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design and engineeringsignals and signs

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Add / modify signing

Signs can provide important information that can improve road safety. By letting people know what to expect, there is a greater chance that they will react and behave appropriately. For example, giving motorists advanced warnings of upcoming pedestrian crossings or that they are entering a traffic calmed area will enable them to modify their speeds. Sign use and movement should be done judiciously, as overuse breeds noncompliance and disrespect.

Regulatory signs, such as STOP, YIELD or turn restrictions require certain driver actions and can be enforced. Warning signs can provide helpful information, especially to motorists and pedestrians unfamiliar with an area. Some examples of signs which affect pedestrians include pedestrian warning signs, motorists warning signs, NO TURN ON RED signs, and guide signs.

Advance pedestrian warning signs should be used where pedestrian crossings may not be expected by motorists, especially if there are many motorists who are unfamiliar with the area. A new fluorescent yellow-green color is now approved for use on non-motorized warning signs. This bright color attracts the attention of drivers because it is unique.

In some cases, signs may be used to prohibit pedestrian crossings at an undesirable location and re-route them to a safer crossing location, or warn pedestrians of unexpected driver maneuvers. All signs should be periodically checked to make sure they are in good condition, free from graffiti and continue to serve a purpose..

This sign instructs drivers to yield to pedestrians when turning at this intersection.

The material provided on this page is from the FHWA publication "Pedestrian Facilities User Guide." This guide is currently under review by practicioners and others in the field. Subsequently, the material provided on this page is subject to change in the future.

traffic signals

upgrade / modify pedestrian signal timing

traffic signal enhancements

pedestrian signals

right turn on red

recessed stop lines

add / modify signing


•Provides regulations or information to road users as to what to expect and how to behave.


• Overuse of signs breeds noncompliance and disrespect. Too many signs can lead to visual clutter with the result that a driver is not likely to read or pay attention to any of the signs.

• Traffic signs must be in compliance with the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD).

Estimated Cost:

$50$150 per sign.

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