Downtown Streetscape Design Guidelines,
Released in September 2000, these Design Guidelines are intended
to define a qualitative standard for enhancement of the pedestrian
environment of downtown St. Louis.
These guidelines seek to define and illustrate the qualities of
"Pedestrian Friendly" streets that meet three conditions: a safe
and comfortable environment; a sense of human scale, or intimacy;
and a distinctive character, or a sense of identity. For
each of these conditions, specific design guidelines are given,
and are richly illustrated with extensive diagrams and drawings.
Streetscape Brochure, New York
Illustrates downtown New York’s three phase Streetscape Plan. Infrastructure
improvements included new sidewalks, new granite curbs with inscribed
street names, new bollards and bicycle bollards, new street and
pedestrian lighting, granite markers in the sidewalk with the names
of ticker-tape parades, replacement of all old streetlights with
new street and pedestrian lights, encouragement of new sidewalk
and curb improvements on the Grid Streets, in conjunction with recommendations
in the city’s Pedestrianization Plan.
Other elements included a Storefront Improvement Program, a Façade
Lighting Program, a Seasonal Planting Program, a Trash Basket Program,
and a Bollard Program, which enables property owners to purchase
specially designed bollards for property protection and traffic
Stone Street, New York City
The NYC Downtown Alliance coordinated the Stone Street reconstruction.
The City installed a new street bed, lined with cobblestones duplicating
the street's original paving, and also laid new bluestone sidewalks
and a granite curb. Old-style lighting fixtures were also installed
throughout the district. In combination, these changes have restored
the street and recreated its 19th-century look and feel.
With street work completed in March 2000, Stone Street is once
again an inviting place to visit. It is a pedestrians-only way for
most of the day, and it is becoming home to new residents, shops,
restaurants and a hotel. Properties along the street are being upgraded,
some by building owners who are taking advantage of matching funds
from the Downtown Alliance's Storefront Improvement Program to fix
up their façades.
Streetscape Enhancement Notebook, Washington,
The purpose of this notebook is to facilitate planning and implementing
the unified and coherent treatment of the public pedestrian spaces
that are located between buildings and roadways.
The web-based Notebook is organized in four sections.
An introduction, along with the goals and objectives of the Downtown
Streetscape Enhancement program are provided in Section I, Overview.
In Section II, Street-by-Street Design Standards, the standards
for each street are described and illustrated in a 3-page format.
The format includes a location map, a photograph of existing conditions,
a typical plan, a cross-section, a three-dimensional view, and written
specifications for the streetscape components.
Specifications for sidewalk paving materials, street light fixture
types and heights, treatment of street tree spaces, street tree
species, and street furnishings such as benches, trash receptacles
and bicycle racks are included in Section III, Streetscape Components.
The Cost Estimate, Phasing Plan, and Implementation Strategy are
contained in Section IV, the Appendix. Section V contains technical
And now, for something completely different . . .
The STREETSPACE Web Station
Here’s an award-winning design for a new item of street furniture
that will become more ubiquitous with the passing of time.
Why should a public access Internet terminal look like a shrine,
closed off, walled in and private when it is supposed to be accessible
and ubiquitous as the payphone? That's exactly the question that
IDEO designers answered when they reconfigured the terminal into
an easily recognizable icon rugged enough to withstand weather and
UK Traffic Advisory Leaflets
From the United Kingdom Department for Transport several
of their Traffic Advisory Leaflets describe use of
street furniture, including bollards, in traffic management schemes.
The most relevant are cited, with links to their full text. These
leaflets are well illustrated with photos and diagrams.
Rising Bollards. 1997
Rising Bollards can be effective when used to enforce traffic regulations
that are time related or restrict access to particular classes of
traffic. Other applications include controlling the entry of small
numbers of vehicles into otherwise pedestrianised areas, and ensuring
that bus gates are not used by other road users.
The purpose of the leaflet is to describe the circumstances and
the manner in which rising bollards can properly be used.
Pavement Parking. 1993
This leaflet describes physical measures to prevent or deter parking
on the pavement, and outlines their good and bad points. Contents
include: guard rails;
bollards; amenity railings; low railings; raised planters; high
kerbs; textured surfaces; formalised on street parking; traffic
calming measures; street furniture;
and, special considerations for disabled people.
Horizontal Deflections. 1994
This Leaflet covers the use of horizontal deflections for speed
control, improvement of crossing conditions, Appearance, use of
planters, effects on visibility, and benefits for cyclists.
Gateways have been used over the centuries to mark the entry to
a special place. So it is appropriate that gateway features have
been adapted for use as a traffic calming measure. Contents include
Visibility, Conspicuity, Horizontal Elements, Islands, Vertical
Elements, Signs, Entry Treatments, Locations, Research, and Gateway
Entry Treatments. 1994
Entry treatments have been developed for use at side roads so that
drivers leaving a major road are in no doubt that they are entering
a road of a different character. Contents of the leaflet include:
design, locations, vertical deflections, materials, carriageway
narrowings, pedestrians, cyclists, bollards, signing, speed reduction,
kerb radii, and planting.
Parking for Disabled People. 1995
Contents include Location and Design of Parking Bays, Other Design
Considerations, including Steps, Ramps, Bollards and Lifts, Dropped
Kerbs, and Crossfalls, Signs and Road Markings, and Parking Control
Equipment, including Barrier Controls.
Traffic Islands for Speed Control.
This leaflet reviews ways that islands can be used for traffic
calming, in order to control vehicle speeds. Selected contents include:
locations and approach speeds, narrowings, special considerations
for pedestrians and cyclists, lighting, and street furniture.
Inclusive Mobility - A Guide to Best Practice
on Access to Pedestrian and Transport Infrastructure. 1997
This extensive guide to good access for disabled people
provides basic information on the space needed by people; people
walking, using wheelchairs, people walking with assistance dogs,
and other people with special needs.
Selected contents include: widths and gradients, fences and guardrails,
seating, barriers on footways, ramps and steps, street furniture,
dropped kerbs and raised crossings, tactile paving surfaces, pedestrian
crossing points, segregated shared cycle track/footway surfaces
and center delineator strips, lighting, and access in the countryside.
Faber, O. Roadside Infrastructure Standards
The overall objective of this report is to ensure that roadside
infrastructure is sited safely and efficiently within the existing
streetscape. The report is broken into nine sections and two appendices.
While several sections deal with legislation pertinent to the United
Kingdom, and would not be of interest for PBIC, there are several
sections that are of interest.
These are Section 2, relevant roadside infrastructure; Section
7, Guidelines on roadside infrastructure; Section 8, some comparisons
with other European Legislation, which focuses on the impact of
roadside infrastructure on vulnerable road users: Section 9, a review
of current UK implementation practices; Appendix 1, a bibliography
of documents referred to in the report; and Appendix 2, an example
method statement for infrastructure design and implementation.