban arterials) and the presence of rider boardings and alightings from bus transit. ... more >>
document Feasibility of Demand Incentives for Non-Motorized Travel, Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the potential of various strategies for increasing the use of walking and bicycling for utilitarian purposes. ... more >>
document El Cajon's Road Diet, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Suburban development and increased traffic diminished Main Street's appeal to pedestrians. However, the use of a road diet and addition of new shops led to the revitalization of downtown. ... more >>
document Child Pedestrian Safety Education, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report scientifically reviews the literature on child pedestrian education and discusses possible child pedestrian safety programs that could be more effective in keeping child pedestrians safe. ... more >>
document Older Pedestrian Characteristics for Use in Highway Design, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to develop traffic planning and engineering guidelines for the design of pedestrian facilities that are sensitive to the needs of older pedestrians. ... more >>
web Traffic Calming: State of the Practice, Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
Summarizes the various methods used to either slow or divert motor vehicle traffic. ... more >>
document Complete Streets Laws and Ordinances, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Commitments to complete the streets have been adopted via state law, local ordinances and resolutions, agency policies, comprehensive plans, tax measures, and design manual re-writes. ... more >>
web Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Among Hispanics, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
In an effort to reduce pedestrian and bicycle fatalities involving newly-arrived Hispanic immigrants, NHTSA has made available traffic safety materials in Spanish (e.g., posters, brochures, radio announcements, ... more >>
document Effective Treatments of Over and Undercrossings for Use by Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and the Handicapped, Federal Highway Administration
This study provides information about over and undercrossings directed toward planners, designers, and decision makers who are trying to best serve the needs of bicyclists, pedestrians, and the handicapped, ... more >>
document Traffic Operations Control for Older Drivers and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
Offers guidelines on roadway and traffic control device use by older drivers and pedestrians. ... more >>
document Bikestation Long Beach, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
People face many real and perceived barriers to bicycling, including fear of theft, concern for safety, and lack of knowledge. A bike-transit center's services remove many barriers to bicycling. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Report to Congress, Federal Highway Administration
This report was a response to the SAFETEA-LU, Public Law 109-59, Section 2003(e), which requires the Secretary of Transportation to produce a comprehensive report on pedestrian safety. ... more >>
web Crossing Advice for Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
This short site presents advice and rules for safe pedestrian crossing, and explains pedestrian crossing signals.. ... more >>
document The Feasibility of Accommodating Physically Handicapped Individuals on Pedestrian Over and Undercrossing Structures, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes the evalutation of a sampling of over- and undercrossing structures to identify major and minor access barriers for the physically handicapped. ... more >>
document Traffic Calming and Crime Prevention, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Many communities in the U.S. have been designed to accommodate automobiles, not cyclists and pedestrians. Traffic calming can help make bicycling and walking more comfortable and neighborhoods more livable. ... more >>
web The Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP), Federal Highway Administration
This program is providing 25 million dollars each to four communities to demonstrate how improved walking and bicycling networks can increase rates of walking and bicycling. ... more >>
document An Investigation of the Potential for Pathways Shared by Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides level of service and volume measurements in addition to measurements of conflict potential in order to determine the potential for shared pathways for bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
document Downtown Orlando Transportation Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Bicycle and Pedestrian section's objective is to provide a secure, convenient, efficient, comfortable, and welcoming network for bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
web Seeing Crosswalks in a New Light: In-Roadway Warning Lighting Research, Federal Highway Administration, Public Roads
FHWA tested in-pavement flashing warning lights at a pedestrian crossing in a Virginia community. ... more >>
web Exemplary Human Environment Initiatives (EHEI), Federal Highway Administration
The EHEIs recognize and publicize transportation initiatives that make our transportation system work better for the people who use it. ... more >>
document National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Proposes strategies intended to be used by anyone interested in reducing pedestrian injuries among children, while encouraging them to explore their environment by walking. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended for transit agency staff looking to improve pedestrian safety and access near transit stations, bus stops, and other transit locations. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety Campaign, Federal Highway Administration
A ready-made toolkit of safety related outreach materials that States and communities can customize and use locally. ... more >>
web Final Detailed Findings Report for Marketing Plan and Outreach Materials that Promote Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Different Hispanic Populations in the United States, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this review is to develop a marketing plan of the most effective methods of promoting bicycle and pedestrian safety to Hispanic audiences. ... more >>
document Bicycling and Walking in the US 2010 Benchmarking Report, Alliance for Biking & Walking
The Benchmarking Project is an on-going effort to collect and analyze data on bicycling and walking in all 50 states and the 51 largest U.S. cities. ... more >>
document City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Prediction Methodology for Urban Signalized Intersections, Transportation Research Board
The objective of this research was to develop a methodology for quantifying the pedestrian safety effects related to existing site characteristics and/or proposed improvements on urban and suburban arterials. ... more >>
document Freedom to Travel, Bureau of Transportation Statistics
A report from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics on the travel needs for people with disabilities. ... more >>
document Preventing Backovers (Spanish), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This Spanish-language document provides information to help prevent motorist backovers of children. ... more >>
document Innovative Traffic Control: Technology and Practice in Europe, International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents the state of the art of emerging technologies for traffic control devices. ... more >>
web Traffic Safety Digest, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003. ... more >>
document Promoting Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Hispanic Audiences, Federal Highway Administration
This marketing plan, which uses available reference materials and additional research in the form of focus group session results, showcases a strategy for marketing pedestrian and bicycle safety issues/ ... more >>
web Pedestrian Forum newsletter, Federal Highway Administration
A quarterly newsletter focusing on topics on how to improve conditions for bicycling and walking and to make them safer ways to travel. ... more >>
document Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This issue brief documents estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors ( ... more >>
document Identifying Locations for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety Improvements in Chapel Hill and Carrboro, North Carolina, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The objective of the present study was to identify areas with potential hazards for pedestrians and bicyclists to aid in prioritizing safety improvements. ... more >>
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety and Education Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Pima County-Tucson Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety and Education Program aimed to provide public education on pedestrians and bicyclists, safety training, as well as infrastructure improvements and program evaluation. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Mobility and Safety Audit Guide, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This guide explains the myriad issues related to pedestrian safety and mobility. It includes photos of what to look for and findings from surveys in four cities. ... more >>
document Main Street Project, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
University professor who is also a local citizen, fosters a community main street project in Trumansburg to recapture the pedestrian-friendly environment of the downtown area. ... more >>
document Atlas of Injury Mortality, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report is intended for use as a reference tool for public health professionals and decision makers who are interested in reducing injuries among Native American children and youth. ... more >>
document Rails with Trails, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy; National Park Service; Rails, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program
This report is designed to help planners answer questions such as: "Are rails-with-trails safe?;" "Will a rail-with-trail work in our community?;" How do we design our rail-with- ... more >>
web Tool Kit for Integrating Land Use and Transportation Decision-Making, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this tool kit is to provide a user-friendly, web-based source of methods, strategies, and procedures for integrating land use and transportation planning, decision-making, and project implementation. ... more >>
document Report to the U.S. Congress on the Outcomes of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents the outcomes of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program in four US communities. ... more >>
document Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany,
With the combination of aggregate data and case studies this paper shows how the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany have made bicycling safe anc convenient in their small and large cities. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons, AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety report, Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons, states that in the jurisdictions studied, pedestrian signals timed to accommodate walking speeds of 4 feet per second would not accommodate an older pedestrian walking at the 15th percentile speed for older pedestrians. ... more >>
web A Brief Portrait of Multimodal Transportation Planning in Oregon and the Path to Achieving It, 1890-1974, Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium
This project was designed to outline transportation chapters of a planned written history of Oregon land use planning, written to make the transportation planning profession relevant to a popular audience. ... more >>
document Reducing Childhood Pedestrian Injuries: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Conference, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
This document is the report of a two-day conference of intense discussion about child pedestrian safety. It features position papers prepared in advance, as well as an expert's formal response at the meeting and the questions and answers that followed. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility. ... more >>
document Evaluation of the Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, FDOT
This report is an evaluation of the installation of the rectangualr rapid flash beacon (RRFB) where the Pinellas Trail crosses 22nd Avenue N in St. Petersburg, Florida. ... more >>
document Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections. ... more >>
web Surface Transportation Policy Project, Surface Transportation Policy Project
The Surface Transportation Policy Project is a diverse, nationwide coalition working to ensure safer communities and smarter transportation choices that enhance the economy, improve public health, promote social equity, ... more >>
document Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane Roadways to Four-Lane Roadways, Federal Highway Administration
This study develops an initial estimate of the safety effects of conversion of typical sections of two- to four-lane roads and predicts whether such effects would be similar across multiple States. ... more >>
document Countermeasures That Work, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies. ... more >>
document Safety Effects of Using Narrow Lanes and Shoulder-Use Lanes to Increase the Capacity of Urban Freeways, Federal Highway Administration
This study analyzes the safety effects of using narrower lanes to increase the number of travel lanes in urban freeways. ... more >>
document City of Charlotte Commitment to the Pedestrian Program, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Charlotte provides significant annual funds for sidewalk construction and maintenance and creates a comprehensive pedestrian program that includes public outreach. ... more >>
document An Evaluation of Red Shoulders as a Bicycle and Pedestrian Facility, Highway Safety Research Center, Florida Department of Transportation
This study evaluates the effectiveness of red shoulder treatment on one neighborhood road in Lake County, Florida. ... more >>
document Anthem Park Development, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver Housing Authority redevelops abandoned high school to connect senior community with Main Street through pedestrian-friendly measures. ... more >>
document The Effects of NO TURN ON RED / YIELD TO PEDS Variable Message Signs on Motorist and Pedestrian Behavior, Highway Safety Research Center, Florida Department of Transportation
This report evaluates the effects of variable message signs in Orlando, Florida, on motorist and pedestrian behavior. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety at Intersections, Federal Highway Administration
This safety brief provides information on pedestrian crashes at intersections, and offers recommendations to reduce pedestrian injuries and fatalities. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Instructor's Guide, NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum module presents key safety concepts through the story of a pedestrian-motor vehicle crash and its consequences in the lives of two families. ... more >>
document A Partnership for Pedestrian Safety, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Eagle County works cooperatively with the Colorado DOT to redesign a major intersection to improve pedestrian safety while improving traffic flow as well. ... more >>
document Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
By analyzing pedestrian and bicyclist crash data, Metropolitan Orlando gained an understanding of safety needs and made countermeasure recommendations to correct them. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Student Handbook, NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum module presents key safety concepts through the story of a pedestrian-motor vehicle crash and its consequences in the lives of two families. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Generator Checklist, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
State of New York develops a pedestrian generator checklist that engineers must use in determining pedestrian needs when designing new roadways or maintenance projects. ... more >>
document Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?, Transportation Research Board Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requested this study in order to examine the connection between the built environment and the physical activity levels of the U. ... more >>
document Designing Walkable Urban Thoroughfares, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This report has been developed in response to widespread interest for improving both mobility choices and community character through a commitment to creating and enhancing walkable communities. ... more >>
document Pathways for People, Rodale Press, Parkwood Research Associates
This document presents the survey questions and results concerning respondents bicycling, walking, and running habits, and their access to multiuse pathways. ... more >>
document Creating Active Rural Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County. ... more >>
document Overcoming Opposition to Sidewalk Construction, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A Safe Routes to School committee used neighborhood relationships and informational flyers to build support for the construction of a sidwalk near a local school. ... more >>
document Transportation Enhancements, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
The report provides agency staff, policy makers, professionals, and citizens the opportunity to better understand and maximize the benefits to be derived from the TE program. ... more >>
document Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets, Transportation Research Board
Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets (MMLOS) explores the result of a field test of the MMLOS in 10 US metropolitan areas. ... more >>
document World Class Streets, Public Roads Magazine
New York City is transforming itself into a metropolis that is friendly to bicyclists, pedestrians, and transit riders. Learn how the Big Apple is doing it. ... more >>
document Access and Mobility Design Policy for Disabled Pedestrians at Road Crossings, Transportation Research Board
This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. In this article, issues affecting design policies for highways and streets are explored in terms of functional capabilities of disabled and encumbered pedestrians. ... more >>
document Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Effects on Safety and Independence of Pedestrians Who Are Blind, Transportation Research Board
Presents research on street crossings by [visually impaired] pedestrians, before and after the installation of accessible pedestrian signals (APS). This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Practical Methods for Analyzing Pedestrian and Bicycle Use of a Transportation Facility, Center for Transportation Studies
The objective of the project is to analyze existing technologies used for the process of generating counts of bicycles and pedestrians in transportation facilities. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures on Crashes, Highway Safety Information System (HSIS)
The objective of this reanalysis was to estimate the change in total crashes resulting from the conversions in two databases and to combine these estimates into a crash modification factor(CMF). ... more >>
document Pedestrians and Bicycles, Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document Drivers Perception of Vulnerable Road Users - A Hazard Perception Approach,
An assessment of hazard perception abilities of drivers to vulnerable road users. ... more >>
document The Influence of the Individual's Risk Perception and Attitudes on Travel Behavior,
This study analyzes the effect of individuals' risk perception and beliefs, in addition to demographic and socio-economic characteristics, on their willingness to shift from car to public transportation and walking. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Crash Types: A 1990's Informational Guide, Federal Highway Administration
This informational guide provides detail on specific pedestrian-motor vehicle crash types (e.g. intersection dash) through two-page layouts that contain a sketch, description, and summary of the crash type, ... more >>
document Causative Factors and Trends in Florida Pedestrian Crashes, Transportation Research Board
This report discusses the results of a case study review of 353 fatal pedestrian crashes that occurred in Florida and the contributing factors to the crashes. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Increasing Powered Two-Wheels' (PTWs') Detectability by Using Phi-Phenomenon,
The study evaluates the potential of a unique display of two helmet-mounted lights that blink in an alternating manner to create movement illusion to increase PTWs' conspicuity and visibility. ... more >>
document Seguridad del Peaton, National Safe Kids Campaign
This Spanish-language checklist provides a list of topics parents should cover when instructing children regarding pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Signalization Alternatives, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian signalization alternatives. An analysis was conducted of pedestrian accidents, traffic and pedestrian volumes, ... more >>
document Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administation
The purpose of this document, Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, is to provide a resource to rural planners, city and county engineers, stakeholders, local officials, and other decision-makers involved with developing rural transportation plans. ... more >>
document School Transportation Safety: An Observational Study of Drivers and Pupils on the School Bus,
The objective of the study was to observe seatbelt usage, pupil and bus driver behavior and potential safety hazards on buses used for school transportation. ... more >>
document Planning, Design, and Maintenance of Pedestrian Facilities, Federal Highway Administration
This handbook consolidates the current state-of-the-art pertaining to pedestrian facilities. ... more >>
document A Method to Identify Changes in Pedestrian and Cyclist Collision Rates,
In this study actual collision counts were used to create a longitudinal confidence region around the minimum collision rate of an intersection. ... more >>
document A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evalutation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities. ... more >>
document Evaluation Method for Sidewalk Unevenness Based on Wheelchair Traveling Resistance, Transportation Research Board
This paper analyzes the longitudinal profile of sidewalks in service and torque data on traveling wheelchairs toward proposing a method for evaluating the surface unevenness of sidewalks based on the travel resistance imposed on wheelchairs. ... more >>
document Optimism About Safety and Self-Serving Attributions of Responsibility for Safety Among Pedestrians and Cyclists in Relation to Road Use Under Low Light Conditions,
This study analysed a subset of data collected as part of a larger research project on the visibility of pedestrians, cyclists and road workers, focusing on a set of questionnaire items. ... more >>
document A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities. ... more >>
document Experiments and Theory of Self-Organization in Pedestrian Flow, Transportation Research Board
In this paper, [the authors] put forward a theory of selforganization, as well as results from experimental research that provides more insight into these spatial-temporal phenomena. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Evaluation of the Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of a comprehensive pedestrian safety program in reducing pedestrian crashes in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... more >>
document Comparison of Blood Alcohol Levels with Breath Alcohol Levels Measured Using the Drager 711 MKIII Breathalyzer,
The study objective was to assess the correlation between breath alcohol, as measured using the Drager 7110 MKIII breathalyzer, and blood alcohol concentrations (BAC). ... more >>
document A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities. ... more >>
document Free Speed Distributions for Pedestrian Traffic, Transportation Research Board
This paper presents a new method to estimate free speed distributions for pedestrian flows. This resource may also be purchased through the Transportation Research Board. ... more >>
document From TIGER to Audit Instruments: Using GIS-Based Street Data to Measure Neighborhood Walkability, Transportation Research Board
This paper explores how the path network around key urban destinations can be visually and quantitatively analyzed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document How to Engage Low-Literacy and Limited-English-Proficiency Populations in Transportation Decisionmaking, Federal Highway Administration
This report documents "best practices" in identifying and engaging low-literacy and limited-English-proficiency populations in transportation decisionmaking. ... more >>
document Safe Streets for Seniors, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In New York City, adults aged 65 and older make up 12 percent of the city's population, but accounted for 39 percent of its pedestrian fatalities between 2002 and 2006. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Programs: A Review of the Literature and Operational Experience, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of the research effort was to develop an empirically and experiencially based model pedestrian safety program which cities can use as guidelines for pedestrian safety program planning, ... more >>
document How Well Can Child Pedestrians Estimate Potential Traffic Hazards?, Transportation Research Board
The objective of the paper was to assess the perception skills and visual cues of school children in two schools where at least 50 percent of the school children walk to and from school. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Factors Contributing to Pedestrian and Bicycle Crashes on Rural Highways, Highway Safety Information System (HSIS)
The goals of this study were to examine the differences between pedestrian and bicycle crashes in urban and rural settings in North Carolina and to identify problem areas. ... more >>
document Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS, Transportation Quarterly
This paper summarizes the socioeconomic issues with the transportation system as illuminated by the 2001 National Household Travel Survey. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Trip Making Characteristics and Exposure Measures, Federal Highway Administration
The objectives of this projects were to identify specific pedestrian trip making characteristics, develop pedestrian exposure measures, and to examine these results relative to accident information in order to determine the relative hazardousness of various pedestrian characteristics and behaviors. ... more >>
document Identifying and Measuring Urban Design Qualities Related to Walkability, Journal of Physical Activity and Health
This project has developed operational definitions and measurement protocols for subtler urban design qualities believed to be related to walkability. ... more >>
document Development of Boulder's Multimodal System, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels. ... more >>
web Comprehensive Intersection Resource Library, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Resources included in this library represent a broad cross section of publications, educational materials and other media published by the Federal Highway Administration and other transportation safety partners. ... more >>
document Space Syntax: An Innovative Pedestrian Volume Modeling Tool for Pedestrian Safety, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper describes an innovative pedestrian modeling technique known as Space Syntax, which was used to create estimates of pedestrian volumes for the city of Oakland, California. ... more >>
document Index for Assessing Pedestrian Safety at Intersections, Transportation Research Board
This study attempts to develop a safety index that will allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to prioritize intersection crosswalks with respect to pedestrian safety. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This guide demonstrates how state departments of transportation (DOTs) and other transportation agencies can incorporate context sensitivity into their transportation project development work. ... more >>
document Micro-Simulated Comparisons of Alternative Signalized Pedestrian Crossings, Transportation Research Board
The objective is to study how changing the crossing type affects various measures of effectiveness for both vehicles and pedestrians. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Accessibility Guidebook for Outdoor Recreation and Trails, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Forest Service (USFS)
This guidebook is intended to help designers and recreation professionals apply the Forest Service Outdoor Recreation Accessibility Guidelines (FSORAG) and Forest Service Trail Accessibility Guidelines ( ... more >>
document 2007 Traffic Safety Annual Assessment - Highlights, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The overall number of traffic fatalities in 2007 reached its lowest level since 1994. This reduction is the largest in terms of both number and percentage since 1992. ... more >>
document Modeling Pedestrian Trip Generation in Urban Areas, Transportation Research Board
This study investigates factors that can be used to quantify peak hour daily pedestrian trips in urban areas to help estimate pedestrian trips. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations. ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report provides a top line summary of key data results regarding the behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ... more >>
document Motorist Yielding to Pedestrians at Unsignalized Intersections, Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the evaluation of engineering treatments that can be used to improve the safety of pedestrians crossing in marked crosswalks on busy arterial streets. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document A Walkable Community Brochure, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure is intended for safety practitioners, advocates, and other special road users who want to create "walkable/bikable" communities. ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report provides a detailed analysis of behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling. ... more >>
document National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project, Transportation Research Board
This paper discusses the various challenges the pedestrian and bicycle field in documenting usage and demand. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report describes the methods used to conduct the interviews and analyze the data from the National Survey. ... more >>
document Observational Analysis of Pedestrian, Bicyclist, and Motorist Behaviors at Roundabouts in the United States, Transportation Research Board
This paper focused on analyzing the interactions between motorists and pedestrians or bicyclists at roundabouts. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document Driver Attitudes and Behaviors at Intersections and Potential Effectiveness of Engineering Countermeasures, Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this focus group study was to identify driver attitudes and behaviors related to intersection safety and to assess the likely impacts of new or existing infrastructure-based technologies/ ... more >>
document Pedestrian Conspicuity at Night: How Much Biological Motion is Enough?, Transportation Research Board
This paper describes how inadequate conspicuity has been shown to be a key causal factor in nighttime vehicle-pedestrian collisions. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Strategies and Resources for Mayors to Support Bicycling and Walking, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This flier explains all the ways that Mayors can promote bicycling and walking in their communities. ... more >>
document Guide for Curing of Portland Cement Concrete Pavements, Federal Highway Administration
This document provides guidance on details of concrete curing practice as they pertain to construction of portland cement concrete pavements. ... more >>
document Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities, International City/County Management Association (ICMA)
This report focuses on smart growth strategies that can help guide growth in rural areas while protecting natural and working lands and preserving the rural character of existing communities. ... more >>
document Highway Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians, Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by FHWA in 1998. ... more >>
document PBIC Case Study Compendium, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A collection of all case studies developed by the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center and the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP). ... more >>
document Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for trail projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses case studies to illustrate the successful use of networking, ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Questionnaire Form, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics, The Gallup Organization
This document is a transcript of the script followed by data collectors for the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes and Behaviors. ... more >>
document Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility,
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management, ... more >>
document National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Brochure, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brochure gives a short overview of the study methodology and results, in addition to contact information. ... more >>
web Active Living by Design, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, UNC School of Public Health.
Active Living by Design is a national program that establishes innovative approaches to increase physical activity through community design, public policies and communications strategies. ... more >>
document Innovative Financing for Transportation Enhancements Projects, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for Transportation projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses local case studies to illustrate the successful use of several types of legislative provision. ... more >>
web Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center Library, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
This page contains links to all the publications and research material developed by the Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center. ... more >>
document Street Design: Part 1 - Complete Streets, Federal Highway Administration
From policy statements to programs and planning, opportunities abound for improving the accessibility of the transportation system for all users. ... more >>
document Transportation Pooled Fund Program, Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
The Transportation Pooled Fund (TPF) Program allows State departments of transportation (DOTs) and the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to leverage resources, avoid duplication of effort, and join forces on planning and research projects of mutual interest. ... more >>
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel Demand Forcasting, Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes data collection activities performed at eight different sites in Texas urban areas. ... more >>
document The Effect of Crosswalk Markings on Vehicle Speeds in Maryland, Virginia, and Arizona, Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effect of pavement markings on pedestrian safety at six sites in three states. ... more >>
document Evaluation of Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes research conducted to evaluate bicycle and pedestrian facilities (i.e. shared use trails) with user satisfaction and perception surveys. ... more >>
document Public Policies for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
A policy review for bicycling and walking safety and mobility from an International Scan conducted in May of 2009 in Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK. ... more >>
document Increasing Physical Activity Through Community Design 2010 Update, National Center for Bicycling & Walking
This guide tells you how to help create places for people to walk and bicycle. ... more >>
multimedia The Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This PowerPoint presentation provides information on the costs of injury in the United States, including that caused by motor vehicles. ... more >>
document Statewide Opportunities for Integrating Operations, Safety, and Multimodal Planning, Federal Highway Administration
A reference manual designed to provide "how to" information to assist transportation professionals in taking actions to integrate operations, safety, and multimodal transportation planning. ... more >>
document Building Livable Communities with Transit, Federal Transit Administration
This booklet presents some of the successes - in terms of planning, development, and implementation - of the community-sensitive transportation facility development process. ... more >>
document Centers for Disease Control Injury Fact Book, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This document looks at the nature and costs of injuries in the United States. Information on pedestrian injuries may be found on page 66 of the document, and information on road traffic safety starts on page 71. ... more >>
web The Mature Driver: Safety and Mobility Issues, Federal Highway Administration, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project surveys both the literature and the practice to examine the variables that relate to aging drivers and safety. In addition, it analyzes accident and violation data in New Jersey from 1993- ... more >>
document Pedestrian Crashes and Treatments From Around the World, UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
Pedestrian crashes and related deaths and injuries continue to be a serious problem in industrialized and developing countries throughout the world. ... more >>
document How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change. ... more >>
document Changing Directions: Federal Transportation Spending in the 1990s, Surface Transportation Policy Project
In this report, the Surface Transportation Policy Project analyzes ten years of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fiscal Management Information System as well as reports from the Federal Transit Administration that track how the states have spent federal transportation dollars. ... more >>
document Mayor's Committee on the Built Environment, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Louisville Mayor initiates improvement to the pedestrian environment through a health program, a committee on the built environment, a bike summit, and an upcoming pedestrian summit. ... more >>
web Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration website provides information on a wide variety of policy documents and national statistics. ... more >>
document Creating a Healthy Environment: The Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health. "In this monograph, [the authors] address...land-use decisions, discuss how they affect our health, and offer some suggestions on how public health professionals can collaborate with their colleagues in land- ... more >>
document Traffic Safety Bilingual Glossary, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This glossary provides traffic safety terms and phrases in both English and Spanish. ... more >>
web FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, Federal Highway Administration
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program website presents information on funding, legislation, and design standards. It also provides federal publications related to pedestrian and bicycle issues. ... more >>
document New York City Complete Streets Design Guidance, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of complete streets design guidelines in New York City. ... more >>
document Traffic Safety Facts: Pedestrians, National Center for Statistics and Analysis at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This fact sheet provides data on pedestrian crashes separated into various categories including age group, time of day, and alcohol involvement in the accident. ... more >>
document Reclaiming Broadway's Public Space, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Beginning in 2008, NYC DOT reclaimed much of the street space along Broadway for pedestrian use. ... more >>
web FHWA National Highway Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information on training courses, instructor certification, and fellowships offered by the National Highway Insitute. ... more >>
web National Crash Analysis Center, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center (NCAC) website provides research results, modeling methods, and library databases concerning vehicle occupant safety. ... more >>
document Understanding and Using Signalized Crossings in Australia: The Pedestrian's Perspective,
The views of Australian pedestrians towards signalized pedestrian crossings are presented here. ... more >>
web Turner Fairbank: Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Web site provides information on issues and research related to improving pedestrian and bicyclist (pedalcyclist) safety. ... more >>
document FHWA Office of Highway Safety, Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Volume Modeling for Traffic Safety and Exposure Analysis, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper examines three types of pedestrian volume models in light of their usefulness for estimating pedestrian exposure for pedestrian safety research. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety. ... more >>
web House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, United States House of Representatives
This website provides up-to-date information on legislation related to transportation and infrastructure in the United States. ... more >>
document Quantitative Measurement Procedures for Pedestrian Service at Signalized Intersections, Transportation Research Board
This paper presents a case study evaluating pedestrian service based on three discrete pedestrian crossing outcomes: non-conflicting, compromised, and failed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Bicycle and Pedestrian Provisions of Federal Transportation Legislation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The legislation has numerous provisions that relate to improving conditions for bicycling and walking and increasing the safety of the two modes. ... more >>
document State and Regional Agencies Work with Community Members in Charleston, National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report on Transportation and Health
A partnership for health in Charleston, South Carolina, uses a citizen survey to help determine and ensure preferred allocation of transportation funds to pedestrian and bicycle facilities. ... more >>
web National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA), National Highway Transportation Safety Administration
The site provides information and materials concerning transportation safety. ... more >>
document Recommended Walking Speeds for Pedestrian Clearance Timing Base on Pedestrian Characteristics, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Data from 1,947 pedestrian crossing events measured at eleven intersections in Madison and Milwaukee, Wisconsin were analyzed to determine the effect of subject age and disability, intersection traffic control condition, ... more >>
document Code of Federal Regulations 23, Part 652, United States Government Printing Office
This document provides policies and procedures relating to the provision of pedestrian and bicycle accommodations on Federal-aid projects, and Federal participation in the cost of these accommodations and projects. ... more >>
document Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic ... more >>
document Community Involvement During the Planning Process, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community and advocacy groups in Norfolk engage local residents to determine high priority pedestrian and bicycle issues on a major commercial corridor. ... more >>
web NHTSA Injury Prevention Page, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This site provides information on injury prevention, driver performance, and crashes. ... more >>
document Street Crossing Issues for Persons With Cognitive Disabilities, Delaware County, Pennsylvania; Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority
This paper discusses issues and skills affecting safe crossing by persons with cognitive disabilities, and calls for research to identify design features, signalization and technologies that can enable users with cognitive disabilities to cross safely. ... more >>
document Community Action and Fundraising in Portland, Oregon, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community group in Portland partners with a local business, the city, and DOT to improve the pedestrian environment through specially designed umbrellas and multiple engineering measures. ... more >>
web Office of Highway Safety Pedestrian/Bicyclist Safety Program, Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety
This site is designed to make it easier for the pedestrian safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, design, and operation needs for pedestrian facilities. ... more >>
document Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways provisions of Section 217 of Title 23, as amended by TEA-21, describe how Federal-aid funds may be used for bicycle and pedestrian projects. ... more >>
document Get Active Orlando, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Orlando uses a "get active" campaign funded through Active Living by Design to encourage walking and bicycling in its downtown. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety Roadshow, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the Roadshow is to assist communities in developing their own approach to identifying and solving the problems that affect pedestrian safety and walkability. The website contains an overview of the program and links to statistics and tools concerning pedestrians. ... more >>
document Corridor Traffic Calming, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community members initiate a negotiation process with local officials to decrease speeding in their neighborhoods and improve the pedestrian environment. ... more >>
web Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), United States Department of Transportation
The web site provides detailed information on the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA 21) funding laws. ... more >>
document Variation of Walking Speeds on a Unidirectional Walkway and on a Bidirectional Stairway, Transportation Research Board
This paper describes a study of walking speed reliability under uni-directional and bidirectional pedestrian flow conditions within Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway stations. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Bicycle & Pedestrian Technical Summary, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document summarizes the changes made by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21). ... more >>
document Engineering Solutions to Pedestrian Safety, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Cambridge develops a pedestrian plan and increases sidewalk maintenance enforcement to improve its pedestrian environment. ... more >>
web Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) National Transportation Library, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This online research database offers the option to search all documents classified under pedestrian, bicycles, or both. ... more >>
document Walking in Waikiki: Measuring the Impact of Street Performers on Pedestrian Level-of-Service in an Urban Resort District, Transportation Research Board
The purpose of this study is to examine pedestrian conditions in Waikiki, the most urbanized area in Honolulu. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. ... more >>
document Crash Data: Pedestrians, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This 3-page document gives an overview of the characteristics of pedestrian crashes, in addition to data on when and where pedestrian deaths most often occur. ... more >>
document Effects of Individualized Feedback on Car Drivers' Speed at Pedestrians Crossings,
Investigation of the effects of a device which has been developed to mitigate risk of pedestrians during street crossing decreasing of car speeds and facilitating attention to vulnerable road users. ... more >>
document Economic Impacts of Protecting Rivers, Trails, and Greenway Corridors, Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance, National Park Service
This report is intended to be a compilation of the most recent information on parks, trails, and greenways. ... more >>
document Keep Kids Alive, Drive 25, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Targeted public awareness campaign in Omaha results in significant vehicle speed reductions on neighborhood streets. ... more >>
document A User Manual for Pedestrian Safety Programs, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This User Manual is designed to guide community advocates through the process of building a communitywide pedestrian safety program. ... more >>
document Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results, Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered. ... more >>
web United States Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board), United States Access Board
The Access Board is an independent Federal agency devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety Handbook, American Council of the Blind
American Council for the Blind's handbook for improving the pedestrian environment that focuses on guaranteeing people who are blind or visually impaired access to intersection identification and traffic control information. ... more >>
web U. S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), U. S. Department of Transportation
This site provides information on policies, regulations, research, grants, and more. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Behavior and Perception in Urban Walking Environments, Journal of Planning Literature
This report looks at how pedestrians will respond to characteristics of the environment as they formulate and enact their walking itineraries. This resource can be purchased through the Sage Journals Online. ... more >>
web American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
AASHTO's primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system. The site offers and extensive online bookstore. ... more >>
document Age-Related Differences in Street-Crossing Safety Before and After Older Pedestrians' Training,
The objective of the study was to develop and assess a behavior-training program aimed at enhancing the safety of elderly pedestrians via simulator-based training in street crossing. ... more >>
document Enhancing America's Communities, National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This guide, in its second edition, is a road map for navigating your way through the transportation enhancement process. ... more >>
web American Planning Association (APA), American Planning Association
The site offers information on research, legislation, community initiatives, careers, and conferences, in addition to offering resources and communication tools for students and professional planners. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Accidents with Left-Turning Traffic at Signalized Intersections, University of Toronto, Federal Highway Administration
This literature review examines pedestrian accidents with left-turning traffic at signalized intersections, with an emphasis on human factors. ... more >>
web American Public Works Association, American Public Works Association
The American Public Works Association is an international educational and professional association of public agencies, private sector companies, and individuals dedicated to providing high quality public works goods and services. ... more >>
web Selecting Pedestrian Safety Improvements, Federal Highway Administration
The Crash Group/General Countermeasure Matrix identifies potential solutions for use by safety practitioners. ... more >>
web American Traffic Safety Services Association, The American Traffic Safety Services Association
ATSSA's core purpose is to advance roadway safety. The site offers services and information for traffic safety product companies, including training and certification. ... more >>
document Police-Reporting of Pedestrians and Bicyclists Treated in Hospital Emergency Rooms, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
This paper reports on analysis of factors associated with the occurance of a match between the emergency room reported cases and state motor vehicle crash data. ... more >>
document The Vulnerable Pedestrian: A Multi Dimensional Problem Based on the Israeli Experience,
An analyses conducted comparing two groups in terms of their involvement in rural versus urban crashes, daytime versus nighttime crashes, time and behavior of the pedestrian prior to the crash. ... more >>
document Development of Computational Models and Databases to Investigate Pedestrian Related Accidents,
An observation study regarding the behavior of drivers and pedestrians when confronted with the time intervals of signals, on signalized crossroads. ... more >>
document Flexible Design of New Jersey's Main Streets, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This research finds a burgeoning national movement away from strict reliance on highway design templates and toward flexible highway design, especially in the Northeastern and Northwestern United States. ... more >>
document Injured Pedestrians in Sweden - Surface Condition,
In Sweden earlier studies have shown that pedestrians are the road user group that are most injured when slippery road conditions. ... more >>
document Fear and Danger Appraisals of a Road Crossing Scenario: A Developmental Perspective,
The study focuses on conceptual, rather than perceptual, examination of the visual timing elements of distance and speed, as integrated into appraisals of risks related to a traffic scenario. ... more >>
web Data Collection and Analysis for Communities, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This report describes how communities can collect data about bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and includes case studies from 27 communities. Future publications will include a recommended practices guide, ... more >>
document Creating Walkable Communities, Mid-America Regional Council (MARC), Bicycle Federation of America, Campaign to Make America Walkable
This report is designed to serve as a tool for local governments and concerned citizens in the Kansas City region. It presents guidelines, suggestions, and techniques on how to make communities more walkable and pedestrian- ... more >>
document Compliance of Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Pedestrians With Traffic Lights in Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Locations,
The study examined the influence of in- and out-group road crossing norms focusing on behaviors of pedestrians in their own in-group environment and in an out-group environment. ... more >>
document A Within-Subject Design of Comparison of Waiting Time of Pedestrians Before Crossing Three Successive Road Crossings,
The study was aimed to compare the waiting time of pedestrians before crossing three successive road crossings. ... more >>
multimedia General Share the Road, Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This public service announcement encourages people to share the road with other users. ... more >>
document Walking - The Worries of Pedestrians,
A project whose aim was to determine the factors which make walking a pleasant, safe, and attractive transport mode. ... more >>
document Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ... more >>
document Guidelines for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities in Texas, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
An overview of the process for planning various types of bicycle and pedestrian projects is provided. ... more >>
document Smart Mobility Framework: Phase I Report (Revised) Definition and Principles Workshop Summary, Caltrans and Environmental Protection Agency
A joint project by Caltrans and EPA to develop a framework for classifying and prioritizing transportation and development projects with a multimodal approach. Caltrans is currently developing this into a Smart Mobility Handbook. ... more >>
document Getting to Smart Growth: 100 More Policies for Implementation, International City/County Management Association
This guide is the fourth primer in a series written and distributed by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Smart Growth Network. ... more >>
document How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This article reviews the current methods of measuring the built environment and travel behavior, and discusses the challenges to determining the connection between environment and physical activity. ... more >>
document Pedestrian- and Transit-Friendly Design, Florida Department of Transportation and American Planning Association
A quick guide to pedestrian needs that must be considered during development. Attention is given to the placement of parks, buildings, transit stops, and sidewalks that create a network to connect these amenities. ... more >>
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente: 100 Políticas Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This Spanish-language guide is the fourth primer in a series created to introduce communities to the benefits of "smart growth." ... more >>
document The Impact of Community Design and Land-Use Choices on Public Health, American Journal of Public Health
This report describes 37 questions that resulted from a workshop on the relationship between the built environment and physical and mental health. The full text may be obtained from PubMed Central at the link below. ... more >>
document Recreational Trails Program, Coalition for Recreational Trails
The Coalition for Recreational Trails with the Federal Highway Administration, developed a database of State trail projects that had received funding from the Recreational Trails Program since the program' ... more >>
document Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente, II: 100 Políticas Adicionales Para Su Implementación, International City/County Management Association
This is the Spanish-language version of the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide. ... more >>
document Walk Alert: Stop, Look Left-Right-Left, Florida Department of Transportation
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety for children, emphasizing strategies to stay alert as a walker and to be seen by drivers. ... more >>
document FITTING PLACES: How the Built Environment Affects Active Living and Active Transportation., Go for Green
This discussion paper is intended to provide an introduction to how the design of cities and town influences the behavior of the people who live in them. ... more >>
document Walkable Communities: Twelve Steps for an Effective Program, Florida Department of Transportation
This document provides a 12 step program for community members to help create a walkable community in which to live. ... more >>
web Walking as a Way of Life, Partnership for a Walkable America
This FHWA Insight article discusses the benefits of walking on the health of older pedestrians. ... more >>
web Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports, Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format) ... more >>
document Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This guide discusses the importance of sidewalks in pedestrian mobility and safety. It defines appropriate facilities and design criteria to accomodate and foster pedestrian movement. ... more >>
document Washington State Pedestrian Collision Data 1990 to 1995, Washinton State Department of Transportation
This report identifies common vehicle pedestrian collision types and provides valuable information to planners, traffic engineers, safety education professionals, law enforcement, walking advocates, ... more >>
document How to enhance WALking and CYcliNG instead of shorter car trips and to make these modes safer (WALCYNG), Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering, University of Lund, Sweden
The purpose of this document is to examine conditions and measures which may enhance walking and cycling instead of making shorter car trips. ... more >>
multimedia What is Traffic Calming?, Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
This image-rich PowerPoint presentation gives a short history of the pedestrian in transportation planning, and illustrates different traffic calming strategies used in various communities. ... more >>
document What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws, Oregon Department of Transportation
This brochure provides information for drivers regarding the safe way to drive, how to avoid hurting pedestrians, and the crosswalk laws in Oregon. ... more >>
web Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom, Michigan Land Use Institute
The Michigan Land Use Institute published this report to detail the problem and expose the challenges of managing growth and design. ... more >>
document What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws (Spanish), Oregon Department of Transportation
This Spanish-language brochure provides information and safety tips for drivers regarding the traffic and crosswalk laws in Oregon. ... more >>
document Healthy Schools for Healthy Kids, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This report details research regarding the state of schools, current active living policies and programs, and ways to improve the health of all students. ... more >>
multimedia Walkable Communities, Iowa Department of Transportation
A 5-minute video featuring Mark Fenton discussing walkable communities, Safe Routes to School and walking school buses. ... more >>
document An Easy to Compute Index for Identifying Built Environments That Support Walking, The Planning and Physical Activity Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Maryland at College Park
This paper builds on prior practical and research applications of ... environmental scores or indices by proposing and testing a built environment index (BEI) calculated at the traffic analysis zone and that relies predominantly on widely available data. ... more >>
document Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations, Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory Committee
This technical assistance publication has been developed to provide guidance in the planning and design of pedestrian improvements constructed as part of an alteration project. ... more >>
web Danish Road Directorate, Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information, ... more >>
web The National Transit Oriented Development Database, Center for Transit-Oriented Development (CTOD)
The National TOD Database provides economic and demographic information for every existing and proposed fixed guideway transit station in the U.S. ... more >>
web Transportation Association of Canada, Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada' ... more >>
web Starting a Walking School Bus, Partnership for a Walkable America
Simple guide to informal and formal walking school buses, including planning a route and logistical details. ... more >>
web Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Roadway Lighting Improvements, Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document describes ways to enhance security and pedestrian safety and comfort with roadway lighting improvements. For each pedestrian or bicycle safety tool, the site explains its function, objective, ... more >>
web Institute of Transportation Engineers, Institute of Transportation Engineers
The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs. ... more >>
document National Survey on Active Transportation, Go for Green
The major objective of the 1998 National Survey on Active Transportation is to establish a baseline of participation in active transportation (walking and cycling) among adults and school aged children in Canada. ... more >>
web Walk To School Day, Partnership for a Walkable America, U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The idea is to walk to school with a purpose -- to promote health, safety, physical activity and concern for the environment. You can plan a day-long event or a year-long event! Find out which cities are already planning to participate and register your own event online. ... more >>
document Iowa Kids on the Move, Iowa Dept. of Transportation & Iowa Bicycle Coalition
Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Curriculum ... more >>
web Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Pedestrian Pushbutton Treatments, San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document discusses traffic control devices to facilitate safe pedestrian crossings. For each tool, the site explains objectives, applications, target popluation, advantages, disadvantages, crash type, ... more >>
document New Community Design to the Rescue, National Governor's Association
This paper discusses the merits of New Community Design (NCD) and the ability of NCD to end sprawl and improve community health. ... more >>
document Making Crosswalks Safer for Pedestrians: Application of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Improve Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks in St. Petersburg, Florida, Center for Urban Transportation Research
Overview of the multidisciplinary program implemented in St. Petersburg, Florida to increase motorists yielding to pedestrians, reduce pedestrian-motor vehicle, and increase pedestrians' feelings of comfort and safety in crosswalks. ... more >>
document Rails with Trails in Canada, Trails Canada
This article outlines some of the potential benefits of rails with trails, concerns, design elements to be considered, and highlights of existing Canadian examples. ... more >>
document Keeping Children Safe in Traffic, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report. ... more >>
document Remarks of Martin E. Robbins: Moving Transportation in the Right Direction, Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University
These are the remarks of Martin E. Robins, Director of the Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute from his talk entitled "Moving Transportation in the Right Direction." ... more >>
document Historic Neighborhood Schools in the Age of Sprawl: Why Johnny Can't Walk to School, National Trust for Historic Preservation
This report examines public policies that affect the neighborhoods in which schools function and the ability of communities to save still serviceable, landmark schools. ... more >>
document Walking, Cycling, and Obesity Rates in Europe, North America, and Australia, Journal of Physical Activity and Health
This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation and obesity rates in different countries. ... more >>
document Association of Workplace Supports With Active Commuting, Preventing Chronic Disease
The association between cultural and physical workplace supports for active commuting and employee active commuting behavior. ... more >>
document Home Zone Concepts and New Jersey, Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University
This report probes the potential for the application of the Dutch concept of woonerf, or Home Zone, for the United States, and particularly New Jersey. ... more >>
web National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 50 and Older, Active Aging Partnership
The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Age 50 and Older was developed as a guide for organizations, associations and agencies to plan strategies to help people age 50 and older increase their physical activity. ... more >>
document How Children See Traffic, TransMadison
This brochure provides information on how children act differently in traffic than do adults, and gives suggestions to help keep children safe. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety and Accessibility Audit Tools, Queensland Government Department of Main Roads
Tool developed by the Queensland government to identify inadequate or unsafe pedestrian facilities. ... more >>
web National Center for Bicycling & Walking, National Center for Bicycling & Walking
The Center's mission is to help create bicycle-friendly and walkable communities across North America by encouraging and supporting the efforts of individuals, organizations, and agencies. ... more >>
document The Feasibility of Protecting Pedestrians Adjacent to Roadways, Bureau of Operations Research, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This paper discusses the role of certain protective devices for separating pedestrians and vehicles along roadways. ... more >>
web Sustainable Highways Self-Evaluation Tool, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), US Department of Transportation
This tool identifies characteristics of sustainable highways and provides techniques to help organizations apply sustainability best practices into roadway projects within system planning, project development, ... more >>
document Walkability Checklist, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
Checklist developed by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PENNDOT) to assess the safety and design compliance of pedestrian and bicycle facilities in Pennsylvania. ... more >>
web School Site Assessment for Traffic Safety, Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions at the school campus. ... more >>
web California Walk to School Day Walkability Checklist, California Walk to School Headquarters
Checklist developed by the California Walk to School Headquarters to promote walking to school, identify barriers, and collect behavioral data about walking to school. ... more >>
document Walking School Bus Guide, iWalk Sonoma
This is a literal, Spanish translation of the Walking School Bus Guide of the English version, provided by the National Center for Safe Routes to School. ... more >>
document Sustainable Transport that Works, World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This paper describes how Germany has balanced high levels of car ownership with safe, convenient, and integrated public transport, cycling, and walking alternatives. ... more >>
document Cycling for a Few or for Everyone, World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This article reports empirical evidence that multi-faceted strategies (education, enforcement, and provision of facilities) are more effective in increasing cycling safety and raising overall cycling levels. ... more >>
document Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs in Madison, Wisconsin, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of a "Yield To Pedestrians" sign in increasing driver compliance with Wisconsin's pedestrian rights laws. ... more >>
document Access Audit Checklist, Sustrans
Tool developed by United Kingdom organization Sustrans to measure the accessibility of paths without motorized traffic. ... more >>
web Bicycle/Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Accessible Pedestrian Signals, San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document describes accessible pedestrian signals (ASPs), which supplement pedestrian signal indications with audible and/or vibrotactile information. For each pedestrian or bicycle safety tool, ... more >>
web Community Toolbox, The National Park Service
The National Park Service's Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance (RTCA) program helps communities work together to improve their special places. They've produced the Community Toolbox, a set of techniques for project development and community participation. ... more >>
web Roadway Connectivity, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This chapter describes how improved roadway connectivity can reduce vehicle travel. The document details how to implementation connected streets and lists benefits, costs, case studies, and their impacts on travel and equity. ... more >>
document How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health, Active Community Environtments (ACES)
This review discusses how urban form affects public health, specifically through the ways in which the built environment encourages or discourages physical activity levels. ... more >>
web Bike Walk Virginia, Bike Walk Virginia
BikeWalk Virginia is an educational nonprofit organization that conducts advocacy, education, and training programs. ... more >>
document Walk the Walk, Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives (T.A.) identifies dangerous intersections, streets and walking zones of particular use to seniors, and aims to transform them into places that are safe and enjoyable for seniors. ... more >>
document Sacramento, CA: Pedestrian Safety Guidelines, City of Sacramento
These guidelines focus on street crossing treatments at controlled and uncontrolled intersections, discussing tools such as pavement marking and signal options and giving attention to roadway design. ... more >>
web Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST), Better Environmentally Sound Transportation
BEST is an advocacy organization that offers volunteer opportunities and works with planners and elected officials to support green transportation in Vancouver and across Canada. ... more >>
document Back-in/Head-out Angle Parking, NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates
This report briefly discusses the design and benefits of back-in/head-out angle parking and shows where the design has already been implemented. ... more >>
document If We Build It, Will They Come?, The Washinton State Department of Transportation
This project describes the Washington State Department of Transportation's (WSDOT) methodology to identify the potential number of pedestrian trips within a suburban roadway corridor. ... more >>
web Coalition for Appropriate Transportation (CAT), Coalition for Appropriate Transportation
Coalition for Appropriate Transportation, an educational charity, works to improve mobility and to educate about safe pedestrian access, bicycling, public transportation, and trail systems. The site contains news, ... more >>
document Impact of Pedestrian Presence on Movement of Left-Turning Vehicles, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This report discusses pedestrian-detection mechanisms that may be useful in intersection warning systems with thresholds for warnings that are adjusted for pedestrians when they are present or in the vicinity of the destination crosswalk. ... more >>
document Transportation-Efficient Land Use Mapping Index(TELUMI), Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
The objective of this project was to devise a conceptually simple tool that operationalized the complex relationship between land use and travel behavior. ... more >>
web Conservation Law Foundation, Conservation Law Foundation
This site contains news updates, research publications, an events calendar, legislative action opportunities, and specific fact sheets on smart growth in New England. ... more >>
document Kirkland's Experience with In-Pavement Flashing Lights at Crosswalks, City of Kirkland
This paper describes Kirkland's experience with flashing crosswalks, including how the system works and how it is installed, effectiveness, response from the public and application criteria. ... more >>
document Improving Pedestrian Access to Transit, WalkBoston
This paper illustrates key steps that activists can take to ensure that mass transit supports community needs and creates livable communities through improved pedestrian access. ... more >>
document Characteristics of Pedestrian Risk in Darkness, The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
This report examines the increased safety risk to pedestrians in darkness by analyzing the distribution of fatal crashes across the annual Daylight Saving Time (DST) transitions. ... more >>
document An Evaluation of Flashing Crosswalks in Gainesville and Lakeland, Florida Department of Transportation
This report describes evaluations of flashing crosswalks in Gainesville and Lakeland ... more >>
document Increasing Physical Activity Through Community Design, National Center for Biking & Walking
This guide describes how to help create places for people to walk and bicycle. ... more >>
document The Effects of Pedestrian Countdown Signals in Lake Buena Vista, Florida Department of Transportation
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of countdown signals at intersections in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. ... more >>
web TravelSmart, Government of Western Australia
TravelSmart is a successful Western Australian community-based program that encourages people to use alternatives to travelling in their private car. An overview of the community-led program is available for download on the site in PDF. ... more >>
web Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS), Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)
PEDS is a member-based advocacy organization dedicated to making metro Atlanta safe and accessible for all pedestrians. The website includes volunteer opportunities, basic facts, news updates, and resources on the Atlanta- ... more >>
web Walking and Bicycling Suitability Assessment Project, WABSA Project
A user-friendly tool designed to assess the suitability of local streets for walking and bicycling. ... more >>
document Is it Safe to Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Security Conditions and Their Effects on Walking, Journal of Planning Literature
This article focuses on a particular environmental variable, the safety of neighborhood surroundings, and explores how it is influencing physical activity. This resource can be purchased through the Sage Journals Online, ... more >>
web PlannersWeb - Planning Commissioners Journal, Planning Commissioners Journal
This website offers a variety of resources for non-professional citizen planners. ... more >>
document Downtown Streets, Transportation Research Board
This paper provides a comparison of one-way versus two-way street systems for downtowns and presents an evaluation methodology for considering two-way conversion. ... more >>
web Prevent Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Preventing Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children Provides information to parents on pedestrian risks for preschool and elementary school children. Safe and Sober Campaign. Taken from the NHTSA website. ... more >>
web Walking the Way to Health Initiative, British Heart Foundation and Natural England
Walking the way to Health Initiative (WHI) aims to get more people walking in their own communities, especially those who take little exercise or live in areas of poor health. ... more >>
document Blind Pedestrians at Unfamiliar Signalized Intersections, Transportation Research Board
This paper presents the results of part of the first phase of a study of crossings by pedestrians who are blind at unfamiliar complex signalized intersections. ... more >>
document Across the Arterial: Mid-block Shared-Use Path Crossings of Multilane Roadways in California, Rails to Trails Conservancy
The focus of this report are these challenging at-grade crossings of multilane roadways at mid-block locations. ... more >>
document Know the Rules for Going To and From School More Safely, National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
Tips to help parents prepare their children for a safer journey to and from school. ... more >>
multimedia Resource Guide on Laws Related to Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The resource guide contains a array of vehicle and traffic laws that may have the potential to affect pedestrian or bicycle safety, either positively or negatively. This guide is for anyone interested in vehicle and traffic laws and pedestrian and bicycle safety. ... more >>
document Operational Defintions of Walkable Neighborhood, Journal of Physical Activity & Health
This study presents objectively measured environmental attributes of self-defined walkable neighborhoods, obtained from multivariate analyses of self-reported walking behavior, neighborhood perception, ... more >>
web Streets in America Are Unsafe and Unforgiving For Kids, Federal Highway Administration
Article by Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Speeding cars, children darting into traffic, and streets without sidewalks place youth at risk on America's roads ... more >>
document The Epidemic of Pediatric Traffic Injuries in South Florida, American Journal of Public Health
The purpose of this study is to outline the distribution, determinants, and effects of pediatric pedestrian trauma (PPT) in our community. ... more >>
document Focusing on the Child Pedestrian, Federal Highway Administration
This one-page flyer reports the 1994 Child Pedestrian Injury and Fatality Rates, desribes common danger situations, and calls for education and traffic calming as preventative measures. ... more >>
document Lessons from Katrina and Rita: What Major Disasters Can Teach Transportation Planners, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper examines failures in hurricane Katrina and Rita emergency response and their lessons for transportation planning in other communities. ... more >>
document A Matched Case-Control Study Evaluating the Effectiveness of Speed Humps in Reducing Child Pedestrian Injuries, American Journal of Public Health
A matched case-control study among Oakland residents younger than 15 years who had been hospitalized after being struck and injured by an automobile on a residential street. ... more >>
web Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Countdown Signals, San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This resource descibes the use of devises that inform pedestrians about how much time is left to cross the street at signalized intersections. For each tool, the site describes the objective, applications, ... more >>
document Little Steps, Bigger Ones to Protect Pedestrians, Insurance Insitute for Highway Safety, Status Report
This report discusses the history of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts, describes typical crash types, and gives examples of different counter-measures to help improve the pedestrian environment. ... more >>
document The impact of a media campaign in the reduction of risk-taking behavior on the part of drivers, Accident, Analysis, & Prevention
As part of an ongoing media educational campaign to enhance pedestrian safety in the Victoria (Canada) metropolitan area, multimedia campaigns have been targeted at drivers. ... more >>
document Low Income Childhood Pedestrian Injury: Understanding the Disparate Risk, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper proposes a model for understanding child pedestrian exposure and risk and its relationship to socioeconomic status. ... more >>
document The Influence of Signs Prompting Motorists to Yield Before Marked Crosswalks on Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Conflicts at Crosswalks with Flashing Amber, Accident, Analysis, & Prevention
The effects of signs reading "STOP HERE FOR PEDESTRIANS" alone and in conjunction with advance stop lines on pedestrian safety at multilane crosswalks with pedestrian-activated amber flashing lights. ... more >>
document Estimating the Employment Impacts of Pedestrian, Bicycle, and Road Infrastructure, Political Economy Research Institute
In this case study, we estimate the employment impacts of various transportation infrastructure projects in the city of Baltimore. ... more >>
web Making America Walkable: It's a Challenge We All Share, Federal Highway Administration
This Federal Highway Administration insight article discusses the challenges facing pedestrians in current city design and ways to improve pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Increasing the Percentage of Drivers Yielding to Pedestrians in Three Canadian Cities with a Multifaceted Safety Program, Health Education Research
This experiment evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted pedestrian safety program in three Canadian cities. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Accidents in Marked and Unmarked Crosswalks, Institute of Transportation Engineers
The main goal of this study is to conduct an examination of a group of pedestrian accidents at unprotected crosswalks in LA and determine the validity of the current practices. ... more >>
document Making Your Community Walkable and Bikeable, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, UNC School of Public Health
This guidebook helps community groups, organizations, and concerned individuals learn how to collaborate with planning staff and other officials to improve their local roads for walking and bicycling. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Fatalities, Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area and United States, 2000-2004, Journal of Safety Research
Data from 2000-2004 from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration was used to describe pedestrian fatalities in Atlanta and to compare Atlanta with the United States overall. ... more >>
document Maryland Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Education Program Administrator's Guide, City of Rockville Department of Recreation and Parks
This Administrator's Guide contains information about why pedestrian and bicycle safety is important, the relevance of each lesson, and the Maryland Learner Outcomes that children will achieve through the lessons. ... more >>
document Walking and Bicycling, American Journal of Health Promotion
A review of all published environmental audit instruments was conducted to provide a foundation for developing more valid and efficient audit tools. ... more >>
document New Jersey: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan, Phase 2, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This plan provides clear guidance for the most effective use of Federal, State, and local resources to implement pedestrian and bicycle facilities. The stated goals and objectives are supported with proposed performance measures to determine the effectiveness and critical success factors. ... more >>
document Mean Streets: How Far Have We Come?, Suface Transportation Policy Project
This report analyzes ten years of data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) maintained by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to determine which metropolitan areas and states have grown more dangerous for walkers, ... more >>
multimedia Wake County Public Schools Modal Choice Survey, Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE), Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This slide presentation reports on the results of a modal choice survey sent to 15 school districts in Wake County, North Carolina. ... more >>
document VTrans 2025: Virginia's Statewide Multimodal Long-Range Transportation Plan, Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Transportation
Virginia's long-range transportation plan, called VTrans2025, is a blueprint for shaping the transportation future. It establishes a commonly held vision, goals, and objectives to guide and direct decision- ... more >>
document Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact, Smart Growth America
This report summarizes a three-year study by Ewing, Pendall, and Chen that attempted to define, measure and evaluate metropolitan sprawl and its impact. This report is the first in a series of findings to be issued based on the ongoing analysis of that work. ... more >>
document Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes: The Influence of Personal and Environmental Factors, University of Maryland
This thesis examines the relationship between land use and pedestrian-vehicle crashes. Analysis focuses on how the pedestrian crashes vary by personal characteristics and physical characteristics of the crash area. ... more >>
document Florida: Pedestrian Planning and Design Handbook, Florida Department of Transportation
The plan presents guidelines, standards, and criteria for pedestrian planning and facilities. It is intended as a reference for any locality, agency, organization, group, or citizen interested in improving the walking environment. ... more >>
document Model Local School Wellness Policies on Physical Activity and Nutrition, National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity
This project contains tools that can be used to improve the wellness program in a school system. Included in this project is a sample declaration, calling for improved wellness policies, physical activity programs, ... more >>
document Georgia Pedestrian & Streetscape Guide, Georgia Department of Transportation
The guide focuses on the design of pedestrian environments and streetscape facilities. It offers technical information on "best practices" that apply to situations encountered in project development. ... more >>
web Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area), Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives' mission is to reclaim New York City's streets from the automobile, and to advocate for bicycling, walking and public transit as the best transportation alternatives. ... more >>
document ADA Transition Plans, The National Academies, National Academy of Sciences, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The purpose of this document is to ensure that ideas, information, and practices concerning the development and updating of Transition Plans are recognized, recorded, and shared among Departments of Transportation. ... more >>
document Complete Streets Policy Analysis 2010, National Complete Streets Coalition
This report documents the rapid growth of Complete Streets policy adoption and provides a standard analysis of the content of more than 200 written policies adopted before January 1, 2011. ... more >>
document Vermont: Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual, Vermont Agency of Transportation
The manual assists agencies, organizations, and citizens with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of pedestrian facilities in the variety of settings. ... more >>
document Oregon: Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, Oregon Department of Tranportation
This is one of the first plans developed to promote walking. It is in-depth and informative, addressing various aspects of pedestrian planning. ... more >>
document Motorists, Bicyclists and Pedestrians: Sharing the Road Safely, The New York State Department of Transportation
This training supplement is provided to trainers in Driver Improvement Programs to encourage motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians to safely share the road. ... more >>
document Blaming Children for Child Pedestrian Injuries, Federal Highway Administration, Elsevier Science Ltd.
In this paper a case study of a child pedestrian death is presented in order to examine the apportionment of responsibility for child pedestrian injuries. ... more >>
document Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking. ... more >>
document Neighborhood-Scale Planning Tools to Create Active, Livable Communities, Local Government Commission, Active Living Leadership
This guide is a tool for community members to use to help create a more active, livable community. ... more >>
document North Carolina: Planning and Designing Local Pedestrian Facilities, North Carolina Department of Transportation
The Local Pedestrian Facilities manual provides suggestions and guidelines for local planners and traffic engineers to increase pedestrian safety and friendliness. ... more >>
document Washington: Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook, Washington State Department of Transportation
The purpose of the Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook is to assist various agencies and organizations in pedestrian planning and encourage good design practices when developing these spaces. ... more >>
web Pennsylvania: Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines is one part of Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for Pennsylvania. The design guidelines focus on best practices for sidewalks, intersections, ... more >>
document District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines, District Department of Transportation
To reduce the negative impact of motor vehicle use and ensure overall safety, the District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines provide a process for involving the public in implementing traffic calming measures. ... more >>
document Oakland Chinatown Pedestrian Scramble: An Evaluation, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This project evaluates whether the installation of a pedestrian scramble at a particular location in Oakland, California, increased pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Idaho Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan, Idaho Transportation Department
This document serves as a first step in establishing a statewide vision and comprehensive approach to pedestrian transportation planning. ... more >>
document Wisconsin Pedestrian Policy Plan 2020, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Plan provides a basic description of existing and emerging pedestrian needs over the next 20 years, with a set of recommendations to meet those needs. The Wisconsin Department of Transportaion' ... more >>
web Denver, CO: Pedestrian Master Plan, City and County of Denver
The plan establishes a city-wide pedestrian network. It uses a detailed development process that incorporates existing conditions assessment, existing plans, GIS studies, public involvement, and policy review. ... more >>
document Older Pedestrian Fatalities in New Jersey, 1999-2000, Center for Health Statistics at The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
This study examines whether there are demographic or geographical characteristics that contribute to the risks of people aged 65 years and older, those in the age group with the highest pedestrian mortality rates. ... more >>
document Marina, CA Pedestrian and Bicycle Master Plan, Local Government Commission
This plan contains a clear outline and discussion of goals and action strategies. It offers a comprehensive street inventory and assessment of deficiencies. ... more >>
web City of Cambridge, MA Environmental and Transportation Division, City of Cambridge
The City of Cambridge's pedestrian program works to improve walking conditions in the city through engineering improvements, promotional activities, and educational project. ... more >>
document Bellevue, WA: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Plan Update, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This is a policy-oriented document that aims to revise the 30-year plan. It presents key issues that have appeared during the implementation of pedestrian facilities, proving to be a helpful resource for localities considering such improvements. ... more >>
web National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project, Alta Planning and Design and the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Pedestrian and Bicycle Council
This nationwide effort provides consistent model of data collection and ongoing data for use by planners, governments, and bicycle and pedestrian professionals. ... more >>
document Get To School (and back again) Safely Gameboard, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This activity can be downloaded and played in small groups within the classroom to complement educational efforts to address safety regarding walking, bicycling and Safe Routes to School. ... more >>
document San Diego, CA: Planning and Designing for Pedestrians, SANDAG, San Diego's Regional Planning Agency
These guidelines provide an extremely thorough look at how to plan and design for the pedestrian. ... more >>
document Overcoming Opposition to Bicycling, Walking and Trail Development, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This report focuses on ways to create trails in communities with localized resistance to the construction. ... more >>
document Portland, OR: Pedestrian Master Plan, City of Portland
The Master Plan outlines an action plan to achieve the city's pedestrian-oriented goals. To identify needed improvements, the plan used a rigorous identification process, including several opportunities for public input. ... more >>
web Oregon Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, State of Oregon
This site provides infomation for local residents in addition to a variety of resources adaptable to general users, including design guides and standard drawings. ... more >>
document Madison, WI: Pedestrian Transportation Plan, City of Madison
This plan dedicates a significant section to the history and importance of pedestrian planning, as well as "thinking like a pedestrian." ... more >>
document Chapel Hill, NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Action Plan, Town of Chapel Hill
This is a concise, general plan that provides a foundation for future pedestrian planning. ... more >>
document Oakland, CA: Pedestrian Master Plan, City of Oakland
The plan is a fine example of how to examine census information and pedestrian collision data, showing graphs on speed, location, time of day, age, etc. ... more >>
document Arizona: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, Arizona Department of Transportation
This is a guide for making pedestrian-related transportation decisions at the State and local level. The plan provides a long-term agenda for implementing a system of pedestrian facilities on the ADOT State Highway System and seeks to coordinate the relationship between ADOT and smaller jurisdictions. ... more >>
document Cambridge, MA: Pedestrian Plan, City of Cambridge
This is a beautiful and creative plan that addresses safety and walkability. It begins with general pedestrian issues and then moves on to specific action in Cambridge. ... more >>
web Measuring Walking, European Cooperation in Science and Technology [COST], Pedestrian Quality Needs [PQN], Walk21
Measuring Walking is a joint (informal) project of the European COST Action 358 'Pedestrian Quality Needs' and the WALK21 international conference series. ... more >>
web Links to pedestrian issues and organizations provided by PEDS, Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)
This page provides links to both Atlanta-based and national organizations including neighborhood associations, transportation agencies, and advocacy groups. ... more >>
document Predicting walkability, NZ Transport Agency
This research provides a number of mathematical formulas for predicting the quality of the walking environment from the perspective of the user using operational and physical variables. ... more >>
document Phoenix, AZ: Pedestrian Plan 2000, Maricopa Association of Governments
The Maricopa Association of Governments plan promotes the accommodation of pedestrian travel throughout the low-density, automobile-oriented Phoenix metropolitan area. ... more >>
document Seattle, WA: Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Implementation Strategy for the Central Puget Sound Region, Puget Sound Regional Council
This regional plan identifies more than 2,000 miles of needed bike lanes and oaths and pedestrian improvements around activity centers. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Evaluation for the City of Emeryville at Four Intersections, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This study attempts to predict the impacts of increasing volumes of vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic in Emeryville, California. ... more >>
web Boulder, CO: Transportation Master Plan, City of Boulder
Pedestrian planning is fully integrated into the Boulder, CO Transportation Master Plan. The plan outlines modal split targets of 15 percent by bike and 24 percent by foot by 2020 and offers a variety of resources to transportation officials seeking to increase pedestrian travel. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicyclist Standards and Innovations in Large Central Cities, Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management at NYU Wagner
The report reviews how best to accommodate the use of bicycles and walking while ensuring safety and sufficient mobility for motor vehicles for large central cities and provides examples of best practices in various cities nationally and internationally. ... more >>
web Getting There Together, Easter Seals Project ACTION
A two-hour training activity designed to teach members of the general public how to work together to support accessible sustainable transportation (i.e., public transportation) in their community. ... more >>
document Give Elderly Pedestrians More Time To Cross Intersections, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
The objective of this research was to determine the difficulties encountered at five intersections in Miami Beach by older pedestrians, and to generate recommendations that address these difficulties. ... more >>
document A Study of Land Use, Transportation, Air Quality, and Health (LUTAQH) in King County, WA, Lawrence Frank & Co., GeoStats, Inc, San Diego State University, University of Cincinnati
This research documents the impact of land use decisions and transportation investments and suggests strategies for allocating resources to encourage more compact, mixed use neighborhoods with more transportation choices. ... more >>
document Hey! Older pedestrians need more time than that to cross a street!, Highway Safety Research Center
This article focuses on the need for longer traffic walk lights, zoning, and education for the older pedestrian population. This article was written for the Partnership for a Walkable America by Emily Smith of the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center. ... more >>
document Public health benefits of strategies to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions: urban land transport, The Lancet
Comparative Risk Assessment methods were used to estimate the health effects of alternative urban land transport scenarios for two settings -- London, UK, and Delhi, India. ... more >>
document Reevaluating the Role of Public Transit for Improving Urban Transportation, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates the role that public transit can play in reducing traffic congestion and achieving other transportation improvement objectives. ... more >>
document Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems. ... more >>
graphic Pedestrian Design Treatments, Washington State Department of Transportation
These diagrams provide illustrative examples of different design treatments for intersections. ... more >>
document Traffic Education of Children 4-12 Years Old, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research
The report contains an assessment of existing traffic education programs for children ages 4-12. ... more >>
web Walkable Communities Library, Walkable Communities, Inc.
This website provides a selection of resources including richly illustrated posters demostrating levels of service and treatment options, in addition to a variety of short papers, checklist, sample brochures and more, ... more >>
document Pedestrian Grade Separation Locations: A Priority Ranking System, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report describes the development of a priority ranking system for locations whre the installation of a pedestrian grade separation is proposed. ... more >>
document A Review of ITS-Based Pedestrian Injury Countermeasures, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This report reviews previous scientific evaluation of red light enforcement cameras, illuminated walk signal push buttons, automated pedestrian detection systems for traffic signals, flashing crosswalk lights, ... more >>
document Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis,
Study conducted to quantify the effect of the introduction of 20 mph (32 km an hour) traffic speed zones on road collisions, injuries, and fatalities in London. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Checklist: Teach Your Children, National Safe Kids Campaign
This checklist provides a list of topics parents should cover when instructing children regarding pedestrian safety. ... more >>
web Pedestrian Safety Talking Points, NHTSA
This list of pedestrian safety talking points is a useful tool for making presentations to community groups and organizations. It explains the effects of motor vehicle crashes on pedestrian safety and provides statistics regarding pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Active Facts: Parks, Trails, and Recreation, Active Living Resource Center
This document stresses the importance of recreation in our everyday lives and the role that parks and trails play in encouraging active lifestyles. It provides indicators to assess your community recreational services. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Curriculum, Bicycle Transportation Alliance
This document is a sample in-school program delivered to 2nd and 3rd graders. ... more >>
document Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents, International City/County Management Association
This guide explains the connections between active living and social equity, provides a toolbox of local government strategies for promoting active living equitably, and highlights notable examples of local initiatives from around the country. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Handbook, San Francisco Department of Public Health
This handbook contains information on pedestrian safety in the San Francisco area. Includes a primer on pedestrian crashes, myths and facts about pedestrian safety, signage, what to do if one is involved in a crash, ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Handbook (Chinese), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This Chinese-language handbook contains information on pedestrian safety in the San Francisco area. Includes a primer on pedestrian crashes, myths and facts about pedestrian safety, signage, what to do if one is involved in a crash, ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Handbook (Russian), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This Russian-language handbook contains information on pedestrian safety in the San Francisco area. Includes a primer on pedestrian crashes, myths and facts about pedestrian safety, signage, what to do if one is involved in a crash, ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Handbook (Spanish), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This Spanish-language handbook contains information on pedestrian safety in the San Francisco area. Includes a primer on pedestrian crashes, myths and facts about pedestrian safety, signage, what to do if one is involved in a crash, ... more >>
web Active Design Guidelines, NYC Department of Design and Construction
Provides architects and urban designers with a manual of strategies for creating healthier buildings, streets and urban spaces, based on the latest academic research and best practices in the field. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Albany Street Bridge Corridor, Voorhees Transportation Center, New Jersey Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This document is a summary of the results of the Pedestrian Safety Roadshow that examined pedestrian safety along the Albany Street Bridge corridor in New Jersey. ... more >>
document Transport Policy in Perspective: 2010, Japan Research Center for Transport Policy
A booklet giving a general view of the trends in policy and research concerning motor vehicles and road traffic in Japan. ... more >>
document Pennsylvania's Traffic Calming Handbook, Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
"Pennsylvania's Traffic Calming Handbook" provides guidance for PennDOT when considering the use of traffic calming measures on State roadways in Pennsylvania. ... more >>
document Active Living Approaches by Local Government, International City/County Management Association
This paper discusses the results of surveys of local government officials regarding their ability to encourage active living in communities. ... more >>
document Active Transportation Policy Issues, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper provides background information on active transportation to facilitate discussion of national active transportation policy and legislation at the Active Transportation Roundtable. ... more >>
document Lista de Condiciones para Caminar (Spanish Walkability Checklist), California Walk to School Day
This is a Spanish-language version of a Walkability Checklist, designed for parents and children to assess their route to school. ... more >>
web America's Kids are More Inactive Than Ever - Walking Can Make a Healthy Difference, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper discusses the role of walking and physical activity in combating childhood obesity. ... more >>
web Easter Seals Project ACTION's Monthly E-Newsletter, Easter Seals
Easter Seals newsletter, Extra which works to help all who are working toward the mission of creating and improving accessible transportation for people with disabilities. ... more >>
document An Intensive Pedestrian Safety Engineering Study Using Computerized Crash Analysis, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper describes the technical procedures and the pedestrian countermeasure plan that resulted from an intensive study designed to analyze pedestrian injuries by zones (i.e., neighborhoods or districts) ... more >>
web Step Up to Better Health, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
A motivating 10 week walking program designed to boost daily activity. ... more >>
document Railbanking Factsheet, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This fact sheet is resource for community members to use to help maintain rail easements and convert them to public trails. ... more >>
web Get Fit on Route 66, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
Convert your physical activity minutes to miles as you take a virtual journey down this legendary highway. ... more >>
web The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity, US Department of Health and Human Services
Overweight and obesity have reached nationwide epidemic proportions. Both the prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity and their associated health problems are important public health goals. ... more >>
web Staying Motivated, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
Many articles about walking to help you stay the course and keep walking. ... more >>
document Rails-Trails and Community Sentiment, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This report examines 125 trails that opened between January 1, 2021 and August 31, 2021 in an effort to accurately depict the level of opposition that trail projects routinely encounter. ... more >>
document Starting a Walking Group, American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), The Corporation for National and Community Service
Walking Group Tool Kit is designed to provide individuals, organizations and community groups easy ideas on how to start a walking group. ... more >>
web School Health Guidelines and Strategies, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
CDC has published a series of guidelines documents that identify the school health program strategies most likely to be effective in promoting healthy behaviors among young people. Based on extensive reviews of research literature, ... more >>
document Rails-Trails and Safe Communities, Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, National Park Service
This paper discusses the results of a survey of all rail-trail managers and documents the level of crime on trails and identify the mitigation measures used by trail designers and managers. ... more >>
web Planning for Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and Transit Riders, Montana Department of Transportation
Transportation planning strategies to help promote walking, biking, and transit use as well as integrate such travel modes into the local community planning realm provided by the Montana DOT. ... more >>
web American Volkssport Association, American Volkssport Association
A national membership group that focuses on sharing the spirit of walking. It has 300 clubs and organizes an annual convention. ... more >>
web America Walks, America Walks
America Walks is a national coalition of local advocacy groups dedicated to promoting walkable communities. Our members are autonomous grassroots organizations from across the country, each working to improve conditions for walking in their area. ... more >>
web Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking. ... more >>
document Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity, American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol 18.1
This ecologic study reveals that urban form could be significantly associated with some forms of physical activity and some health outcomes. ... more >>
web Center for Livable Communities, Local Government Commission
The Center for Livable Communities helps local governments and community leaders be proactive in their land use and transportation planning, and adopt programs and policies that lead to more livable and resource- ... more >>
document Review and Comparison of NJ Traffic Signal Standards for Striping Schemes for Pedestrian Crossings, Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute
This paper presents findings of enhanced and more innovative practices of traffic signal standards and striping schemes that could be applied to pedestrian crossings throughout New Jersey. ... more >>
document Road Diets: Fixing the Big Roads, Walkable Communities
This paper explores the use of road diets to manage vehicular transportation. ... more >>
document Safety in Numbers: More Walkers and Bicyclists, Safer Walking and Bicycling, Injury Prevention
This paper examines the relationship between the numbers of people walking or bicycling and the frequency of collisions between motorists and walkers or bicyclists. ... more >>
document Toward Universal Access: Americans with Disabilities Act Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report for the City of Bellevue, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report pinpoints pedestrian facilities requiring additional assessment and potential modification to ensure that the City's public rights-of-way meet ADA standards. ... more >>
document City of Bellevue Pedestrian & Bicycle Transportation Plan Report, City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report contains information on the policies and projects in the Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Facility Plan, and describes the deliberative process that created it. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Safety Toolkit Resource Catalog, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
A guide for pedestrian safety activists to help them locate resources that fit their needs. Includes steps to starting a pedestrian safety program and a list of resources that will be needed. 80 pages. ... more >>
web Community Design and Transportation Policies, The Physician and Sports Medicine
This article discusses the benefits of and the challenges to promoting physical activity through urban design. ... more >>
document International Walk to School October 2, 2002: Why is it important? Why should my school participate?, Voorhees Transportation Center
This paper looks at possible solutions to the problems associated with driving to school such as diminishing air quality and depleting resources. ... more >>
document School Administrator's Guide to School Walk Routes and Student Pedestrian Safety, Washington Traffic Safety Commission and Washington State DOT
The School Administrator's Guide to School Walk Routes and Student Pedestrian Safety provides resources to help develop, maintain, and improve school walk routes. ... more >>
multimedia Community Design, Active Living and Public Health, AICP, Local Government Commission
This PowerPoint presentation walks the viewer through documents that explain how communities can be made safer for pedestrians and automobile traffic in order to increase physical activity. ... more >>
document Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl, Smart Growth America, Surface Transportation Policy Project
This report presents the first national study to show a clear association between the type of place people live and their activity levels, weight, and health. ... more >>
document Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting, Environmental Protection Agency
"Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting," released by the EPA on October 8, 2003, is the first study to empirically examine the relationship between school locations, the built environment around schools, ... more >>
document Driving, Walking, and Where You Live: Links to Obesity, McCann Consulting
This study shows a strong link between time spent driving and obesity: every additional 30 minutes spent in a car each day translates into a 3 percent greater chance of being obese. ... more >>
web Cool Pedestrian Environments,
This website is a resource for pedestrian planning, design, and safety documents, and includes web links to other resources. ... more >>
document Obesity Relationships with Community Design, Physical Activity, and Time Spent in Cars, American Journal of Preventive Medicine
The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the built environment around each participant's place of residence and self-reported travel patterns (walking and time in a car), ... more >>
document An Analysis of North Carolina Guidelines and Criteria for Establishing School Walk Zones, North Carolina Department of Transportation, North Carolina State University, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) initiated a project to research the potential for development of standardized school walk zone policies for the state. This report contains the results and recommendations of the study. ... more >>
document The Influence of Traffic Calming Devices Upon Fire Vehicle Travel Times, Portland Department of Transportation
The paper presents the results of a research project conducted by the City of Portland to measure the affects of both traffic circles and speed bumps on response times for various types of fire apparatus. ... more >>
document Active Transportation in Urban Areas, National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health
The aim of this document is to provide Canadian policy makers, transportation engineers and urban planners with an overview of the potential health benefits and risks of active transportation. ... more >>
document Achieving Support for Traffic Mitigation from Elected Officials and Emergency Services, City of Phoenix, Arizona, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This paper discusses techniques for achieving support from neighborhood residents, elected officials, emergency service providers, and more. Also provided is a brief introduction to Phoenix and a description of Phoenix' ... more >>
document Environmental Factors Associated with Adults' Participation in Physical Activity., American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This paper provides an overview of the measures that have been used to assess environmental attributes and to review the patterns of environment-behavior associations that have thus far been identified. ... more >>
document Maryland Safe Routes to School Guidebook: A Guide for Parents and Communities, Maryland Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee & Maryland Department of Transportation
A comprehensive, 49-page guidebook that introduces the Safe Routes to School program to schools, parents and communities in Maryland and explains how to implement an Safe Routes to School program. ... more >>
web Second Generation Traffic Calming Project, Creative Communities International
The goal of the book is to give cities and residents new tools to tame traffic that don't interfere with existing measures, particularly around schools and in neighborhoods. ... more >>
web Completing the Streets for Transit, National Complete Streets Coalition, Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program
The National Complete Streets Coalition is working to fully integrate multi-modal planning practices into everyday activities at transportation planning agencies. ... more >>
web Appropriate Traffic Calming Techniques for Small Iowa Communities, Shauna Hallmark
The purpose of the project was to evaluate traffic-calming treatments on the major road through small Iowa communities using either single-measure low-cost or gateway treatments. ... more >>
document Skateboard Helmets, Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
This flyer provides safety and buyer information on skateboarding helmets. ... more >>
document Effective Visualization Techniques for the Public Presentation of Transportation Projects, New England Transportation Consortium, University of Connecticut
The purpose of this project was to look at ways to develop more coherent and effective approaches for presenting transportation projects to the public. ... more >>
document From the Margins to the Mainstream, Surface Transportation Policy Partnership
Designed to demystify complexities of transportation laws, programs and processes, the Guide can help take advantage of opportunities to make communities healthy, safe and livable. ... more >>
document Status Report: Roundabouts, Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This status report reviews studies concerning motorist and pedestrian safety in roundabouts. ... more >>
document School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas research project was to develop guidelines for the protection of young pedestrians (5 -14 yrs) walking to and from school, entering and leaving school buses, ... more >>
document An Overview of the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program (FTBSEP),
The primary goal of the FTBSEP is to reduce injuries and fatalities by teaching children knowledge and skills needed to be predictable and competent pedestrians and bicyclists throughout their lives. ... more >>
document Bicyclists and Pedestrians Have a Legal Right to the Road, Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This document explains the appropriate behavior for pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorists in order to safely share the road. ... more >>
document Streets for People: Your Guide to Winning Safer and Quieter Streets, Transportation Alternatives
Streets for Poeple is a tool kit of solutions for traffic problems around New York City, which can be applied elsewhere. The document includes information of crashes, highlights case studies, and reviews a number of traffic calming measures. ... more >>
document Trail Construction and Maintenance Notebook, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Recreational Trails Program, Federal Highway Administration
This guide focuses on the basics of trail construction and maintenance, presented it in an easy-to-understand fashion, and oriented just to activities done in the field. ... more >>
multimedia Bike and Pedestrian Projects: Best Practices in New Jersey and Beyond, Transportation Policy Institute
This presentation shows examples of good pedestrian and bicycle design in New Jersey. It discusses the need for pedestrian and bicycle facilities and the impact that walkable designs have on public health. ... more >>
web Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic. ... more >>
document Take 30, The Rambler's Association
This booklet is a practicle guide to walking to improve health and well being. Topics include statistics on physical activity and health, case studies of walkers, tips for walking with children, a 10- ... more >>
document Complete Streets: Best Policy and Implementation Practices, American Planning Association (APA)
Drawing on lessons learned from more than 30 communities around the country, this report provides insight into successful policy and implementation practices that have resulted in complete streets. ... more >>
web Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis, Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper discusses the current and potential problems with automobile dependent societies. ... more >>
document The Hidden Health Costs of Transportation, American Public Health Association (APHA)
Health impacts and costs have typically not been considered in the transportation policy, planning, and decision-making process however, existing research can be used to estimate these impacts and costs. ... more >>
web The Economic and Social Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities, National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This article investigates the economic and social benefits of multi-use off-road trails. ... more >>
document The Economic Benefits of Trails, American Hiking Society
This fact sheet descirbes the economic benefits of trails. It finds that the presence of trails encourages the growth of "clean" industries and businesses, helps increase the property values of surrounding lots, ... more >>
document California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking, California Department of Transportation
The California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking provides ambitious goals of a 50 percent increase in bicycling and walking trips by 2010, a 50 percent decrease in bicycle and pedestrian fatality rates by 2010, ... more >>
document The Effects of Roundabouts on Pedestrian Safety, The Southeastern Transportation Center
This paper examines pedestrian safety at roundabouts in the United States using a literature review along with case study analysis, statistical analysis, and simulation analysis to compare pedestrian safety at a conventional signalized intersection to a case study modern roundabout. ... more >>
document Camina con Inteligencia, Virginia, Virginia Department of Health
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety in Spanish. ... more >>
web Can Pedestrian-friendly Planning Encourage Us to Walk?, UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This online article discusses the effect of pedestrian-friendly design on the number of pedestrians in a community and summarizes recent research related to healthm, urban design, and pedestrian safety. ... more >>
document Transportation-Related Land Use Strategies to Minimize Motor Vehicle Emissions, California Air Resources Board
The report suggests community-level performance goals that can reasonably be attained in urban, suburban and rural/exurban communities by implementing packages of transportation-related land use strategies in coordination with a multimodal transportation system. ... more >>
document The Influence of Vertical Illuminance on Pedestrian Visibility in Crosswalk, 18th Biennial Transportation Research Board Visibility Symposium
This project investigates the required lighting levels for crosswalk illumination. ... more >>
document Trail Intersection Design Handbook, Florida Department of Transportation
This detailed handbook discusses design processes and principles of designing trail/roadway intersections. ... more >>
document The Relative Risks of School Travel, Transportation Research Board
This report provides estimates of the relative risk among school travel modes using available information collected at the national level. ... more >>
document The Perception of Pedestrians From the Perspective of Elderly and Experienced Drivers,
This study examined hazard perception abilities among elderly and experienced drivers, particularly with regard to the presence of pedestrians in the urban road environment. ... more >>
document Infrastructure Solutions to Improve Pedestrian Safety,
A comprehensive study aimed at conducting a detailed analysis of pedestrian accidents, a diagnosis of infrastructure problems, and assembling a collection of solutions. ... more >>
document Community Design: A Toolkit for Building Physical Activity Into Daily Life, University of Minnesota Metropolitan Design Center
This community tool kit helps community members work towards a building a healthier community that provides the opportunity to incorporate physical activity into every day life. ... more >>
document Traffic Calming Policy Manual, Municipality of Anchorage Traffic Department
This manual provides a toolbox of traffic calming measures, their effectiveness and some basic guidelines for their implementation. ... more >>
document The Role of Cognitive, Perceptual, and Motor Abilities in Elderly Pedestrians' Street-Crossing Decisions,
The objective of the present study was to better understand the underlying age-related changes that lead to these behaviours, with a special focus on perceptual abilities. ... more >>
document Crosswalks at Roundabouts - Effects of Pedestrian Guard Rails on Utilization,
The goal of this research is to examine the effects of guard rails at roundabouts and the conflicts that may arise. ... more >>
document Trails and Greenways for Livable Communities, Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This paper discusses the role of trails in the design and walkability of a community. It looks at ways to combat sprawl with design and notes that trails and greenways act as solutions for better design. ... more >>
document Creating Safe Built Environments for Children, America Walks
This paper focuses on creating safe built environments for children. ... more >>
document Crossing Rules for Pedestrians, San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road. ... more >>
document Emerging Technology for Roads, Crosswalks, and Pedestrian Safety Zones, Transpo Industries, Inc.
This paper will discuss three innovative products that are specifically designed with pedestrians and motorcycle riders safety in mind. ... more >>
document Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Chinese), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page Chinese-language pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road. ... more >>
document Trends in Walking for Transportation in the United States, 1995 and 2001, Preventing Chronic Disease, Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy
This study examines trends in walking for transportation among U.S. adults and youth ... more >>
document Advanced Yield Markings and Drivers' Performance in Response to Multiple-Threat Scenarios at Mid-Block Crosswalks,
This study compares on a simulator drivers' performance (eye fixations and yielding behaviors) at marked, midblock crosswalks in multi-threat scenarios. ... more >>
document Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Russian), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page Russian-language pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road. ... more >>
document National Observational Survey of Pedestrian Behaviour at Crosswalks,
A national observational survey of pedestrian behaviour was initiated in Israel aiming at characterization of pedestrian behaviour at crossings and providing a basis for long-term monitoring. ... more >>
document Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Spanish), San Francisco Department of Public Health
This Spanish-language document provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Accidents in France: A Descriptive Analysis Based on Fatal Police Reports,
In order to have a better knowledge on pedestrian accidents in France, a study was set up based on fatal pedestrian accidents. ... more >>
document Automated Pedestrian Detection: Assessing Device Effectiveness and Potential Barriers to Acceptance in North America,
This paper presents the findings of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Technical Committee on Automated Pedestrian Detection (APD). ... more >>
document Implementing a "Safe Routes to School" Plan in Kalamaria, Greece,
This paper will report the results of a pilot project attempting to address the problem of decreasing walking to school. ... more >>
document Study on Safe Way to School in Italy,
The way to school is the first and most important approach for children with the use of urban space. ... more >>
document Risk Factors in Road Crossing Among Elderly Pedestrians and Readiness to Adopt Secure Behavior,
This study intends to broaden the understanding of factors involved in risk taking procedure of older pedestrians, and to identify factors related to elderly person's willingness to adopt preventive behavior. ... more >>
document Development and Public Health: Could Our Development Patterns Be Affecting Our Personal Health?, Urban Land
This paper looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health. ... more >>
document Reassessing the Relative Dangers of Walking and Motoring, Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida
This paper proposes a new approach to risk measurement to reassess the relative injury risk from motor vehicles between walking and motoring. ... more >>
document Demographical Changes of European Society and its Impact on Walking and Accessibility of Elderly, Transport Research Centre Brno
Many older people make their journeys by walking however, pedestrian casualty rates are much higher among people over 60 compared with younger adults. ... more >>
document Role of Environmental Attributes in Explaining Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes near Public Schools, Transportation Research Board
This study analyzes pedestrian-vehicular crashes to determine any relationships that may exist between crashes near public schools and the physical and social attributes of these schools. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Walkability in the Czech Urban Areas and Position of Pedestrians, Transport Research Centre Brno
This study maps legal bases for searching optimum outputs within the limits of Czech legal order and mitigates a special legal regime of walking away from roads. ... more >>
document Countdown Signals for Pedestrians in Germany,
A before-and-after-study was carried out covering traffic volume of cars and pedestrians, delay and acceptance of the signals after the installation of a countedown signal. ... more >>
document Gender Differences in Pedestrian Rule Compliance and Visual Search,
The objective of this study is to explore effect of gender difference in pedestrian rule compliance on walking and crossing behaviour. ... more >>
document The Pedestrian as the Center of Planning: No Evaluation Without Data,
The aim of this project stands on modeling the notion of anticipation of drivers' behaviors by pedestrians, and then to suggest an algorithm for the crossroads crossing by pedestrians. ... more >>
document Effects of Site Design on Pedestrian Travel in Mixed-Use, Medium-Density Environments, Washington State Department of Transportation
This report examines whether high or low incidence of pedestrian travel in mixed-use, medium-density environments is due to site design characteristics, and specifically to presence of direct, continuous, ... more >>
document A Study of Fatal Pedestrian Crashes in Florida, Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), University of South Florida (USF), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document reports on an analysis of fatal crashes involving pedestrians in Florida during five-year period, identified from the DHSMV computerized Statewide Traffic Accident Management Information System ( ... more >>
document High Resolution Modeling of Vehicle-Pedestrian Interactions for Estimating Pedestrian Risk at the Black Spots,
The paper presents the SAFEPED - microscopic 3D simulation of the Black Spot dynamics. ... more >>
document Characterizing Illegal Mid-Block Pedestrian Crossings in China,
This study tracked 450 pedestrians via video cameras on two geometrically different roadways in Kunming, China to determine their crossing behaviors. ... more >>
document Pedestrian Road Safety in the Israeli Arab Minority and the General Population of Jordan,
The objectives of the study are to understand the causes of pedestrian involvement in traffic accidents and to examine the role of social and transportation policies in pedestrian safety improvement. ... more >>
document Mapping Patterns of Pedestrian Fatal Accidents in Israel,
This study intends to provide a broad picture of pedestrian traffic accidents in Israel by uncovering their patterns and underlying their recurrent characteristics. ... more >>
multimedia Pedestrian Safety Implementation Plan for Reducing Pedestrian/Vehicle Collisions, Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This slideshow presents characteristics of pedestrians crashed in Washington State and provides recommended policy, education, and funding strategies. ... more >>
web Field Test of an Intelligent Transportation System for Pedestrians, The Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
This site reports on a field test of an Intelligent Transportation System device designed to aid wheelchair users. ... more >>
document Safety of Vulnerable Road Users, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, France
This report presents a review of the current safety situation of vulnerable road users in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries. ... more >>
document Kids at Crossroads, A National Survey of Physical Environment and Motorist Behavior at Intersections in School Zones, National Safe Kids Campaign
Observational study examines conditions at signalized intersections near elementary and middle schools. Targets driver behavior, but examines role of education, as well as planning, design and operation of transportation facilities. ... more >>
document Pedaling Health: Health Benefits of a Modal Transportation Shift, Australian Department of Transport,
The purpose of this report is to present medical research on the benefits accruing from incorporating exercise into daily living patterns. ... more >>
web Neighborhood Site Assessment, Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions on the route to school. ... more >>
multimedia Step to Safety with ASIMO: Children's Pedestrian Safety Video, National Safety Council, PBIC, & Honda
The National Safety Council and the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center are pleased to join Honda in offering a free copy of this DVD geared to students ages five to nine. During the 14-minute program, ... more >>
web Pedestrian Injury, SafeKids USA
Pedestrian injury remains the second leading cause of unintentional injury-related death among children ages 5 to 14. SafeKids. ... more >>
web Wheeling Walks, West Virginia University Foundation
Wheeling Walks website promotes an active lifestyle through walking, and provides tips as well as information about upcoming events. ... more >>
document Killed by Automobile: Death in the Streets of New York City, 1994-1997,
This report analyzes data of pedestrian and bicycle fatalaties in New York City between 1994 and 1997, analyzing who is dying and who, and what, is causing the killing. ... more >>
web Tri-State Transportation Campaign, Tri-State Transportation Campaign
The Tri-State Transportation Campaign is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to reducing car dependency in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. ... more >>
web Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition,
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education. ... more >>
document Planning for the Utilization of Pedestrian Underpasses: A Case Study of Delhi, India, Transportion Research Board
The objectives of this study are to identify and analyze the reasons for underutilization of underpasses in Delhi and to recommend possible modifications in their planning and design criteria. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board, ... more >>
document Making Roads Safe for Pedestrians or Keeping them Out of the Way?, Transportation Research Board
This historical look at pedestrian policies in Britain explores the development of footpaths, pedestrian crossings and road safety with the aim of providing an understanding of how this development can provide perspectives on current pedestrian policies. ... more >>
web City of Boulder, CO Transportation Planning, City of Boulder
The site of the the Transportation Planning Department for the City of Boulder provides information to residents on the City plans and projects, as well as several incident reporting forms. ... more >>
document Oaklyn Borough, NJ Pedestrian/Bicycle Study, Borough of Oaklyn, Camden County New Jersey
In this final report, Urbitran Associates, Inc. identifies strategies and recommendations for six locations in order to create adequate facilities for both bicyclists and pedestrians. ... more >>
web City of Tallahassee, FL Bike and Pedestrian Program, City of Tallahassee
This site hosts the Tallahassee Bicycle & Pedestrian Plan in addition to offering various other resources. ... more >>
web Healthy Maine Walks, Healthy Maine Walks
Healthy Maine Walks provides a central location for towns and local groups to register walks. Healthy Maine Walks includes descriptions of registered walks for those interested in locating places to walk. ... more >>
web Montgomery County, MD Pedestrian Safety, Montgomery County
The Montgomery County Pedestrian Safety site details the extensive education campaigns that have been conducted over the past years. Other resources include a safety quiz and tips, local news and events, ... more >>
web St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Program, East-West Gateway Council of Governments
The St. Louis Bicycle and Pedestrian Program includes projects to develop a level of service map for bicyclists and a citizen advisory committee. ... more >>
web Wisconsin Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Information, Wisconsin Department of Transportation
This site provides the state bicycle and pedestrian plans, in addition to safety and crash information for citizens and instructors. ... more >>
document Walking the Walk: How Walkability Raises Home Values in U.S. Cities, CEOs for Cities
This paper explores the connection between home values and walkability, as measured by the Walk Score algorithm. ... more >>
document Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California, California Department of Transportation
The primary purpose of this document is to provide Caltrans staff with a synthesis of information on non-motorized transportation. ... more >>
web Northwestern University Traffic Institute, Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences. ... more >>
web Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys, The Department for Transport (UK)
This report is part of a program of initiatives to improve personal security for both transport passengers and pedestrians. ... more >>
web The Kaiser Family Foundation's State Health Facts Online, Kaiser Family Foundation
This site contains the latest state-level data on demographics, health, and health policy, including health coverage, access, financing, and state legislation. Visitors can compare data for all the states on topics including Health Status ( ... more >>
document Real Intersection Design, Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University, New Jersey Department of Transportation Office of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
This report documents a workshop created to deal with poor intersection design in Ocean City. ... more >>
web KIA Walkingbus, KIA Motors
The KIA car company in the UK is actively encouraging folks to drive less and walk more. They initiated their own "Think Before You Drive" campaign that includes sponsorship of walking school buses. ... more >>
document Health Impacts of the Built Environment, Institute of Public Health in Ireland
This review is the third in the series and illustrates how the built environment impacts on health. ... more >>
document National Scan of Actions to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity, Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada (CDPAC), Public Health Agency of Canada
This report reviews recent literature on health and the built environment, and discusses various related organizations and the resources they offer. ... more >>
document Report on Public Health and Urban Sprawl in Ontario, Ontario College of Family Physicians
This report summarizes pertinent information on the relationship between urban sprawl and health. It serves to identify the key issues that are relevant to the growing number of sprawl-related health problems in Ontario which is comparable to US situations and is far worse compared to Europe. ... more >>
document Still At Risk: Pedestrian Safety in New Jersey, Tri-State Transportation Campaign
This report provides various recommendations for improving the pedestrian environment from lessons learned in New Jersey. ... more >>
multimedia Building Community Support for Pedestrian Safety and Developing a Blueprint for Action, 2004 National Congress of Pedestrian Advocates
This presentation describes the pedestrian safety campaign undertaken by Montgomery County, Maryland in 2004 including education, enforcement, engineering, and media elements. ... more >>
document Bus Stop Style Guide, PPK Environment & Infrastructure
This document is a style guide for bus stops in urban areas in New South Wales. ... more >>
multimedia Creating More Walkable Communities, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This presentation discusses the health and community benefits of walking, illustrates the barriers to walking, and suggests strategies to use in order to create a more walkable community. ... more >>
document Encouraging Walking: Advice to Local Authorities, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions: London
This report discusses the benefits of walking and policy decisions that can encourage people to get outside and walk. ... more >>