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Street Furniture and Streetscapes for the Urban Pedestrian Environment Resources and Examples

Downtown Streetscape Design Guidelines, St. Louis

http://stlouis.missouri.org/development/downtown-now/reports/streetscape.html

Released in September 2000, these Design Guidelines are intended to define a qualitative standard for enhancement of the pedestrian environment of downtown St. Louis.

These guidelines seek to define and illustrate the qualities of "Pedestrian Friendly" streets that meet three conditions: a safe and comfortable environment; a sense of human scale, or intimacy; and a distinctive character, or a sense of identity. For each of these conditions, specific design guidelines are given, and are richly illustrated with extensive diagrams and drawings.

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Streetscape Brochure, New York City Downtown

http://www.downtownny.com/files/streetscape.pdf [PDF Format]

Illustrates downtown New York’s three phase Streetscape Plan. Infrastructure improvements included new sidewalks, new granite curbs with inscribed street names, new bollards and bicycle bollards, new street and pedestrian lighting, granite markers in the sidewalk with the names of ticker-tape parades, replacement of all old streetlights with new street and pedestrian lights, encouragement of new sidewalk and curb improvements on the Grid Streets, in conjunction with recommendations in the city’s Pedestrianization Plan.

Other elements included a Storefront Improvement Program, a Façade Lighting Program, a Seasonal Planting Program, a Trash Basket Program, and a Bollard Program, which enables property owners to purchase specially designed bollards for property protection and traffic control.

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Stone Street, New York City

http://www.downtownny.com/streetscape_stonestreet.asp

The NYC Downtown Alliance coordinated the Stone Street reconstruction. The City installed a new street bed, lined with cobblestones duplicating the street's original paving, and also laid new bluestone sidewalks and a granite curb. Old-style lighting fixtures were also installed throughout the district. In combination, these changes have restored the street and recreated its 19th-century look and feel.

With street work completed in March 2000, Stone Street is once again an inviting place to visit. It is a pedestrians-only way for most of the day, and it is becoming home to new residents, shops, restaurants and a hotel. Properties along the street are being upgraded, some by building owners who are taking advantage of matching funds from the Downtown Alliance's Storefront Improvement Program to fix up their façades.

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Streetscape Enhancement Notebook, Washington, D.C.

http://www.downtowndc.org/DevInit/Placemaking/strscape/index.html

The purpose of this notebook is to facilitate planning and implementing the unified and coherent treatment of the public pedestrian spaces that are located between buildings and roadways.

The web-based Notebook is organized in four sections.

An introduction, along with the goals and objectives of the Downtown Streetscape Enhancement program are provided in Section I, Overview.

In Section II, Street-by-Street Design Standards, the standards for each street are described and illustrated in a 3-page format. The format includes a location map, a photograph of existing conditions, a typical plan, a cross-section, a three-dimensional view, and written specifications for the streetscape components.

Specifications for sidewalk paving materials, street light fixture types and heights, treatment of street tree spaces, street tree species, and street furnishings such as benches, trash receptacles and bicycle racks are included in Section III, Streetscape Components.

The Cost Estimate, Phasing Plan, and Implementation Strategy are contained in Section IV, the Appendix. Section V contains technical information.

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And now, for something completely different . . .

The STREETSPACE Web Station

http://www.idsa.org/whatis/seewhat/idea2001/winners/S8036.htm

Here’s an award-winning design for a new item of street furniture that will become more ubiquitous with the passing of time.

Why should a public access Internet terminal look like a shrine, closed off, walled in and private when it is supposed to be accessible and ubiquitous as the payphone? That's exactly the question that IDEO designers answered when they reconfigured the terminal into an easily recognizable icon rugged enough to withstand weather and vandals.


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UK Traffic Advisory Leaflets

From the United Kingdom Department for Transport several of their Traffic Advisory Leaflets describe use of street furniture, including bollards, in traffic management schemes. The most relevant are cited, with links to their full text. These leaflets are well illustrated with photos and diagrams.


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Rising Bollards. 1997

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/signs/04_97/index.htm

Rising Bollards can be effective when used to enforce traffic regulations that are time related or restrict access to particular classes of traffic. Other applications include controlling the entry of small numbers of vehicles into otherwise pedestrianised areas, and ensuring that bus gates are not used by other road users.

The purpose of the leaflet is to describe the circumstances and the manner in which rising bollards can properly be used.


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Pavement Parking. 1993

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/parking/04_93/index.htm

This leaflet describes physical measures to prevent or deter parking on the pavement, and outlines their good and bad points. Contents include: guard rails;

bollards; amenity railings; low railings; raised planters; high kerbs; textured surfaces; formalised on street parking; traffic calming measures; street furniture;

and, special considerations for disabled people.


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Horizontal Deflections. 1994

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/traffic/09_94/index.htm

This Leaflet covers the use of horizontal deflections for speed control, improvement of crossing conditions, Appearance, use of planters, effects on visibility, and benefits for cyclists.


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Gateways. 1993

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/traffic/13_93/index.htm

Gateways have been used over the centuries to mark the entry to a special place. So it is appropriate that gateway features have been adapted for use as a traffic calming measure. Contents include Visibility, Conspicuity, Horizontal Elements, Islands, Vertical Elements, Signs, Entry Treatments, Locations, Research, and Gateway Design.


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Entry Treatments. 1994

Entry treatments have been developed for use at side roads so that drivers leaving a major road are in no doubt that they are entering a road of a different character. Contents of the leaflet include: design, locations, vertical deflections, materials, carriageway narrowings, pedestrians, cyclists, bollards, signing, speed reduction, kerb radii, and planting.


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Parking for Disabled People. 1995

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/parking/05_95/index.htm#steps

Contents include Location and Design of Parking Bays, Other Design Considerations, including Steps, Ramps, Bollards and Lifts, Dropped Kerbs, and Crossfalls, Signs and Road Markings, and Parking Control Equipment, including Barrier Controls.


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Traffic Islands for Speed Control. 1995

http://www.roads.dft.gov.uk/roadnetwork/ditm/tal/traffic/07_95/index.htm

This leaflet reviews ways that islands can be used for traffic calming, in order to control vehicle speeds. Selected contents include: locations and approach speeds, narrowings, special considerations for pedestrians and cyclists, lighting, and street furniture.


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Inclusive Mobility - A Guide to Best Practice on Access to Pedestrian and Transport Infrastructure. 1997

http://www.mobility-unit.dft.gov.uk/inclusive/index.htm

This extensive guide to good access for disabled people provides basic information on the space needed by people; people walking, using wheelchairs, people walking with assistance dogs, and other people with special needs.

Selected contents include: widths and gradients, fences and guardrails, seating, barriers on footways, ramps and steps, street furniture, dropped kerbs and raised crossings, tactile paving surfaces, pedestrian crossing points, segregated shared cycle track/footway surfaces and center delineator strips, lighting, and access in the countryside.


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Faber, O. Roadside Infrastructure Standards Review. 2000

http://www.utmc.dft.gov.uk/utmc27/pdf/utmc27.pdf

The overall objective of this report is to ensure that roadside infrastructure is sited safely and efficiently within the existing streetscape. The report is broken into nine sections and two appendices. While several sections deal with legislation pertinent to the United Kingdom, and would not be of interest for PBIC, there are several sections that are of interest.

These are Section 2, relevant roadside infrastructure; Section 7, Guidelines on roadside infrastructure; Section 8, some comparisons with other European Legislation, which focuses on the impact of roadside infrastructure on vulnerable road users: Section 9, a review of current UK implementation practices; Appendix 1, a bibliography of documents referred to in the report; and Appendix 2, an example method statement for infrastructure design and implementation.


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