Good public transportation is as important to the quality of a community
as good roads. Well-designed transit routes and accessible stops are essential
to a usable system.
Bus stops should be located at intervals that are convenient for passengers.
The stops should be designed to provide safe and convenient access
and should be comfortable places for people to wait. Adequate bus stop
signing, lighting, a bus shelter with seating, trash receptacles, and
bicycle parking are also desirable features. Bus stops should be highly
visible locations that pedestrians can reach easily by means of
accessible travel routes. Therefore, a complete sidewalk system is essential
to support a public transportation system. Convenient crossings are
Proper placement of bus stops is key to user safety. For example, placing
the bus stops on the near side of intersections or crosswalks may
block the pedestrians’ view of approaching traffic, and the
approaching drivers’ view of pedestrians. Approaching motorists may
be unable to stop in time when a pedestrian steps from in front of
a stopped bus into the traffic lanes at the intersection.
Far-side bus stops generally encourage pedestrians to cross behind the
bus. Relocating the bus stop to the far side of the intersection can
improve pedestrian safety since it eliminates the sight-distance restriction
caused by the bus. Placing bus stops at the far side of intersections
can also improve motor vehicle operation.
The bus stop location should be fully accessible to pedestrians in
wheelchairs, should have paved connections to sidewalks where landscape
buffers exist, and should not block pedestrian travel on the sidewalk.
Adequate room should exist to operate wheelchair lifts. Yet, it is also
useful to install curb ramps at bus stops so that a passenger can board
from the street if bus-lift deployment is blocked. Additional information
on making bus stops accessible can be found in Chapter 3 of Accessible
Rights-of-Way: A Design Guide.7