There are many other good resources on planning, funding, and implementing
programs to increase pedestrian safety and mobility. Some of these resources
are listed below:
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO),
Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, Washington, DC, 1999.
American Planning Association, Bicycle Facility Planning, Planning Advisory
Service Report 459, Chicago, IL, 1995.
Appleyard, Donald, Livable Streets, University of California Press, Berkeley,
Bentzen, B.L. and L. Tabor, Accessible Pedestrian Signals, U.S. Architectural
and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board), Washington, DC,
Bentzen, B.L., J.M. Barlow, and L.S. Tabor, Detectable Warnings: Synthesis of
U.S. and International Practice, U.S. Access Board, Washington, DC, 2000.
Brookline Transportation Department, Neighborhood Traffic Calming Program for
Residential Streets, Town of Brookline, MA, 1996.
Burden, Dan, Walkable and Bicycle-Friendly Communities, Florida Dept. of Transportation,
Burrington, Stephen H., "Restoring the Rule of Law and Respect for Communities
in Transportation," Environmental Law Journal, Volume 5, No. 3, New York
CART Citizens Advocating Responsible Transportation, Traffic Calming
The Solution to Urban Traffic and a New Vision for Neighborhood Livability,
Ashgrove, Australia, 1989 (reprinted by Sensible Transportation Options for
People (STOP), Oregon, 1993).
Conservation Law Foundation, City Routes, City Rights: Building Livable Neighborhoods
and Environmental Justice by Fixing Transportation, June 1998.
Conservation Law Foundation, Road Kill: How Solo Driving Runs Down the Economy,
Conservation Law Foundation, Take Back Your Streets: How to Protect Communities
From Asphalt and Traffic, May 1995.
County Surveyors Society, Traffic Calming in Practice, Landor Publishing Ltd.,
Delft Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management, Cities Make
Room for Cyclists, Delft, The Netherlands, August 1995.
Denmark Ministry of Transport, Bicycle Markings: Safety Effects at Signalized
Intersections, Traffic Safety and Environment, Road Directorate, 1996.
Denmark Ministry of Transport, An Improved Traffic Environment: A Catalogue
of Ideas, Traffic Safety and Environment, Road Directorate, 1993.
Denmark Ministry of Transport, Safety of Cyclists in Urban Areas: Danish Experiences,
Traffic Safety and Environment, Road Directorate, 1994.
Denmark Ministry of Transport, Speed Management: National Practice and Experiences
in Denmark, The Netherlands, and in the United Kingdom, Report No. 167, Traffic
Safety and Environment, Road Directorate, 1999.
Denmark Ministry of Transport, The Traffic Safety Effects of Bicycle Lanes in
Urban Areas, Traffic Safety and Environment, Road Directorate, 1996.
Devon County Council Engineering and Planning, Traffic-Calming Guidelines, Great
Dutch Centre for Research and Contract Standardization in Civil and Traffic
Engineering, Sign Up for the Bike: Design Manual for a Cycle-Friendly Infrastructure,
The Netherlands, September 1994.
Engwicht, David, Reclaiming Our Cities and Towns: Better Living With Less Traffic,
New Society Publishers, Philadelphia, PA, 1993.
Environmental Working Group, Bicycle Federation of American and Surface Transportation
Policy Project, Share the Road: Lets Make America Bicycle Friendly, May
Federal Highway Administration, Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis, Washington,
DC, April 1995.
Federal Highway Administration, Bicycling & Walking in the Nineties and
Beyond: Applying the Scandinavian Experience to America's Challenge, Washington,
DC, November 1994.
Federal Highway Administration, Flexibility in Highway Design, Washington, DC,
Federal Highway Administration, The National Bicycling and Walking Study: Transportation
Choices for a Changing America, Final Report and 24 Case Studies, Washington,
DC, 1994. [Especially Case Study No. 19, "Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted
Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques."]
Federal Highway Administration, Safety Effectiveness of Highway Design Features,
Volume VI: Pedestrians and Bicyclists, Washington, DC, 1991.
Federal Highway Administration, Study Tour Report for Pedestrian and Bicyclist
Safety in England, Germany, and the Netherlands, Washington, DC, October 1994.
Gehl, Jan, Life Between Buildings, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York,
Institute of Transportation Engineers, ITE Journal, Volume 67, No. 7, July 1997.
Institute of Transportation Engineers, ITE Journal, Volume 67, No. 8, August
Institute of Transportation Engineers, Residential Street Design and Traffic
Control, Wolfgang Hamburger et al., Washington, DC, 1989.
Institute of Transportation Engineers, The Traffic Safety ToolBox: A Primer
on Traffic Safety, Washington, DC, 1994.
ITE Traffic Engineering Council Speed Humps Task Force, Guidelines for the Design
and Application of Speed Humps, Washington, DC, 1997.
Institute of Transportation Engineers and the Federal Highway Administration,
Traffic Calming State of the Art, Washington, DC, August 1999.
ITE Transportation Planning Council Committee, Traditional Neighborhood Development:
Street Design Guidelines, Washington, DC, 1997.
Jacobs, Allan, Great Streets, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1994.
National Highway Institute, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway
Administration, and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Pedestrian
and Bicyclist Safety and Accommodation, Publication No. FHWA-HI-96-028, May
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts, updated
Oregon Department of Transportation, Oregon Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, 1995.
Rodale Press, Inc., Pathways for People, June 1992.
Route 50 Corridor Coalition, A Traffic-Calming Plan for Virginias Rural
Route 50 Corridor, Middleburg, VA, 1996.
Seiderman, Cara, Traveling at the Speed of Life, In Conservation
Matters No. 4 (Autumn 1997) pp. 20-23.
Standards Association of Australia, Australian Standard: Manual of Uniform Traffic
Control Devices, Part 13: Local Area Traffic Management, North Sydney, Australia,
Transportation Association of Canada and the Canadian Institute of Transportation
Engineers, Canadian Guide to Neighbourhood Traffic Calming, December 1998.
U.S. Access Board, Accessible Rights-of-Way: A Design Guide, Washington, DC,
U.S. Department of Transportation and Rails to Trails Conservancy, Improving
Conditions for Bicycling and Walking: A Best Practices Report, January 1998.
Whyte, William H., City: Rediscovering the Center, Anchor Books, Doubleday,
Resources on the World Wide Web
There are dozens of websites that contain information on pedestrian safety and
mobility. About 75 of these sites (with hot links) may be found through the
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) at the following address:
The links on the PBIC website are organized by category (e.g., government agencies
and offices, professional organizations), and are as follows:
Government Agencies and Offices
Danish Road Directorate
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA Office of Highway Safety
FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center
House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Transportation Association of Canada
U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board)
U.S. Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT)
Government Programs and Initiatives
FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program
FHWA Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Page
NHTSA National Child Passenger Safety Week Walkability Checklist
NHTSA Pedestrians, Bicycles, and Motorcycles Page
Office of Highway Safety Pedestrian/Bicyclist Safety Program
Pedestrian Safety Roadshow
Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)
America Walks Checklist
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
American Planning Association (APA)
American Public Works Association
American Traffic Safety Services Association
Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals (APBP)
Bicycle Federation of America/National Center for Bicycling and Walking
Human-Powered Transportation Committee of the American Society of Civil Engineers
Institute of Transportation Engineers
League of American Bicyclists
National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
National Safety Council
National Safety Council Highway Traffic Division
National Safety Council Partnership for a Walkable America
Transportation Research Board
Other Organizations (Including Advocacy Organizations)
AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
American Council of the Blind Pedestrian Safety
Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
Better Environmentally Sound Transportation
Chainguard Bicycle Advocacy Online
Coalition for Alternative Transportation
Conservation Law Foundation
List of Pedestrian Associations
Massachusetts Bicycle Coalition
National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Partnership for a Walkable America
Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)
Rails to Trails Conservancy
Roundabout Traffic Control Information Center
Surface Transportation Policy Project
Transportation Action Network (TransAct)
Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area)
Travis County (Austin, TX) SuperCyclist Project
Tri-State Transportation Campaign (New York/New Jersey/Connecticut)
Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition
Victoria Policy Institute
Walkable Communities, Inc.
City of Boulder, CO, Transportation Planning
City of Cambridge, MA, Environmental and Transportation Division
City of Portland, OR, Pedestrian Transportation Program
City of Tallahassee, FL, Bike and Pedestrian Program
Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program
Montgomery County, MD, Residential Traffic-Calming Program
New York City Department of Transportation Pedestrian Information
Oregon Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Program
St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee
Wisconsin Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Information
Pedestrian and Bicycle Link Pages
Bicycle advocacy websites provided by Chainguard
Bicycle education and safety sites provided by Chainguard
Bicycling organizations and resources provided by Bicycles, Inc.
Bicycling sites provided by Cyber Cyclery
Government sites for bicycle issues provided by Chainguard
Pedestrian and bicycle sites provided by TransAct
Pedestrian issues and organization provided by PEDS
State bicycle laws provided by Bicycle Coalition of Massachusetts
Pedestrian and Bicycle Studies and Statistics
Bike Plan Source Hot Topics provided by Tracy-Williams Consulting
BTS National Transportation Library Links to Pedestrian Transportation Research
BTS National Transportation Library Links to Bicycle Transportation Research
Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Consumer Product Safety Commission Recreational Safety Publications
National Bicycling and Walking Study Five-Year Status Report
Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey
Northwestern University Traffic Institute
PedSMART Application ITS Technology to Pedestrian Safety
University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center